four separated half page response to reading question

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timer Asked: Oct 20th, 2018
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Question Description

1. Those three poems uploaded

What does this poem tell us about identity? What is the message the author is trying to convey?

2.

Pick one word from the list from the “Historical and Intellectual Presence of Mexican Americans,” pick one word from the list from “Toward an Operational Definition of the Mexican American” and come up with your own independent definition for these terms using at least 1-2 different outside resources and cite your sources. This will require you to do a little online research. Demonstrate where in the reading this keyword or concept is being used and how? How does the author engage this concept? Do they use it differently than from what you found online? How does it relate to their larger arguments?

Then answer the one question from “On Culture.” How does Gómez-Quiñones explains culture and what does he say about Mexican American culture?

Pick One Word From This List

Octavio Ignacio Romano-V., “The Historical and Intellectual Presence of Mexican Americans” (1969)

Mestizo/Mestizaje

Indianism

Historical Confrontation

Cultural Nationalism

Anglo-Saxon Conformity

Bi-Culturalism

Pick One Word From This List

Fernando Peñalosa, “Toward an Operational Definition of the Mexican American” (1970)

racial entity/ race

ethnic group

barrio

caste

Mexican American community

antecedents (historical antecedents)

Everyone Answer This Question

Juan Gómez-Quiñones, “On Culture” (1977)

How does Gómez-Quiñones explains culture and what does he say about Mexican American culture?

3.

Pick one or two words from the list from the “Ramón Gutiérrez, “Unraveling America’s Hispanic Past: Internal Stratification and Class Boundaries (1986),” pick one or two words from the list from “Mario García, “La Frontera: The Border as Symbol and Reality in Mexican-American Thought” (1985)” and come up with your own independent definition for these terms using at least 1-2 different outside resources and cite your sources. This will require you to do a little online research. Demonstrate where in the reading this keyword or concept is being used and how? How does the author engage this concept? Do they use it differently than from what you found online? How does it relate to their larger arguments?

Pick One Or Two Words From This Word List

Ramón Gutiérrez, “Unraveling America’s Hispanic Past: Internal Stratification and Class Boundaries (1986)

homogeneous group

cultural identity

national consciousness

castas

gente de razón/ gente sin razón

the origin of the word gringo

Pocho

The origin of the word Chicano

Pick One Or Two Words From This Word List

Mario García, “La Frontera: The Border as Symbol and Reality in Mexican-American Thought” (1985)

US-Mexican border

First great wave of Mexican immigrants during the early twentieth century.

La Opinión Newspaper

El Espectador Newspaper

Sin Fronteras Newspaper

CASA-General Brotherhood of Workers

The Chicano Movement

Black power movement

4.

Read “El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán” (1969) but no terms or words will be pulled from this reading. Pick one or two key terms or questions from Rafael Perez-Torres, “Refiguring Aztlán” (1997), and pick one or two key terms or questions from Ramón Gutiérrez, “Internal Colonialism: An American Theory of Race” (2004).

Key Terms

If you pick a key term, then come up with your own independent definition for these terms using at least 1-2 different outside resources and cite your sources. Make sure your sources are academic sources. This will require you to do a little online research. Demonstrate where in the reading this keyword or concept is being used and how? How does the author engage this concept? Do they use it differently than from what you found online? How does it relate to their larger arguments?

Questions

And if you chose to answer a question respond with a couple of sentences and no more than one paragraph.

Pick One or Two Terms/Questions From This Word List

Rafael Perez-Torres, “Refiguring Aztlán” (1997)

Chicanismo

Aztlán

In this article there are many scholars who describes Aztlán. Pick one or two scholars and describe their perspective on Aztlán. (Daniel Alacrón, Cherrie Morgana, Mario Barrera, Michael Pina, Luis Leal, Elyette Labarthe, Genaro Padilla, Sylvia Gonzales and Ernest Laclau)

El Plan Espiritual de Aztlán

Gabacho

Diaspora

What did William Safran and Mario Barrera argue on diaspora?

