APA paper. long

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timer Asked: Oct 23rd, 2018
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Question Description

This paper should be APA formatted. I will uploaded a sample to show you what kind of paper I need. The file shows the topic of this paper. This is a important paper. The file shows the topic and half draft. You have to develop the literature review. This part is important.

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Running head: HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA Health System in Africa Institution Affiliation Date 1 HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 2 Abstract Health systems and personal economy of a nation are supposed to proportion directly. It is a known fact that Africa is one of the poor continents about its economic growth. These are factors that closely associate with poor health care that is common across the whole country. It is a problem that affects very many people and is a problem that makes it hard for countries to grow economically because the majority of people are unable to be involved in economic activities. This paper looks into the state of healthcare in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Eritrea and also tries to connect the state of healthcare with the economic productivity of the country. Understanding the healthcare system in these three countries will help one understand the healthcare system that is in Africa as a whole. HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 3 Table of Content Contents Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 2 Table of Content ............................................................................................................................. 3 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 4 Problem Statement .......................................................................................................................... 4 Justification of the study ................................................................................................................. 5 Literature Review............................................................................................................................ 7 HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 4 Introduction Health is the most significant social capital of the continent of Africa, and any other should boast of. Without a healthy and productive population, nations can never be economically stable. Having a health base of citizen provide enormous benefits to nations and continents at large. A nation with a healthy population can grow and develop economic wise than a country with the unhealthy population. In this sense, having a robust health system (organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of people) is Paramount to the development of a country's economy. Most of the countries in Africa have struggled to grow and develop their economy. Africa is one of the improvised continents. Consequently, the health system of most African countries is one of world's worst. This, therefore, calls for research on whether the economic situation of the African society has any relationship with weak health systems. It is therefore essential to determine the relationship between the individual economy and the medical system and how does the two promote each other. Problem Statement Health systems and personal economy of a nation are supposed to proportion directly. This is to mean; a more developed health system of a country means that the personal economy of such a country has to be developed as well. However, this has not been the case in most African countries and particular Kenya, Eritrea, and Ethiopia. The health system in Kenya is poorly developed. The low numbers of doctors and registered nurses compared to the number of patients in healthcare facilities is an example of how the health systems are poorly developed in this nation. The same situation with poor infrastructure is witnessed in Ethiopia and Eritrea. These kinds of health systems, in these three countries: Kenya Ethiopia and Eritrea promotes the culture of unhealthy people who cannot engage in any economic development plans. A need, therefore, HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 5 arises to determine how health systems are interrelated with the personal economy of Kenya, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. Besides, there is also need to analyze the critical role of medical systems in the development of the personal economy, and how an imperfect medical system consumes personal wealth and damages the growth of the individual economy. Justification of the study The topic of the health system and how it is related to economic growth is something that has been subjected to study in many parts of the world. However, researchers of this topic have not explored the issue in Africa and in particular the three countries; Kenya, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. In these three countries, poverty levels are very high. People in this country have been subject to extreme poverty, living below the poverty line as stated by the united nation. After conducting a comprehensive literature review, it is found that this topic has not been covered well in the three countries. Even though there are some previous researches on the causes of poverty in these countries, the effects of the increased poverty have not been established. This has therefore called for research on the interrelation between the health system and the economic development of these economies. Studies on this topic conducted in other areas across Africa have produced contradicting results. Research conducted by Sandefur, & Glassman (2015), on the relationship between healthcare systems and economic development in South Africa found that the link is minimal. Another study carried out in Nigeria found that health is directly proportional to economic growth. This study is therefore conducted to obtain more insights into the health care system and economic development and how they are interrelated to each other in Africa. The three countries being a representation of the African continent. This study will give the accurate picture about such a HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 6 relationship in Africa and can be used by other researchers to and stakeholders to implement some strategies that will ensure the health care system is adequately developed to provide economic development. The topic is not only significant to the field study of the researcher but also to different stakeholders. The findings from the survey will be of great importance to government agencies, health care providers, investors and any other stakeholders who