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Running head: CHEMICAL AWARENESS
1. Explain the difference between an acid and a base.
An acid is a chemical compound that forms positively charged solution after being dissolved
in water as such the hydrogen activity is higher than that of pure water. On the other hand, a base
is a chemical compound that can dissolve in water and receives hydrogen ions (Christensen et al,
2016). Therefore, protons are given by acids while base receives them.
2. What are the primary health hazards associated with acids and bases?
Some of the primary health hazards that are associated with acids include irritation,
corrosion, and inflammation (Haddow et al, 2017). The intensity of these health hazards is
determined by the number of positively charged protons in the compound.
3. How do the hazards of flammable and halogenated solvents differ?
Chemical compounds are said to be halogen when they contain bromine, chlorine, iodine or
fluorine atoms. The number of hydrogen molecules determines their flammability level (Haddow
et al, 2017). Halogenated solvents that have long chains with a high number of hydrogen
molecules are highly flammable. On the other hand, those that...