Assessment from a Multicultural and Ethical Perspective

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Counselors assess many areas of an individual, including behavior, cognition, personality, intelligence, and achievement. Within each of these areas are specific constructs. Constructs are underlying aspects or traits of an individual, such as anxiety, hostility, motivation, intelligence, self-esteem, creativity, and many more. Many assessment instruments examine these areas and their related constructs. As a future counselor, you must be familiar with bothformal and informal assessment instruments, including how, when, and why they are used, as well as the range of possible outcomes of each (i.e., possible scores). You must also be aware of how ethical standards and multicultural guidelines influence which assessment instruments should be used. Your familiarity with assessment instruments allows you to create a personal toolbox of instruments to use in your future counseling practice.

Post by Day 3 a brief description of the client and counseling issue he or she might present. Then, identify a formal or informal assessment instrument that you might use to assess this individual. Finally, explain why the instrument you selected is appropriate from a multicultural and ethical perspective.

Running Head: ASSESMENT FROM A MULTICULTURAL AND ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE1 Assessment from a Multicultural and Ethical Perspective Institutional Affiliation Student’s Name ASSESSMENT FROM A MULTICULTURAL AND ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE 2 Julie Robertson was self-referred to this counseling center. Julie is a 24 y/o IrishAmerican student enrolled in a Master’s program in Humanities. She was birthed and nourished in Australia but moved here for further studies. She self-identifies as middle-class and dwells alone in an off-campus studio-apartment opposite the university. This client has availed herself for therapy for support in dissolving a physically abusive relationship. She reports that regardless of having broken up seven months ago, contact is continued which includes physical intimacy. She alleges that “he continually discerns when (she is) lonely or susceptible, then proceeds to call or meet up. For this client, I will utilize the informal assessment technique. This is because it will give me an opening to assess Julie’s behaviors, beliefs, and items such as school records or personal journals. This information will be useful as it will offer me a perspective of the client’s general thought process, and personal views (Fawcett, 2014). Additionally, an informal assessment method will enable me to conduct a multidimensional survey of her actions, thoughts, feelings, biology, social systems, interpersonal patterns, and culture. Through these techniques, I will be capable of measuring Julie’s current and progressive skills over time. Furthermore, another advantage of utilizing informal methods is that they are less intrusive (Fawcett, 2014). Assessment incorporates the utilization of numerous procedures to establish a valuation; an ethical and multicultural evaluation invokes the cultural context in which the evaluation is executed, namely, one in which individuals of unique cultures interact (Sue, 1990). The instrument I selected is appropriate from an ethical and multicultural perspective because one, my client comes from a different background (Irish-American) and her experiences may vary from those of White clients. A multicultural and ethical perspective offers an accurate and ASSESSMENT FROM A MULTICULTURAL AND ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE 3 informed perceptive of cognition, behaviors, and affects from individuals from unique cultural and ethical backgrounds (Ivey, 1997). Additionally, my preferred instrument is appropriate from an ethical and multicultural perspective since ethics underpin actions and determine choices (Haverkamp, 2005). ASSESSMENT FROM A MULTICULTURAL AND ETHICAL PERSPECTIVE 4 References Haverkamp, B. E. (2005). Ethical perspectives on qualitative research in applied psychology. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(2), 146. Ivey, A. E. (1997). Counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective. Allyn & Bacon. Kelly, D. R. (2016). Multicultural Perspectives on Race, Ethnicity, and Identity. Neukrug, E., & Fawcett, R. (2014). Essentials of testing and assessment: A practical guide for counselors, social workers, and psychologists. Nelson Education. Sue, D. W., Arredondo, P., & McDavis, R. J. (1992). Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession. Journal of Counseling & Development, 70(4), 477486.

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School: University of Virginia


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