are interested in the economic growth and development of these three countries. The government of these countries and others in the continent will utilize the findings to put measures to ensure the healthcare system stabilizes in due time. The results will also act as a basis that the government will use to identify areas that need improvement, be it research institutes or healthcare facilities. Studying the concept of health care and how it is related to economic development will add up to the knowledge base of the researcher. Carrying the study will equip the researcher on the effectiveness of the healthcare sector in the three countries and Africa in general. More insights on the economies of this nature will be obtained. The researchers will, therefore, expand the knowledge base and the information collected may be used to carry out a different study related to those concepts. HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 7 Literature Review According to (Russo, Bloom & McCoy, 2017), there is a significant dilemma that is currently facing the African continent on the creation of healthcare policy. The continent faces presently many shortcomings that make it impossible to provide the best healthcare to all the people. There is also the constant effort that is produced by different parties to try and solve this problem, but other things often disrupt these efforts. The article looks into the issue of health care in Africa in details and will give me useful information on what is currently wrong and how it can be solved for long-term success in the provision of health care. The resilience of the system as a whole is checked, and the results indicate that there is a need to take more action. Tsegahun Manyazewal and Mokgadi C Matlakala published “Implementing health care reform: implications for performance of public hospitals in central Ethiopia” and it looks into the effects that the process of reforms has on the delivery of medical services to individuals in Ethiopia, the findings is that there are often many disruptions in the supply of equipment and personnel. These are a problem that affects the quality of services delivered, and in some instances, it makes the problems worse than they were before the issues came up. By understanding the impact of the implementation of reforms, the authors argue that it is possible to plan the best strategies to take to help prevent problems. According to (Olapade-Olaopa, Sewankambo & Iputo, 2017), the process of developing healthcare in sub-Saharan Africa needs to move forward very quickly. To achieve this, they suggest the implementation of a policy that allows for the change of role to give more responsibilities to Non-physician Clinicians who can be cheaply and quickly trained to cover the shortage of health care providers in the continent. The article, however, highlights the need to have some essential aspects considered in such a system to guarantee the right quality of HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 8 healthcare is delivered. It can be a solution that can work in most countries in Africa as it can help bridge the gap for healthcare as quickly as possible. The study by (Ciapponi, Lewin, Herrera, Opiyo, Pantoja, Paulsen, Oxman, 2017) reviews many different aspects of health care delivery as well as how it can be delivered in the best possible method. Among the issue are the individuals that are charged with providing care as well as the place that they offer this care. There are also factors such as the working conditions and the use of technology among many other variables. The influence all these factors have in the delivery of care in low-income countries is considered and is measured. All this information will help me understand the impact that various factors have on the distribution of health care in the African countries under consideration in my research. Lastly, (Owili, Hsu, Chern, Chiu, Wang, Huang & Muga, 2015) conducted a research in Kenya on how the issue of resources allocation in the healthcare industry affected the delivery of services. The researchers focused on which perception the healthcare providers had about how funds were allocated to serve different needs of the industry. The effect that this has on the delivery of services is also examined and is found to be considerable. The authors argue that with proper allocation of resources, it is possible to achieve long-term success for all the sectors of healthcare. It is also a factor that can help develop other things considerably noting that most of the needs that providers have will be provided. HEALTH SYSTEM IN AFRICA 9 References Ciapponi, A., Lewin, S., Herrera, C. A., Opiyo, N., Pantoja, T., Paulsen, E., … Oxman, A. D. (2017). Delivery arrangements for health systems in low-income countries: an overview of systematic reviews. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (9), CD011083. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011083.pub2 Manyazewal, T., & Matlakala, M. C. (2018). Implementing health care reform: implications for performance of public hospitals in central Ethiopia. Journal of Global Health, 8(1), 010403. http://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.08.010403 Olapade-Olaopa, E. O., Sewankambo, N. K., & Iputo, J. E. (2017). Defining Sub-Saharan Africa’s Health Workforce Needs: Going Forwards Quickly Into the Past: Comment on" Non-physician Clinicians in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Evolving Role of Physicians". International journal of health policy and management, 6(2), 111. Owili, P. O., Hsu, Y.-H. E., Chern, J.-Y., Chiu, C.-H. M., Wang, B., Huang, K.-C., & Muga, M. A. (2015). Perceptions and Attitudes of Health Professionals in Kenya on National Health Care Resource Allocation Mechanisms: A Structural Equation Modeling. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0127160. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127160 Russo, G., Bloom, G., & McCoy, D. (2017). Universal health coverage, economic slowdown and system resilience: Africa’s policy dilemma. Running head: BODY LANGUAGE 1 Table of Contents Cover page…………………………………………………………………………………...……1 Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 1 Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction and Statement of Problem .......................................................................................... 4 Justifications for the Study.............................................................................................................. 5 How Communication Methods Affect Information Sharing....................................................... 5 Effect of Culture on Body Language ......................................................................................... 