SOC313 Ashford Week 2 A Cancer Patient Health Issues Case Paper

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Grandmother Ella has had cancer for years now and has followed alternative remedies from the time she was first diagnosed. Ella had a period of remission; however, the cancer returned and has metastasized to her bones, liver, and lungs. She is in the hospital after collapsing from weakness. She is being released from the hospital as she wishes to spend her last days and months at home. Ella has her preferences for care, though she is now so weak that she has given up in many ways. The family members are each experiencing their own fears and are grieving as they face the loss that will occur when Ella’s life ends. Ella feels stressed by the discord and discomfort of family members.

Provide a detailed introductory paragraph that summarizes your topic and includes a succinct thesis statement. Outline each of the topics and subtopics and discuss how they pertain to the questions noted in the instructions.

The second half of this assignment is an annotated bibliography for five scholarly sources. For each source, provide a complete reference in APA format, a brief description, and a rational statement that explains how it is pertinent to your paper and supports your findings.

Writing the Final Paper Outline and Annotated Bibliography
This assignment:

  • Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length, not including title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
  • Must include a title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must include all the required topics and subtopics from the Final Paper requirements. Each section must include four to five sentences to explain initial thoughts on the subtopic.
  • Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  • Must use five scholarly sources, in addition to the text (six total). Three of the sources must be from the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center

