Final Mini-Methods Paper

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Assignment 2: Final Mini-Methods Paper

In this course you have explored Quantitative, Qualitative and Mixed Method approaches to research. Consider the research question you wrote in Module 1. Now that you have explored each type of methodology, decide which methodology would best answer your question and use this for your final mini-methods paper.

Based on the work you have previously prepared and the feedback you have received from your instructor and your peers, prepare the mini-methods section (including all appendices, such as informed consent, copy of instruments, interview protocol, etc.).

The final paper should not exceed 15 pages, not including the appendices. [NOTE: THE INSTRUCTOR WILL NOT GRADE ANY TEXT AFTER 15 PAGES]. This paper should primarily consist of the work that you developed in Modules 2-5 and modified based on feedback from your instructor and your classmates. For the informed consent, and letters of permission, please refer to the Argosy University IRB handbook or a dissertation example for templates. If something that should be included is missing (for example, the measure you will be using) place a page with the title or topic of the measure and a few sentences about what will be measured.

The paper must include the following components. Use proper headings and Subheadings, as per the current edition of APA guidelines.

1). Introduction, Problem Statement, Purpose, Research Questions and Literature Review including:

  • An introduction to the research topic including the background of your topic.
  • A section about the significance of your topic and why it is important.
  • The purpose of your study, problem statement and your research questions and/or hypotheses.
    • Cite at least 5 references including a minimum of 3 empirical studies for your literature review. Use the literature list you presented in Module 2 Assignment 1, however elaborate on these to present in paragraph form. These paragraphs will be a bit more brief than what you would include in your dissertation proposal, however you should include enough information so they lead up to a logical research question (yours).

2). Methods including:

  • Design: A description of the design of your study covering each relevant aspect included in Modules 3-7.
    • If you adopt a quantitative design, clearly identify the type of design (e.g., quasi-experimental); the primary constructs; and hypotheses to be tested. Justify why you chose this design.
    • If you adopt a qualitative design, clearly identify the approach; (ethnographical, phenomenological, case study, etc.) primary phenomena; and primary research question(s). Justify why you chose this design.
    • A mixed methods design must address both of the above.
  • A description of your proposed study’s accessible population; sampling strategy; and the participants including the number, demographic information, setting, and other relevant information. Be sure this is consistent with the type of design.
  • If you adopt the quantitative method, include a description of your intended instruments including sample questions, reliability measures, and types of measurement.
  • If you adopt a qualitative method, describe your data collection method (interview, observation, document review, focus group, etc.).
    • If you plan to conduct interviews, provide a list of sample interview questions including a rational for each question as to what information the response will provide towards answering your research question.
    • If you plan to conduct an observation, describe who and how you will observe.
  • A description of your data collection strategies and procedures for securing informed consent and collecting data.
  • Address generalizability.

3). Limitations (1–2 pages) in which you discuss the limitations of your study in terms of participants, design, data collection, etc. This is a new contribution to your methods. Please refer to your textbook for examples of limitations.

  • For Quantitative studies, limitations should be discussed in terms of threats to internal and external validity.
  • For Qualitative studies, limitations should be discussed in terms of rigor, credibility and transferability.

4). References—should be included in accordance with APA style.
5). Appendices including data collection instruments when possible, interview protocols, recruiting, or advertising documents, informed consent forms, etc. Use your sample dissertations and Argosy dissertation guide to help you in writing your consent forms. Please note you should not have any formal permissions at this point, but should include a page with a description of what will be included for the proposal (ie permission from schools etc). If measures are not yet available provide a description of potential measures.

Save your document as FINAL_lastname_firstname.doc. By the end of this week, submit your document to the Submissions Area.

All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

Assignment 1 Grading Criteria Maximum Points

Included an Introduction section that addressed the following:

  • Background.
  • Problem statement.
  • Purpose of study.
  • Research question(s) including hypotheses.
  • Significance of the study (i.e., rationale for conducting the study).
  • What are the general demographic characteristics of the target population from which they will be selected (Students? General public? Community? Corporation?)?

15

Developed a Literature Review section that included:

  • An introductory paragraph.
  • A review of at least five empirical studies.
  • Clearly demonstrated how the literature logically leads to the proposed research question.

20

Included a Methods section that addressed the following:

  • Design
  • If you adopt a quantitative design, clearly identify the type of design (e.g., quasi-experimental); the primary constructs; and hypotheses to be tested. Justify why you chose this design.
  • If you adopt a qualitative design, clearly identify the approach; (ethnographical, phenomenological, case study, etc.) primary phenomena; and primary research question(s). Justify why you chose this design.
  • If you adopt a mixed methods design, clearly justify and identify the approach.
  • Participants: accessible population; sampling strategy; and the number, demographics, setting.
  • Data collection instruments or methods.
  • Procedures for securing informed consent and collecting data.

10

Included a Limitations section where you discussed the specific limitations of your study, including design, participants, data collection procedures, etc.

  • For Quantitative studies, limitations should be discussed in terms of threats to internal and external validity.
  • For Qualitative studies, limitations should be discussed in terms of rigor, credibility and transferability.

10

Included an APA-formatted Reference section.