Frantz Fanon

How has “The Plan” been influenced by Fanon’s thought?

Historical consciousness

Alurista

Cultural Nationalism/political nationalism

What does Jorge Klor de Alva state about cultural and political nationalism?

Nationalist movements

Pick One or Two Terms/ Questions From This Word List

Ramón Gutiérrez, “Internal Colonialism: An American Theory of Race” (2004)

internal colonialism

Liberation Theology

Historical genealogy

Civil Rights Act

Voting Rights Act

Black Panther Party

dependency theory

economic underdevelopment

What did André Gunder Frank note on inequalities and who did she critique?

What did Pablo Gonzáles Casanova and Julio Cotler note on internal colonialism?

What did the book “Black Power” have to offer?

El Plan de Santa Bárbara

What did Robert Blauner argue within this article?

What did Rodolfo Acuña argue in his book, “Occupied America”?

Unformatted Attachment Preview

ARE YOU DONG TI{E NEW A AIVIERTKAN [IITNG'/ For all mouemen\ ex-rnoaenwnt and anti-mouement alflliates and fm Brandi Trnirio, 1 97 8. Are you doing that new Amerikan thing? Sweet thing, handsome thing, that thing about coming out, all the way out I About telling her, her telling him, telling us, telling them that we Must kill the revolutionary soul, because it was only a magical thing A mombntary thing, a thing outside of time, a sixties thing, a sacred thing A brown beret thing, a grassroot thing, a loud thing, a spontaneous thing AViet Nam thing, a white radical thing, an Aztlln thing, a Cholo thing A nationalist thing, a for Pochos only thing, a college thing, an August 29, L970 Chicano Moratorium thing, an Sweet thing, handsome thing, that thing about coming out, all the way out On a Communist scare thing, a Red thing, a let's go back to war thing it could lead to another Nicaragua Because we must stop the El Salvador thing because I6? Thing because we need Reagan and Order in the Am6ricas thing. Are you doing that new Amerikan thing? The chains, pins and leather thing The aluminum thing The transparent plastik underwear thing The lonely boulevard thing The hopeless existentialist thing The neo-Paris melancholy thing The nightmare thing The urban artist thing The laughing thing The serious suicide thing The New Amerikan Chicano rhing The end of the world thing The victim thing The enlightened quasipolitical thing The university hustle for the pie thing The We Are the Communilry thing Are you doing that new Amerikan thing? The nacimos para morirthing The yo te protejo thing The Dios y Hombre thing The quien sabe tlrring thing The todo se acaba thing The la aida es un misterio thing T}ae ast nomd,s 168 The quisiera ser thing The aato firme thing T}ae chaual,a de aquellas thing The no m,e toques thing The no quiero problcmas thing Are you doing that new Amerikan thing? Doing the be clean be seen by the right people thing Doing the be macho again because women like it anyway thing Doing the look out for number one because you tried the group thing thing Doing the be submissive again because after all a woman needs a mztn thing Doing the Army thing because it really pays more than hanging around the Barrio thing Doing the women's draft thing because you can do it better than the men thing Doing the purity thing because no one got to be president by eating greasy tacos thing Doing the spa thing because there you will meet the right tall & dark & blond & tender thing Doing the homophobic thing because you caughtyourself lusting at an abberration thing Are you doing that new Amerikan thing? Sweet thing, handsome thing, that thing about coming out, all the way out 169 About telling her, her telling him, telling us, telling them that we Must kill the revolutionary soul? From Exiles 1?s of Desire, 1983. I am Joaquin /Yo Soy Joaquin “I am Joaquin” was written by Rodolfo “Corky” Gonzales, a Chicano activist from Denver, Colorado in 1967. After a brief career as a professional boxer, Gonzales became a leading figure in the Chicano Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. In the poem, Joaquin (the narrator) speaks of the historical triumphs, struggles, and inherent contradictions experienced by Mexicans and Mexican Americans. He dedicated this poem to the younger generation of Mexican Americans. Yo soy Joaquin. I am Cuauhtémoc, proud and noble, leader of men, king of an empire civilized beyond the dreams of the gachupín Cortés, who also is the blood, the image of myself. I was part in blood and spirit of that courageous village priest Hidalgo who rang the bell of independence and gave out that lasting cry-El Grito de Dolores "Que mueran los gachupines y que viva la Virgen de Guadalupe..." I sentenced him who was me I excommunicated him, my blood. I am Joaquin. I rode with Pancho Villa, crude and warm, a tornado at full strength, nourished and inspired by the passion and the fire of all his earthy people. I ride with revolutionists against myself. I have been the bloody revolution, The victor, The vanquished. I have killed And been killed. I am the despots Díaz And Huerta And the apostle of democracy, Francisco Madero. I rode east and north As far as the Rocky Mountains, And All men feared the guns of Joaquín Murrieta. I killed those men who dared To steal my mine, Who raped and killed my love My wife. Then I killed to stay alive. I stand here looking back, And now I see the present, And still I am a campesino, I am the fat political coyote– I, Of the same name, Joaquín. In a country that has wiped out All my history, Stifled all my pride, In a country that has placed a Different weight of indignity upon my ageold burdened back. Inferiority is the new load . . . I look at myself And see part of me Who rejects my father and my mother And dissolves into the melting pot To disappear in shame. La raza! Méjicano! Español! Latino! Chicano! Or whatever I call myself, I look the same I feel the same I cry And Sing the same. I am the masses of my people and I refuse to be absorbed. I am Joaquín. The odds are great But my spirit is strong, My faith unbreakable, My blood is pure. I SHALL ENDURE! I WILL ENDURE! Mi Problema By Michele Serros My sincerity isn’t good enough. Eyebrows raise when I request: “Hable mas despacio, por favor.” My skin is brown just like theirs, but now I’m unworthy of the color ‘cause I don’t speak Spanish the way I should. Then they laugh and talk about mi problema in the language I stumble over. I search for S.S.L. classes, (Spanish as a Second Language) in college catalogs and practice with my grandma. who gives me patience, permission to learn. And then one day, I’ll be a perfected “r” rolling tilde using Spanish speaker. A true Mexican at last! A white person gets encouragement, praise, for weak attempts at a second language. “Maybe he wants to be brown like us.” and that is good. My earnest attempts make me look bad, dumb. “Perhaps she wanted to be white like THEM.” and that is bad. I keep my flash cards hidden a practice cassette tape not labeled ‘cause I am ashamed. I “should know better” they tell me Spanish is in your blood. From Chicana Falsa and other stories of death, identity, and Oxnard by Michele Serros   ...
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Tutor Answer

