Volume 107, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 61-68
Emotional intelligence in schizophrenia
Kimmy S. Kee a, b, c
, William P. Horan b, c, Peter Salovey d, Robert S. Kern b, c, Mark J. Sergi c, e, Alan P.
Fiske f, Junghee Lee b, c, Kenneth L. Subotnik b, Keith Nuechterlein b, g, Catherine A. Sugar h, Michael F. Green b,
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Deficits in emotion perception have been extensively documented in schizophrenia and are ×
associated with poor psychosocial
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of emotion processing that are critical for adaptive functioning. The current study assessed
schizophrenia patients' performance on a theoretically-based, well-validated,
multidimensional measure of emotional intelligence, the Mayer–Salovey–Caruso Emotional
Intelligence Test (Mayer, J.D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D.R., 2002. Mayer–Salovey–Caruso
Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT): User's Manual. Multi-Health Systems, Inc., Toronto,
50 schizophrenia outpatients and 39 non-psychiatric controls completed the MSCEIT, a
performance measure comprised of subtests that assess four components (branches) of
emotional intelligence: Identifying, Using, Understanding, and Managing Emotions. Among
patients, associations between MSCEIT scores and measures of clinical symptoms as well
as functional outcome were evaluated.
The MSCEIT demonstrated good psychometric properties in both groups. Schizophrenia
patients performed significantly worse than controls on the total MSCEIT score, and on three
of the four subtests: Identifying, Understanding, and Managing Emotions. Among patients,
lower MSCEIT scores significantly correlated with higher negative and disorganized
symptoms, as well as worse community functioning.
The MSCEIT is a useful tool for investigating emotion processing in schizophrenia.
Individuals with schizophrenia demonstrate deficits across multiple domains of emotion
processing. These deficits have significant links with clinical symptoms of schizophrenia and
with how patients function in their daily lives. Further research is required to understand the
links between emotional intelligence, clinical symptoms, and functional outcome in
Schizophrenia; Emotional intelligence; Emotion processing; Social cognition
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