10

Included the appropriate appendices to include:

  • Informed consent forms.
  • Instruments/Interview protocols including interview questions.
  • Other appropriate supporting documents (e.g., recruiting or advertising letter or e-mail; place for agreement letter from school principals to allow collection of data, etc.). Please note you should NOT have any formal permissions at this point, just a placeholder stating this will be included.
  • Procedures for securing informed consent and collecting data.

10

Included appropriate transitions from idea to the next as well as one section to the next to maintain continuity of thought.

10

Displayed accurate APA Style and format by presenting information in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship with accurate in-text citations and references; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

15

Total:

100

Tutor Answer

TutorAR
School: Boston College

Hi, Find attached the paper for your review.Let me know if you need anything edited or changed.Looking forward to working with you in future.Thank you.
Attached.

Running head: FINAL MINI-METHODS PAPER

Final Mini-Methods Paper
Student’s Name
Professor’s Name
Course Title
Date

FINAL MINI-METHODS PAPER

2

A mixed methods approach for establishing the reasons for lack of black males in
leadership positions at the collegiate level
Background
According to a survey by the Pew Research Center, most black Americans have been
through discrimination experiences that are as a result of their ethnicity and race. The survey
established that black Americans that have been through college are more likely to confirm this
as opposed to those that have not been through college (Anderson, 2016). Also, most African
American males have reported of various instances of having people acting suspicious of them
which makes them uncomfortable. These findings are in line with those of Ross, Powell and
Henriksen Jr, (2016) who established that the feelings of psychological distress, micro
aggressions, cultural mistrust and a lower sense of self-worth have pushed so many African
American male students to opt out of higher education. The fact that academic success, higher
self-esteem, academic motivation, and self-efficacy are positively correlated means that the
probability of academic success for most African American male students is significantly
reduced as a result of the depression and a lower self-identity level they go through. This
information is indicative of the lack of black males in leadership positions at the collegiate level,
hence raising the need to investigate why there is this lack and what can be done to ensure that
inclusivity in leadership positions in colleges becomes obvious characteristics in most if not all
colleges.
Problem Statement
As much as there are a number of laws enacted by the United States parliament to
alleviate discrimination and instead promote diversity, there are so many sectors of our economy

FINAL MINI-METHODS PAPER

3

where diversity has not yet been embraced. One such sector is higher education where student
leadership is dominated by only one race with an exception of a few. Given the persistence of
this phenomenon, it is imperative that an investigation is done to establish the reasons behind it
and propose a way forward.
Purpose of the study
The purpose of this concurrent mixed methods research study will be to establish the
reasons for the lack of black males in leadership positions at the collegiate level. The
variables/concepts being examined in this study will be the lack of black males in leadership
positions which is the dependent variable and the reasons for this phenomenon; the independent
variable. The independent variable will be operationalized/defined as stereotypes experienced by
black males. The intervening/control variable will be their lower population in these institutions,
more so the predominantly white institutions. The relationship between these variables will be
measured using both the qualitative and quantitative approaches. The reason for using a mixed
methods design is to get more insight into the problem by getting to understand black males’
experiences and perceptions regarding the research problem.
Research Questions and Hypotheses
Overarching Research Question
What are the reasons for the lack of black males in leadership roles at the collegiate and
University levels?
Specific Research Questions

FINAL MINI-METHODS PAPER

4

1. To what extent do the stereotypes experienced by black males affect their participation in
leadership roles at the collegiate level?
2. What is the perceived effect of stereotypes experienced by black males on their
motivation to seek leadership roles in collegiate and university levels?
Hypotheses
Null Hypothesis 1: The Stereotypes experienced by black males have no significant effect on
their participation in leadership roles at the collegiate level.
Alternative Hypothesis 1: The Stereotypes experienced by black males have a significant effect
on their participation in leadership roles at the collegiate level.
Null Hypothesis 2: The stereotypes experienced by black males have no significant effect on
their motivation to seek leadership positions at the collegiate level.
Alternative Hypothesis 2: The stereotypes experienced by black males have a significant effect
on their motivation to seek leadership positions at the collegiate level.
The significance of the Study
This study will provide an insight into the problem of the lack of black males in
leadership roles at the collegiate and University level, hence create an awareness of their existing
phenomenon that so many people and institutions of higher learning have ignored while offering
solutions as to what should be done to remedy the situation. It is also to transform how students
and other authorities of different racial and ethnic backgrounds interact in higher learning
institutions
General Demographic Characteristics of the Target Population

FINAL MINI-METHODS PAPER

5

The target [population comprises black males above the age of 20 years and are enrolled
in colleges of universities.
Literature Review
Introduction
This research is meant to offer a deeper understanding of the factors that have contributed
to this phenomenon and later provides recommendations for changes that would better
accommodate a sense of inclusivity. Consequently, it showcases the advantages of engaging this
group of people in academic and extracurricular activities that may foster their participation in
leadership roles at the university and collegiate levels. The research question that will aid in this
research is; What are the reasons for the lack of black males in leadership roles at the collegiate
and University levels? The purpose of this literature review is to synthesize the sources and their
contributions towards the topic and place them into specific and unbiased context to foster
understanding of the research question under study. There will also be the identification of an...

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Anonymous
Excellent job

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