DrWood
School: University of Virginia

Attached.

Surname: 1
Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Course
Date
Review of Poems
Question one
The poem ‘MI Problema' by Michelle Serros enlighten all readers to be proud of their
identity. The author gives an example of a white person who get encouraged because of the
brown skin and the color. Therefore, all individuals should be proud of their identity. The author
discusses how he is proud of the brown skin color because his identity differs with that of
Spanish people. Also, the poem ‘Are You Doing The New American Thing?' by Brandi Trevino
discusses the need to protect the revolutionary soul and ensure individuals are proud of their
brown beret thing. The originality of an individual as per the poem by Brandi Trevino is a
nationalist thing, and all individuals including the Viet Nam people, the radical white people and
the Aztlan people should be proud of their skin color and respect their identity which cannot be
changed. As per the poem ‘Are You Doing The New Amerikan Thing?’ the author analyzes how
it is a handsome thing for an individual to have a unique identity (Trnirio 168). Also, the poem ‘I
am Joaquin’ by Rodolfo discusses how it is essential to protect the identity of an individual. The
author was a professional boxer, and in all contests he attended, he was proud of his identity,
Cuauhtemoc. Rodolfo was proud of all people who contributed to his success like Hidalgo who
served as the village priest. Authors of the poems discussed above discuss the need for protecting
individual identity in all aspects of their lives.

Surname: 2

Question two
Cultural nationalism ...

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Review

Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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