Common Argument Forms

timer Asked: Oct 25th, 2018
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Question description


One of the most common and important argument form is the appeal to authority. For this discussion, you will discuss this argument form, as well as how to use it to improve your reasoning and your life.

In your initial post:

  • Give three examples of appeals to authority (they can be from real source or experiences, or you can make them up). One should be very strong, one very weak, and one in the middle. Evaluate the quality of each.
  • Provide an example of a time in which you or someone you know was fooled by trusting a source that turned out to be unreliable.
  • Provide another paragraph or two in which you discuss appeals to authority in general, by addressing some of these types of questions: How do we know which sources are reliable and trustworthy? Do you find that there are some types of sources of which people are too trusting? How might we learn to display the proper amount of skepticism and trust in relation to sources? Are people too trusting of media sources, and is there a way to overcome these tendencies? How can we make sure those are the best sources and not be deceived by deceptive ones?

Tutor Answer

School: UC Berkeley



Appeals to Authority
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Appeals to Authority

Philosophically speaking, ‘appeals to authority’ is the commonest form of argument: it is
evidenced when an individual claims that something must be true since it has been endorsed by
someone in perceived authority (Woods & Walton, 1982). This sentiment appears quite true
given that human beings are more likely to accept and convey information if it comes from an
authority figure. It is important to note that the term ‘perceived’ has been used intentionally since
the legitimacy of the authority is unguaranteed. This paper explores various scenarios in which
the ‘appeals to authority’ argument form is applied.
Examples of ‘Appeals to Authority’
❖ Nike’s sneakers commercial ...

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Thanks, good work

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