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RESEARCH PAPER - SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS
Write the Research Paper using the Topic and Proposal you submitted. Your paper must have a
thesis statement, which is an attempt to prove a point (this is not a survey of material). Your
paper must be thoroughly documented and not contain your opinion, except in the Conclusion
Your Research Paper must include 7 sections:
Table of Contents
Bibliography (including at least 12 sources, not counting the Bible or the course
The format guidelines for this paper are as follows:
1. Footnotes are to be used to document research in the body of your paper (no in-text
citations or endnotes). This paper must have a minimum of 20–25 footnotes.
2. The body of the paper (Introduction to Conclusion) must be a minimum of 12 full pages
and not exceed 15 pages.
3. The completed paper must encompass all 7 sections above and be written in proper
Turabian format (See the “LBTS Writing Guide” at http://www.liberty.edu/seminary/
index.cfm?PID=28160 for preferred Seminary Turabian standards).
4. Text must be double-spaced and written in 12 pt. Times New Roman font. Use a recent
version of Microsoft Word in which to write your paper.
5. Misspellings, grammatical errors, poor syntax, excessive use of first person point of view,
or failure to comply with all structural/content criteria will count against your grade.
Your completed Research Paper must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of
See the Research Paper Submission Grading Rubric and note how your paper will be graded.
LIBERTY UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DIVINITY
Research Paper Topic: Biblical Criticism: Arguments For and Against
Submitted to Dr. Michael Vlach
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of
THEO 525 – B05
Systematic Theology I
September 24, 2018
In order to properly defend one’s belief in the knowledge of God, one must know the
opposition that is being argued against the Bible regarding its accuracy and truthfulness. In
addition, one must also know the most often used arguments for the Bible in response to these
The Need for The Study
The need for this study is to know what arguments are being presented against the very
existence of God and the truth of the Bible. In today’s society, there is a rising the existence of
atheism and questions among believers as to the existence of God, or even that God is the one
true God. Using the research information, this paper will attempt to find and define the
arguments and criticisms of the Bible and its truthfulness as a divinely inspired record of events.
The Procedure for The Study
This research paper will identify arguments against the Bible such as the accuracy of
events described, the unbelief or the inability to prove events told in the Bible are true, and more.
The research will identify some critics by name and their theories. The research will identify
arguments made in defense of the Bible and responses to these defenses. The research will also
identify arguments made against the validity of the Bible and responses to these arguments. The
research done in this paper will identify Biblical and theological terms, including apologetics
which is the study of defending beliefs that are objected to. The research in this paper will
explore this concept of apologetics, in order to know how to structure argument in defense of the
Bible and Christianity The research in this paper will present at the end of discussion, whether or
not the thesis statement is correct.
Tamar Ross, “Orthodoxy and The Challenge of Biblical Criticism: Some reflections on the
importance of asking the right question”, Journal of Modern Jewish Studies Vol 4, No 1 (2015):
James K Beilby, “Thinking About Christian Apologetics: What it Is and Why We Do It”
(Downers Grove, InterVarsity Press, 2011)
Edward L Greenstein, “Theory and Argument in Biblical Criticsm” The Jewish Theological
Seminar of America Retrieved online September 23, 2018 from
Nathaniel Gray Sutanto, “Covenanatal Apologetics and Common-Sense Realism: Recalibrating
the Argument from Consciousness As a Test Case”, Journal of Evangelical Theological Society
Vol 57, No 4 (Dec 2014) 773-791
John Ahn, “Book Review: The Nature of Biblical Criticism”, Horizons in Biblical Theology Vol
Andries G van Aarde, “Progress in Psychological Biblical Criticism”, Pastoral Psychol Vol 64
Jeffrey L Morrow, “The Politics of Biblical Interpretaton: Criticism of Criticism”, New
Blackfriars Vol 91, Issue 1035 (September 2010): 528-545
Mark G Brett, “Dawkins and Badiou: Two Atheist Approaches to the Bible” Sage Journals Vol
116 Issue 3 (2013)
Pooley, Roger. "Proving Things from the Bible: The Case of the Anti- Atheists." Bunyan Studies,
no. 15 (2011): 75-89, http://ezproxy.liberty.edu/login?url=https://search-proquestcom.ezproxy.liberty.edu/docview/1348278989?accountid=12085.
DeVan, Benjamin B. "NEW ATHEISTS ON GENESIS 1-11 AND 19." Journal for the Study of
Religions and Ideologies 11, no. 32 (Summer, 2012): 37-74,
Corey L Cook, Florette Cohen, Sheldon Solomon, “ What if They’re Right About the Afterlife?
Evidence of the Role of Existential Threat on Anti-Atheist Prejudice” Sage Journals, Vol 6 Issue
Hammond, Jeffrey B. "PROTESTANT LEGAL THEORY? APOLOGY AND OBJECTIONS."
The Journal of Law and Religion 32, no. 1 (03, 2017): 86-92,