The solution is attached.The other pd file is a news article on renewable energy as demanded in the assignment.
Which of the following does not involve an increase in the random motion of a system?
The burning of logs
Helium escaping from a balloon
The freezing of water
The exploding of bombs
Which of these does not involve a decrease in the random motion of a system?
The burning of logs
The refrigeration of water
The cooling of hot milk
The condensation of water vapor
The freezing of methanol
In thermodynamics, the substance we are studying is called the _____ and everything else is referred to as
inlet; the outlet
system; the environment
The _____ states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed, only transferred between the system
and its surroundings-.
second law of thermodynamics
first law of thermodynamics
law of entropy conservation
third law of thermodynamics
law of heat conservation
Which of these statements concerning the first law of thermodynamics isincorrect?
A perpetual motion machine cannot exist.
Energy is neither created nor destroyed.
Energy cannot be converted from one form to another.
Chemical energy can be converted to thermal energy.
The total energy of the universe is constant.
The capacity to do work is known as _____.
Which of the following statements about work is incorrect?
Any object possessing energy can perform work.
Work is dependent on the amount of energy available.
Work is a force exerted over some distance.
Work is moving atoms in an orderly fashion.
All of these statements are correct.
Which of the following is not a unit to measure energy?
The amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1oC is known as _____.
Which of the following is/are the correct unit(s) for measuring energy?
I, II, and III
II, III, and IV
II and IV
I, III, and IV
If the normal body temperature is 98.6°F, what is the corresponding temperature in °C?
The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a given amount of a substance by 1°C is known
Which of these statements about exothermic reactions is incorrect?
Exothermic reactions have a negative change in enthalpy.
A chemical cold pack is an example of an exothermic reaction.
Most combustion reactions are exothermic reactions.
All fuels exhibit exothermic properties.
Exothermic reactions release energy to the surroundings.
A reaction that absorbs heat from the surroundings is known as a(n) _____.
exothermic and combustion reaction
endothermic and combustion reaction
Which of the following is true of photosynthesis?
It does not involve a change in energy.
It releases energy and is therefore exothermic.
It releases energy and is therefore endothermic.
It requires energy and is therefore endothermic.
It requires energy and is therefore exothermic.
Which of the following statements about fossil fuels is incorrect?
The energy of fossil fuels is released by combustion reactions.
The energy within fossil fuels was formed as a result of
exothermic reactions in prehistoric plants.
Fossil fuels are primarily hydrocarbons.
Fossil fuels are highly energetic.
The energy within fossil fuels ultimately came from
Which of the following is one of the two largest sources of electrical power in the United States?
Which of the following does not add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere?
Production of iron and steel
Which of the following compounds is capable of binding to hemoglobin in place of oxygen, affecting the
heart and respiratory system
Which of the following compounds can combine with the moisture in the air, resulting in the formation of
Which of the following is a cause of global warming?
Which of the following processes involve(s) a net decrease of entropy?