Give constructive feedback

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You must also read and respond to at least three other students’ papers no later than Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT. Your responses must be no less than 100 words each.

Give constructive feedback on submissions that have been posted by your classmates, including factual information and/or subjective interpretations. Remarks can include your opinion(s), but must be based on experience, research, and/or prior learning. Use insight gained from this exercise to enhance your ability to analyze other situations you may encounter.

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. Ethics within the criminal justice field Shanetta Green Saint Leo University Ethics is one of the most important philosophies to apply no matter what career field you are in. Applying ethics to our daily life and even our profession, help us to act accordingly to what’s right and wrong, good or bad. It provides us with a way to make moral choices when we are uncertain about what to do in a situation involving moral issues. As a professional in any career path, ethics offer guidelines on how you apply your decision making. Decision making varies depending on the individual and how they were brought up as a child and what they believe in. We all carry a different set of values, but it is important that our foundation is set on knowing what is right or wrong. Philosophers such as Plato have made the argument that ethical behavior is a set of ideas that cannot be taught. Having a strong set of values such as: Integrity, respect, loyalty, compassion, respect for others, accountability, honor, and discretion can lead us into what is right. I want to specifically focus on the criminal justice system and why ethics is so important to this field. The Criminal justice system is defined as the system of law enforcement that is directly involved in apprehending, prosecuting, defending, sentencing, and punishing those who are suspected or convicted of criminal offenses. The system overall maintains its own system of values set apart from any other occupation. One of the key points described in the values of ethics I would like to focus on is, “The study of ethics helps criminal justice professionals quickly recognize the ethical consequences of various actions and the moral principles involved” There are many different professions within the criminal justice system to include; Police Officer, Detective, Attorney, District Attorney/ Prosecuting Attorney, Judge, Probation Officer, and Juror. Part of the duties of each of these professionals ensure that the policies and procedures that surround the law are upheld. Depending on which profession is chosen, ethics play a major role and will govern their interactions with individuals who break the law. Ethics will have an influence on how they proceed to make decisions throughout the process and can affect their interpretation of the law. As a public servant professional, many are forced into many situations that may require life or death decision making within a split second. Providing ethical training for each of these professions is needed to provide proper analytical or reasoning skills. Without training, many law enforcement officers, correctional officers, and legal professionals could find themselves defending their actions. As a Police Officer each day they are faced with making critical decisions. Despite the situation or circumstances surrounding a call for service, they are to always uphold ethical professionalism. It is the police officer’s responsibility to not be biased or discriminate while performing their duties and to ensure that the community and the citizens are safe. It would be highly unethical for a law enforcement officer to assault or threaten an individual into confessing to a crime. Integrity is a strong word to stand on. Integrity is defined as, the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. When the actions of the Police officer violate any rights of an individual or their actions result in any negligence on their part, they can face many consequences. Consequences as minimal as their command writing them up and counseled based on what they have done. They can be taken off their normal duties such as patrol and placed on administrative duty pending an internal investigation through their Internal Affairs division. Consequences more significant such as being terminated or criminally charged can also result in not performing in an ethical manner. If an officer is found to have been negligent in any way not only can criminal charges be brought up against them, but they face being sued civilly. We see many situations all over the world highlighted within the media, how many officers fall into this realm. A realm where the trust is being lost between the citizens that make up the communities and the officer that patrol them. A police officer takes an oath to serve and protect. Unfortunately, through the actions of some, it can be hard to build back up what is torn. Depending on the crime that is committed, it may require the continued investigation from a Detective or Investigator. An Investigator is usually assigned to felony cases. During their investigation their duties include but not limited to searches, interrogations, evidence collection and preservation. While their investigations are being conducted, a suspect may be arrested. They are then interrogated by the investigator. Before doing so, it is ethical for the investigator to inform them of their Miranda rights, such as the right to remain silent during their interactions with them. The investigator must ensure that they understand before proceeding. By informing the arrested individual of his or her civil rights, the officer enables the person to act in his or her own best interest (Tucker 2018). ). Once the facts of the case have been established and the investigator proceed with the case to charge the arrestee, the judicial process begins. Investigators can also face consequences if their ethical responsibilities were not upheld. The investigator cannot threaten the accused to get a confession to the crime that was committed. Once the case goes to trial, they must accurately and honestly testify to the facts of the case. If it is determined that the investigator has not testified truthfully, not only will their reputation as an officer will be tarnished but the integrity of the entire case will come into question. They could face not being able to testify on any other cases and could be suspended or terminated depending on the severity of their actions. Police officers are not the only professionals in the criminal justice system who must abide by ethical guidelines. In