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please pick 2 questions to answer and each answer should be 1and half page long, so 2 questions 3 pages in total.

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ST 3911 (Fall 2018): TAKE-HOME MIDTERM ease answer two (2) of the following, supporting your response with reference to the historical widence. Responses are due 2 November. 1. What key developments account for the emergence of the US as a major Pacific power at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century? 2. America's initial plans for a postwar order in East Asia did not work out. To what degree, and what ways, did those plans nonetheless have a lasting impact on the region after 1945? 3. How, and how significantly, did US immigration policy shape its relations with East Asia prior to WWII? 4. What was the Open Door policy? To what degree did it define a special relationship between the US and China? 5. Despite its distance and its modest international posture in the mid-19th century, it was the US which forced open Japan both diplomatically and economically. Why and how did it do so? 6. What were the key elements of the Washington system? What were the forces primarily responsible for its unravelling? 7. Scholars have described US policy in East Asia as having been shaped by a treaty port constituency of merchants, missionaries, and diplomats. How and to what degree did each of these groups shape American policy toward Asia before 1898? 8. In 1931-2 and after 1937, US sympathies seem to have been with China, yet US willingness to intervene was nil. What forces constrained US actions in East Asia during the 1930s? What led to the relaxation of these constraints in the early 1940s? 9. How did American experience of East Asia between 1937 and 1945 shape American policy in the immediate postwar years? 000 30 000 F4 II F3 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10
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Running head: CHOOSING TWO QUESTIONS

Choosing Two Questions
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How and how significant did US immigration policy shape its relations with East Asia prior
to WWII?
Development of Policies
The migration to the United States (US) before and after the Second World War differed
significantly with the earlier immigration patterns between the 19th and 20th centuries (Omi &
Winant, 2014). The number of immigrants to the US from some countries such in the East region
of Asia increased dramatically before the Second World War. The United States started to take
steps of barring immigration from Asia during the beginning of the later nineteenth century. The
United States used immigration policy to reduce the rate of migration to the country. The nation
established national origin quota system during the development of the Immigration Act of 1924
to narrow down the entryway of the central and the eastern Europeans that led to Western Europe
becoming the major source of immigrants.
The significance of the Policies
The immigration policy developed shaped the ethnic and racial profile of the American
people before 1945 (Hook & Spanier, 2018). Change signs started to emerge before and after the
Second World War. The recruitment of temporary worker for the agricultural farms from Mexico
resulted to an influx of the Mexican people, whereby the repeal of the exclusion laws of Asia
opened the entry of the immigrants from Asia to the United States.
Termination of the Policies
As a way to respond to the complex international politics in the Cold War period, the
united states developed a series of policies regarding refugees, thus accepting the refugees from
Southeast Asia, the western hemisphere and Europe. Since the immigration of people to the US
was minimal before World War II, the policies developed led to the increase of immigrants after
the war, particularly after 1965. The increase in the number of immigrants was due to the

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termination of the national origin quota system that was developed to cut down the entry rate of
immigrants. The intriguing and intricate history of the immigration of the United States after
1945, therefore, shows the nation was associated with the fast-changing world. The immigration
policies that were less restrictive increased the American population’s fluidity with a significant
impact on domestic policy and American identity. Therefore, the relationship between the United
States and the East Asian decreased after enactment of the national origin quota system among
other immigration policies that minimized the number of immigrants entering the United States
before the World War II. The relationship increased later after the Second World War after the
immigration policies were withdrawn.
What was the Open Door policy? To what degree did it define a special relationship
between the US and China?
Open Door policy
An Open Door policy refers to a principle statement that was introduced by the US
between 1899 and 1900 to protect equal privileges in nations that traded with China and to
support Chinese administration and territorial integrity. The statement was developed in a
circular notes form that dispatched by John Hay, the United States Secretary to Germany, Great
Britain, Japan, France, Russia, and Italy (Hayhoe, 2016). The Open Door statement was
welcomed by several nations for approval and remained as a foreign policy cornerstone for
American in East Asia for over 40 years.
The special relationship between the US and Chin...


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