6 Organizational Culture and Communication ............................................................................. 7 Cultural Competence .................................................................................................................. 8 Literature Review.......................................................................................................................... 10 Non-verbal Communication among Men .................................................................................. 10 Age of Employees ................................................................................................................. 10 Rank of Employees ................................................................................................................ 11 Non-verbal Communication among Women ............................................................................ 11 Age of Employees ................................................................................................................ 12 BODY LANGUAGE 2 Rank of Employees ................................................................................................................ 12 Non-verbal Communication between Male and Female Employees ........................................ 13 Age of the Employees ........................................................................................................... 13 Rank of the Employees ......................................................................................................... 14 Marital Status of the Employees ........................................................................................... 15 Effects of Body language among different Gender Employees .................................................... 15 Productivity in the Workplace................................................................................................... 16 Appreciation of Authority ........................................................................................................ 16 Summation of the Literature Review .......................................................................................... 17 Proposed Recommendations ....................................................................................................... 18 Remind Employees to Recognize Authority ............................................................................ 19 Encourage Inter-gender Non-verbal Communication .............................................................. 19 Non-verbal Communication that increases productivity .......................................................... 20 Implementation of the Recommendations ................................................................................... 20 Employee Workshops and Seminars on Communication ........................................................ 21 Employee team Building .......................................................................................................... 21 Evaluation and Follow-Up ........................................................................................................... 22 Effects of proposed recommendation on employees ................................................................ 22 Monthly follow-up on work performance of employees affected by recommendations ......... 23 Conclusions .................................................................................................................................. 23 References ..................................................................................................................................... 24 BODY LANGUAGE 3 Abstract Organizations have identified that effective communication is vital for progress and success. Employees have to work together as a team to ensure they can meet their organizational goals and objectives. Communication takes place in different ways where verbal or non-verbal communication might be adopted. As a goal for every company, gender differences should not act as a barrier to organizational success but men and women do have different ways of communicating either verbally or through the use of body language. Understanding the different methods of communication makes it easier for employees to understand each other and thus achieve set goals and objectives. Organizational success depends on effective communication and this is one reason why there should be an understanding of the differences between male and female body language. Effective communication will thus arise from understanding the different ways of communication. Keywords: communication, body language, nonverbal communication, employee communication, inter-genders communication. BODY LANGUAGE 4 Introduction and Statement of Problem Communication takes place in different ways across different work environments. In general, people will communicate through a variety of verbal and nonverbal methods. However, all means of communication are aimed at delivering the intended message to the right people. Men and women have shown differences in the way they communicate within companies. Men may not, in most cases, emphasize body language while most communication among women is through body language (Quilliam, 2009). There is the need to understand when and how the two genders use body language and the meaning of the various movements or facial expressions they make. Most companies focus on becoming successful but this depends in great part on effective communication among personnel within the company. When there is lack of communication it might become hard for the employees to work together and achieve set goals and objectives. The management teams of different companies must try to identify the methods of communication used by employees to ensure that they fit the workplace and that they contribute towards organizational success in the long term. Understanding the difference between the body language used by men and women is vital to organizational success. The need for effective communication BODY LANGUAGE 5 in workplaces requires that the different methods of communication include body language as a way of reducing conflicts in the workplaces. This Capstone Project focuses on factors that affect the quality of verbal and non-verbal communication between male and female middle-management employees in the U.S. and Chinese/Taiwanese companies. From a review of the relevant literature, the following factors: conversational styles, prior incidents of interpersonal conflicts, and differences in communication goals all appear to be important factors. The Capstone Project will conclude with series of recommendations ...
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Good stuff. Would use again.

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