every criminal case the role of the judge is to make a fair ruling based on the facts presented in accordance the laws and statutes that apply and the circumstances that surround the case. The jury is expected to consider the facts of the case fairly to determine if the accused is guilt or innocence. The judge and the personnel that make up the jury can also face consequences if they do not follow ethical guidelines. The judge’s ability to oversee the courtroom can come into question. And he or she can face disbarment for unethical practices if it is found that they were operating on biased intentions. Jurors can be asked to leave the panel if they are biased in any way. When we look at defense attorney ethical responsibility, we see that their role is abiding by the guidelines are extremely important. As a defense attorney they may be representing someone that is guilty of a criminal activity. It is the attorney’s duty to represent their client fairly and that their client not provide any false statements. During the court process it can be unethical to make any promises to the client. If this is done the attorney may face consequences such as immediate disbarment and having their practicing license taken away. When it comes to prosecuting attorney’s role in court proceedings it is their responsibility not to convict someone who did not commit the crime alleged. It’s their job to provide accurate and honest testimony pertaining to all the facts of the case. As seen with the other professions, if these duties aren’t upheld they also can face significant consequences to also include disbarment and the potential to have their practicing license taken away. As we look at the many professions surrounding the criminal justice system, each profession plays a significant role in many of lives every day. Working to abide by ethical guidelines will ensure the best approach is always taken. It’s also important to self-check ourselves and to take a second to ask, will my decisions affect my credibility with my profession; Am I confident with the decisions I have made; Do I have a personal agenda behind the decisions I make; and What are the principles that govern my actions. Keeping these questions in mind will help us to perform our duties to the best of our ability. References: Kramer, L (2018) Why is Ethics Important in Criminal Justice? Tucker, K (2018) The Importance of Ethics to the Criminal Justice Practitioner Banks, C. (2017). Criminal Justice Ethics: Theory and practice. Los Angles Ca: SAGE Running Head: CRITICAL ETHICS 1 The importance to train in critical ethics and developing analytical skills in the criminal justice system Written Exercise 1 Pierre Martinez Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice Administration CRJ-530 Dr. Phillip Neely CRITICAL ETHICS 2 Abstract In today’s law enforcement, ethics is vital in making decisions on a daily basis to help solve moral issues and help guide us in the principle of law. Analytical and reasoning skills are essential for every law enforcement professional to understand its job functions and responsibilities when making decisions while on duty. In the critical justice system , it is critical for law enforcement professionals to have leadership and standards, understanding due process, and knowing when to bring a criminal charge to an individual. As it is identified, we will be discussing several reasons why is training needed to develop critical ethics. The importance to train in critical ethics and developing analytical skills in the criminal justice system CRITICAL ETHICS 3 In Criminal Justice, critical ethics is an important process in identifying a correct decision in solving a difficult situation. Many law enforcement agencies are supporting law enforcement professionals in receiving training to develop critical ethics which enhances their analytical and reasoning skills. In addition, according (Banks, 2017,p.4) “Training in critical ethics helps to develop analytical skills and reasoning abilities needed to understand the practical as well as the theoretical aspects of the criminal justice system “(Felkene, 1987). Furthermore, training in critical ethics will ensure law enforcement professionals are gaining more leadership, understanding the principles of due process, and the theory of practical law. The importance of an effective leader in law enforcement by developing critical thinking and ethics to make the correct decisions on duty. Leadership will give the law enforcement the exercise of power and authority with clarity. For example, (Willis, 2011) service, honesty, integrity, humility, and purpose are just a few qualities that is not only needed to be an effective leader but in learning and developing will cultivate law enforcement officers attitude of service and integrity. Also, leadership promotes ethical standards in which leaders take accountability as a way to prove credibility in the department, leading law enforcement officers to have integrity and improving their practices while doing their functions. Moreover, being a leader according to (Carpenter, 2018) its is important to know the ethical policies of the department so law enforcement officers are informed of any new standard or updated policy. Last, leadership creates an environment of integrity, self improvement, discipline, and opportunities for other tasks within the department. Due process is in an important factor in the criminal justice system where law enforcement officers must have the training and the knowledge to understand theoretical and practical legal processes. By understanding due process, law enforcement officers can CRITICAL ETHICS 4 deliberately give a proper report and understand with depth how the court proceedings will go forward in a court law. Furthemore, law enforcement officers must understand in detail with the correct training and development that every citizen has the right to a public trial, they are presumed innocent until proven guilty and the right to assistance to counsel all these rights of part of the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution. Last, according (Banks, 2017p.15, p16) Ethical issues in Criminal Justice and Public Policy, they are many fronts of ethical issues arises and due process is important to understand the current issues of the criminal justices system. Last, it is crucial to write a well written report because based on the law enforcement officials findings, the case can either be dismissed or the accuser can get charge depending on the severity of the crime. Next, in order to be a competent law enforcer officer, the individual must know the basics of the law, policing, and code of ethics. Every law enforcement officer must know the code of ethics of their