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RUNNING HEADER: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 1 Title of Assignment Student’s name Course Code (e.g., SOC313) Instructor’s name Date, written out fully (e.g., January 1, 2000) ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 2 NOTES: Please use this document to create the outline for the final paper. Once you get the outline started, you will continue using the same outline to complete the final paper. Please note: you need to cover the material in the assignment directions. The details below are offered to help you better understand some of the more challenging segments of the directions. These details do not fully include each part of the directions; they are just a start. For the outline, please add three to five sentences for each section. The final will be fully developed to meet a minimum of eight pages of written material, not including the cover page or reference page. Introduction Explain Ella’s situation in your own words. Add a thesis statement. You may want to use the Thesis Generator in the AU Writing Center. When using the generator, enter your information as requested, click submit, the page does NOT refresh, scroll down for possible options. Current Research This section requires students to do research on end of life care for people in Ella’s situation. Your focus should be on both Western Medicine options and alternative care options. You also will want to review the requirements of Hospice and services they offer. Cultural Issues This segment asks you to consider Ella’s culture, personal beliefs, use of complementary and alternative medicine, as well as how these influence the care she receives from Western medicine providers. Also within this segment you will address the subtopics listed under item 2. The first section covers the different possible scenarios. You will cover all three of the scenarios in your work. The second subtopic asks you to consider Ella’s biological basis for care. There are several great articles in the AU Library/EBSCOHost database related to this topic. Cunningham, S. (1996). Clinical. The biological basis of cancer. British Journal Of Nursing, 5(14), 869-874. Biological Basis for Cancer Treatment. (1993). Annals of Internal Medicine, 118(8), 633. Islam, N. (2012). New age orientalism: Ayurvedic ‘wellness and spa culture.’ Health Sociology Review, 21(2), 220-231. In addition, listed below is a website link that will assist you in completing this segment: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 3 Herman, C. (2012, November). Challenges and opportunities for social workers in hospice and palliative care. Practice Perspectives. Retrieved from vecare.pdf Micro, meso, and macro influences Sections 1.3, 1.5, and 2.1 in our textbook address these levels and the individuals involved at each level. Additionally, the Week 1 Instructor Guidance includes information for the three developmental theories. First, you will consider family relationships (both ways – how does Ella’s role influence her family and how does Ella’s family influence her psychological and physical well-being?). Then, you will consider the people in the neighborhood and extended family. Finally, you will research your community or closest major community to determine what services are available for someone in Ella’s situation. For this outline, you will list the services you find. In your final paper, you will list the services you think Ella needs, discuss what is covered by the services available, and analyze how well the services might meet Ella’s needs when she returns home. Relevant medical issues You will need to research end of life medical issues for a cancer patient. Consider which might be better for Ella: staying in the hospital or dying at home. Psychological and social issues Ella’s family all have different health concerns. This section asks you to consider how each individual’s health concerns are more pronounced during a stressful experience. How does Ella’s situation affect the entire family? Diversity: perspectives and influences How does Ella’s cultural heritage influence the care she may receive either in the hospital or at home? How might her family members’ behaviors influence the care and services she receives? Lifespan development of the family Section 2.2 of our textbook covers the different phases of development across the lifespan. You may want to review this segment in order to consider the age of the family members and how their age influences the way they view Ella’s illness based on the listed perspectives. References: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 4 Need help with the layout of references in APA format? Be sure to look at the APA Made Easy document from the Ashford University Writing Center. This will assist you in identifying verbatim (word-for-word) material with quotation marks, a citation, and a corresponding reference. Summarized and paraphrased material gets a citation and a corresponding reference. The layout of your Annotated Bibliography should look like this: Reference in APA style: Chow, E., Foster, H., Gonzalez, V., and McIver, L. (2012). The disparate impact of diabetes on racial/ethnic minority populations. Retrieved from: Analysis: In your own words, provide a summary of the material. This will be approximately five sentences/one paragraph long. Evaluation: Discuss how the information will add to your final project. Is it in support of your thoughts and research? Does it give an opposing view that will give you room to argue against? What purpose does it have in relation to your work? This segment is also in your own words. Final Paper directions Grandmother Ella has had cancer for years now and has followed alternative remedies from the time she was first diagnosed. Ella had a period of remission; however, the cancer returned and has metastasized to her bones, liver, and lungs. She is in the hospital after collapsing from weakness. She is being released from the hospital as she wishes to spend her last days and months at home. Ella has her preferences for care, though she is now so weak that she has given up in many ways. The family members are each experiencing their own fears and are grieving as they face the loss that will occur when Ella’s life ends. Ella feels stressed by the discord and discomfort of family members. For this final assignment, you are the social worker for this case. You meet this family in the hospital setting. You learn that Ella wants to return home with care from the Hospice nurse and health aide. Ella’s husband also wants her to return home; however, several of her children and their spouses want Ella to remain in the hospital or move to a nursing home so she gets professional care. ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 5 For this assignment, you will: 1. Synthesize the current research that is relevant to this scenario. Discuss the current practices for end-of-life care from the perspectives of Western Medicine Model as well as the Complementary and Alternative Model. 2. Comprehensively discuss the cultural and/or traditional issues that could arise at this time. Consider how the integration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine and beliefs, mainstream medical practices, and cultural/traditional rituals and practices might create issues and what they might include. o Describe how the family might react to each of the following possible scenarios: ▪ Ella wishes to continue the Complementary and Alternative practices. ▪ Ella is coerced into following mainstream medical advice. ▪ Ella’s husband, Joe, insists that, as father and husband, his family traditions should be followed. o Examine the biological basis for care and describe how the choices for care might affect the other family members with respect to their individual problems, if at all. ▪ Son Sam, the alcoholic ▪ Daughter Lila, with Type II diabetes ▪ Grandson Josh, starting to have drug problems ▪ Granddaughter Lucy, bipolar with more entrenched drug problems ▪ Daughter-in-law, Sarah’s stress related to her family’s medical issues (son with leukemia and brother with HIV) 3. Discuss the micro, meso, and macro influences affecting both the patient and the diverse family members in this scenario as impacted by Ella’s medical condition and prognosis. o What are the pertinent and likely family (micro) conflicts and differences, and concerns that could be encountered? o How is the neighborhood and extended family (meso) reacting to the situation? o Using your local area, research and discuss two community resources (macro) that support Ella’s needs for care and/or improve her quality of life. Evaluate the ability of these community resources to meet the needs of this diverse family’s circumstances adequately. 4. Discuss the relevant medical issues and the advantages and disadvantages of hospital versus home. In this case, when discussing medical issues use appropriate medical terminology. 5. Discuss the psychological and social issues that are present and will possibly be more pronounced at this stressful time. How has the fact that this illness has been ongoing (chronic) affected the family? 6. Analyze the current scenario as it pertains to diversity, as well as to cultural, psychological, and social perspectives and influences, taking into account the stories that you have been discussing throughout the course. 