Assignment: Body / conclusion
Writing Assignment: Using the guidelines and samples, write a fully developed body
paragraph and concluding paragraph for the topic you selected for your thesis paragraph: The
Legalization of Marijuana in the US; Texting while Driving; or the Smoking Ban on Campus.
Assume that you are assigned a 5 page paper on this subject.
Do not write the complete 5 page draft – this exercise requires one body paragraph and one
As these are fairly common topics, use your own ideas and avoid using and abundance of
statistics or outside research.
For this exercise, do not focus heavily on substance or ideas – I am primarily concerned with
organization. Two structurally sound, fully developed paragraphs modeled after one or more
of the samples are all that is required for this assignment.
Your body paragraph should contain what you think is the most important argument for or
against the subject—do not ramble.
Paragraphs should be on one document.
Do not write in first person
Use the guidelines and samples to help you draft your paragraphs.
Be sure to edit for conciseness and wordiness.
Follow MLA formatting guidelines.
Additional guidelines can be found in chapters 3, 4, 5, and 6 in the textbook.
Submit your completed draft through blackboard.
SUPPORTING OR BODY PARAGRAPHS
The supporting or body paragraphs of your essay should focus exclusively on the points raised
by your thesis. In the body of your essay you will present evidence to reinforce your thesis.
Types of evidence (sample topic-alternative families)
Reasons you believe alternative families are / are not a good idea
Examples and details of successful / unsuccessful alternative families
Facts or statistics to support your position on alternative families
A personal experience or anecdote concerning alternative families
Each body paragraph should contain a topic sentence that is written at the beginning or near
the beginning of the paragraph. Whereas the thesis sentence controls the essay, your topic
sentence will control the body paragraph.
Make body paragraphs specific
If your supporting paragraphs are vague, readers will lose interest, remain unconvinced of your
thesis, and have trouble grasping your meaning. On the other hand, paragraphs filled with
concrete, specific details engage readers, lend force to ideas, and clarify meaning. In short,
don’t just tell readers about your ideas, but show them what you are trying to convey.
Provide adequate support
Each supporting paragraph should also have adequate support so that your readers can see
clearly the validity of your topic sentence. An effective supporting paragraph will contain an
assortment of examples, facts, anecdotes, and personal observations.
Words and phrases that ease readers from one idea to another are called transitions.
Below, is a list of some of the more common transitions.
at the same time
in the meantime
despite, even though
on the one (other) hand
in the same way
Cause or Effect
as a result
on the contrary
Summary or Conclusion
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