department and police policies. By implementing more training and understanding the law system and the code of ethics, law enforcement can make correct decisions. In an article cited “Within an agency's code of ethics are specific provisions promoting the safeguarding of lives and property, the importance of avoiding bias and the understanding that the badge is a symbol of the public trust. ( Roufa, 2018) . Police officers and law enforcement officials must always show integrity and understanding of the law. According to the Value of Ethics, by Banks (2017,p.4) In this book, the value of the study of ethics by criminal justice professionals will become apparent as the criminal justice system is analyzed to reveal decision-makers sometimes fail to make the “right” choices or deliberately act unethically in carrying out their functions. Therefore, it is paramount to not jump into conclusions, obtain all the facts, understand the situation before making a decision that can impact the individual’s life or the person’s life. CRITICAL ETHICS 5 In conclusion, The Value of Ethics, the bulleted item that was chosen, cited by (Banks, 2017, p.4) training in critical ethics helps to develop analytical skills and reasoning abilities needed to understand the practical as the theoretical aspects of the criminal justice system. It is the most important aspect for a law enforcement professionals because training in critical ethics, and developing through leadership standards it will make the individual see the broader picture of the situation. Secondly, understanding the legal system and how due process operates in a court proceedings, it will prove that the law enforcement officer is competent and knowledgeable. Also, a law enforcement officer that shows the basics in law and understands the code of ethics of the department, it will prove credibility and dependability amongst his or her superiors that the law enforcement professional can give a proper report of the case without any issues. Last, police officers or law enforcement professionals must know the basics of law, and the code of ethics of their department in order to do their job function. It is crucial for law enforcement to make correct decisions because law enforcement officials are seeing as the representatives and protectors of our communities. References Banks, C. (2017). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. p.4 CRITICAL ETHICS 6 Britannica. (2010). Sixth Amendment | United States Constitution. In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from Fbi, & Dan Willis. (2011, March 1). Principles of Effective Law Enforcement Leadership. Retrieved from s:// Michael carpenter. (2018, September 10). Law Enforcement Leadership September October 2018 | Police and Security News. Retrieved from Roufa, T. (2012, October 12). Learn About Ethics in Law Enforcement and What the Public Expects. Retrieved from Running head: UNDERSTANDING ETHICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE Understanding Ethics in Criminal Justice Cassandra Rollins Saint Leo University CRJ530 – Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice Dr. Phillip Neely, Jr. October 20, 2018 1 UNDERSTANDING ETHICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE Abstract The criminal justice system will have to make life deciding decisions daily in their career field. These decisions need to be thoroughly thought out before delivering the news or information to the recipient. These decisions are all considered moral judgments and will determine if they are good or bad or right or wrong. When law enforcement professionals have proper training, they can minimize all wrong or negative judgment calls. 2 UNDERSTANDING ETHICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE 3 Understanding Ethics in Criminal Justice In the criminal justice society, individuals must make daily decisions of what is right or wrong and what is classified as good or bad. All these actions, thoughts, or judgments are defined as ethics. Ethics falls under every category a person can think of, however, this paper is going to investigate how ethics plays a role in the criminal justice career field. In this paper, I choose to write about how the study of ethics helps criminal justice professionals recognize the ethical consequences of certain activities and the moral principles involved. (Banks, 2017). A law enforcement officer is on patrol must make many decisions or judgment calls involving different scenarios. When the officer makes any call there are moral judgments that process through their minds. An officer also may lack proper judgment calls which can have a negative effect of not only them but bystanders around them. This all references back to how a criminal justice professional recognize ethical consequences. In our reading, there is an example of how professionals use their title to conduct either illegal activity or better themselves by using a lack of judgment by separating their personal and professional lifestyles (Banks, 2017). This can include driving under the influence or attempting to gain a financial advancement based on their professional title. Officers have fallen victims to driving under the influence. This usually occurs in smaller departments where the fellow officer knows if they are stopped they will either just let them go or offer them a ride home. If all officers are properly trained to uphold the law no matter who or what they are dealing with, it will fall under an ethical decision. The drunk officer may harass or demand better treatment because of their title. The arresting officer may also break under pressure and release the driver. If officers are properly trained the officer should be able to properly handle all situations while making ethical sound decisions. If officers are properly using their car surveillance and UNDERSTANDING ETHICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE 4 body cameras, they should have all the proper proof. In Denver, a police officer was on an audio recording telling the fellow officer he deserves better treatment (Stim, 2018). All these examples can all be a personal or social ethics if the arresting officer can follow his training and honor and successfully complete his job. Honor is ensuring an individual is conscious of their self-worth and their corresponding code of behavior is appropriate to their self-esteem while ensuring to follow what they were taught (Roth, 2005). For a person to follow their honor, they must have a personal feeling of self-worthiness and dignity. They must also be able to withhold their decisions when their peers may feel differently. Another ethical decision a law enforcement member may have to ...
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