7. Discuss the impact of lifespan development on the perspectives of the various members of the family (i.e., their intellect, cognitive abilities, insight, and judgment) ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE 6 as well as their sociocultural perspectives, preferences, understandings, and positions on the situation. The Final Paper • Must be 8 to 10 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center • Must include a separate title page with the following: o Title of paper o Student’s name o Course name and number o Instructor’s name o Date submitted • Must use five scholarly sources in addition to the course text (six total) • Must document all sourced material in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center • Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center SOC313 Family Document Throughout this class, we will meet two families, the Maldonado’s and the Olson’s. The two families are considered extended family via Sarah and Joe Miller. We will learn about their relationships, work environments, and the psychosocial effects related to health challenges faced by each family. You will use this document for the discussions and written assignments. We begin with the Maldonado family. Manny and Donna Maldonado have been married for 42 years. Manny is age 65 and Donna is 63. Sarah, Mike and Becky are the children of Manny and Donna Maldonado. Sarah is the eldest daughter, followed by her brother, Mike, and her sister, Becky.   Manny is Hispanic American and owns a 20,000-acre produce farm that has been in his family for three generations. Although Manny speaks and understands English, he prefers to speak Spanish. This creates a language barrier between Manny and other family members who do not speak Spanish. Donna is fluent in Spanish, having learned the language from Manny and his family. Donna works on the farm with her husband. She has long suffered from mood swings, which is mostly frustrating to Manny. He says it is “brujeria,” meaning her moods are caused by witchcraft and “mal d ojo” or “evil eye.” He believes someone put a spell on Donna. When this is believed to be the case, the person will visit a Curandero (healer) who will perform a healing ritual. o Sarah works as a nurse, and recently took Family Leave of Medical Absence (FMLA) due to her children’s recent issues. o Joe is the President of Illusion Technologies. Joe’s parents are John and Ella Miller. More details about Joe are shared in the Olson family section below.  Lucy, age 20, has a history of severe substance use disorder, along with having been diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In the past two years, Lucy has had four different jobs. o o o She is unable to hold a job long-term. She now works on her grandparent’s produce farm.  Josh, age 17, has been sneaking away with friends, smoking marijuana and skipping school.  Evan, age 10, was recently diagnosed with leukemia; however, he has not yet started treatments. Evan’s doctors have recommended chemotherapy, radiation, and a bone marrow transplant. Sarah and Joe intend to follow this treatment plan. Mike Maldonado is age 36. He currently works for a state University as a tenured faculty of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Mike was recently diagnosed with HIV. Dan was Mike’s husband. He recently passed away at the age of 38 due to an AIDS-related illness. They were married for 10 years. Mike and Dan did not have any children. Becky is age 33. She is divorced and working on the family produce farm as well as attending a local college at night to complete her bachelor’s degree in Child Psychology. She has one child, Abe.  Abe is age 12. He is a good student, but his behavior has changed recently, showing anger and defiance towards both of his parents and several teachers at school. His mother, Becky, has been treating Abe’s behavioral changes with diet and alternative medicines. Next, we will meet the Olson family. Frederic Olson was married to Mary Olson. Mary passed away 10 years ago at the age of 77. Frederic is age 87. Ella is the only child of Frederic and Mary Olson.   Fredric has pronounced symptoms from Parkinson’s disease. He has tremors and balance problems, along with muscle stiffness and gait (manor of walking) changes. He struggles to begin any movement. However, once he is moving, he cannot stop easily. His gait has changed to smaller steps and shuffling. As he progresses through the stages of the disease, Frederic needs increasing assistance with his activities of daily living (ADLs), which entails bathing, dressing, food preparation, eating, taking medications, et cetera. He recently moved to an Assisted Living community and only leaves the facility for medical appointments. The family visits Grandpa Frederic on an alternating schedule at his new home every week. The Assisted Living community has regularly scheduled social events in which Grandpa Frederic actively participates. o Ella is married to John Miller. Ella and John are both 70 years old. John and Manny Maldonado are best friends. Ella and Manny grew up together on their neighboring farms. Ella and John recently sold their 10,000-acre farm to the Maldonado family since the two farms were adjacent to each other. o Ella has been trying to heal herself from breast cancer using a variety of natural means. She grew up on a farm and was accustomed to using home remedies. Therefore, Ella is not willing to utilize Western medicine practices. o While the alternative health care methods kept Ella in remission for a few years, recently she learned the cancer has returned. In addition, the cancer has metastasized to her lungs and bones. Ella has chosen to forego Western medical treatment options such as chemotherapy, radiation, and pharmacological breast cancer treatment medications. She has requested to live out her last days at home. Ella has agreed to be admitted to Hospice home care, with John as her primary caregiver. Ella and John are seeking quality palliative end of life care. o John, Ella’s husband, is of Native American origin. He is well educated and uses Western medicine, but relies heavily on Native American methods, such as meditation and banishing bad spirits from their home. John speaks fluent Spanish, having learned the language as a child. o John is an attorney for the Maldonado produce farm and his son’s company, Illusion Technologies. o John and Ella’s children are Sam, age 50, Lila, age 45, and Joe, age 43.  Sam is divorced and has no children. He works as a foreman on the Maldonado produce farm. He is an alcoholic and has been diagnosed with severe substance use disorder due to his alcohol addiction. His alcohol use is affecting his position as the foreman. Over the past few months, he has experienced emotional outbursts, missed work, and started arguments with the workers, third-party wholesalers, and Al Goldberg (Olson family).     Sam has been upset that his parents sold the family farm to the Maldonado family instead of passing it down to him. Lila, age 47, is married to Al Goldberg. She is a Social Worker for the state. Her job is very stressful as her caseload includes at-risk children. There is a great deal of documentation required; therefore, she works many 10 to 12 hour days. Lila is overweight and has Type II diabetes. She has not controlled her weight or diabetes well. Recently, her doctor changed her medication. She is now taking daily insulin injections to help manage her diabetes. Al, age 47, Lila’s husband, is the general manager of the Maldonado family produce farm. Al had first option for buying the Olson family farm. He opted out of purchasing the farm and agreed with the sale to the Maldonado family. He has no known health issues; however, due to an early childhood trauma, he is afraid of hospitals and funeral homes.  Alisha is Lila and Al’s only child. She is 20 years old and is currently attending college full time on a nursing scholarship. The college campus is an hour away from her parent’s home. She lives on campus in the dorms, does not work at this time, and has no known health problems. Joe, who is Sarah (from the Maldonado family) Miller’s husband, is the President of Illusion Technologies, a rapidly growing company with 50 employees. He has a patent pending on two security-based software programs that could be worth millions. He and his father are in negotiations to purchase land to build a state-of-the-art office building. Sarah, Joe’s wife, is a nurse and recently took a Family Medical Leave of Absence (FMLA) due to the health and behavioral problems with her children. Details about Joe and Sara’s children are shared in the Maldonado family section. The family members share a long history of friendship and love of farming. They have shared many life events, such as holidays, births, and deaths. Their families have been intertwined for generations through the raising of the children and grandchildren. For the most part, the families get along well. However, even though they share some of the same cultural traditions and backgrounds, they do clash from time to time. For instance, some of the Olson family members are not in full agreement with Ella’s use of home remedies and alternative treatments for her breast cancer. However, the Maldonado family understands and supports her choices. Further, Ella is encouraging Sarah Miller and Mike Maldonado to pursue Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) to treat Evan’s leukemia and Mike’s HIV. The members of both families are dealing with very busy schedules and major health challenges.
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Explanation & Answer



A Cancer Patient’s End of Life
Student’s name
Course Code (e.g., SOC313)
Instructor’s name
Date, written out entirely (e.g., January 1, 2000)




Cancer is still one of the dangerous diseases however when detected early it can be
treated. It is sad that after diagnoses, Ella did not get the necessary treatment and the disease has
advanced to the last stage. Nothing can be done at this stage and she has decided to choose an
end of life plan. She has chosen dying at home and her decision has some repercussions but the
advantages overwhelm them. Dying at home, as an end of life plan for cancer patients, has more
positive effects than negative to both the individual suffering and those around them.
Current Research
Ella’s cancer has spread to other vital organs of her body, and nothing can be done to
prevent or stop it. The chances of surviving for long are meager. There is no western medicine or
any other alternative that can be used for treatment, but there are medications that can be
administered to a patient to slow the growth rate of cancer and to alleviate and manage the pain
and symptoms (Gospodarowicz et al, 2017). Ella has decided to spent her last day at home
However, luck enough for patients like Ella in this condition are eligible to hospice care as the
situation has been confirmed as terminal and she has a prognosis less than six months with the
way the cancer is advancing (Heyland et al., 2006).
Cultural Issues
Ella's husband and other of the older family members are not only superstitious but they
also only believe natural remedies as the only reliable source of treatment. They do not trust
western medicine. It is why after she was diagnosed with breast cancer, she did not adopt modern
methods. They believe that natural and traditional remedies are the sure cure (Heyland et al.,



2006). On the other generation are more inclined to advocate for the adoption of complementary
and alternative practices.
Examine the biological basis for care and describe how the choices for care might affect
the other family members with respect to their individual problems,
Ella's family members who are medically ill will be affected more by her condition. For
example, her granddaughter Lucy, son Sam, and grandson Josh all have a substance abuse
problem. Due to the stress they may experience they will probably abuse drugs (Post & Kalivas,

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