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Title of Assignment
Course Code (e.g., SOC313)
Date, written out fully (e.g., January 1, 2000)
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NOTES: Please use this document to create the outline for the final paper. Once you get the
outline started, you will continue using the same outline to complete the final paper. Please
note: you need to cover the material in the assignment directions. The details below are offered
to help you better understand some of the more challenging segments of the directions. These
details do not fully include each part of the directions; they are just a start.
For the outline, please add three to five sentences for each section. The final will be fully
developed to meet a minimum of eight pages of written material, not including the cover page or
Explain Ella’s situation in your own words. Add a thesis statement. You may want to use the
Thesis Generator in the AU Writing Center. When using the generator, enter your information
as requested, click submit, the page does NOT refresh, scroll down for possible options.
This section requires students to do research on end of life care for people in Ella’s situation.
Your focus should be on both Western Medicine options and alternative care options. You also
will want to review the requirements of Hospice and services they offer.
This segment asks you to consider Ella’s culture, personal beliefs, use of complementary and
alternative medicine, as well as how these influence the care she receives from Western medicine
Also within this segment you will address the subtopics listed under item 2. The first section
covers the different possible scenarios. You will cover all three of the scenarios in your work.
The second subtopic asks you to consider Ella’s biological basis for care. There are several great
articles in the AU Library/EBSCOHost database related to this topic.
Cunningham, S. (1996). Clinical. The biological basis of cancer. British Journal Of
Nursing, 5(14), 869-874.
Biological Basis for Cancer Treatment. (1993). Annals of Internal Medicine, 118(8), 633.
Islam, N. (2012). New age orientalism: Ayurvedic ‘wellness and spa culture.’ Health
Sociology Review, 21(2), 220-231.
In addition, listed below is a website link that will assist you in completing this segment:
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Herman, C. (2012, November). Challenges and opportunities for social workers in
hospice and palliative care. Practice Perspectives. Retrieved from
Micro, meso, and macro influences
Sections 1.3, 1.5, and 2.1 in our textbook address these levels and the individuals involved at
each level. Additionally, the Week 1 Instructor Guidance includes information for the three
developmental theories. First, you will consider family relationships (both ways – how does
Ella’s role influence her family and how does Ella’s family influence her psychological and
physical well-being?). Then, you will consider the people in the neighborhood and extended
Finally, you will research your community or closest major community to determine what
services are available for someone in Ella’s situation. For this outline, you will list the services
you find. In your final paper, you will list the services you think Ella needs, discuss what is
covered by the services available, and analyze how well the services might meet Ella’s needs
when she returns home.
Relevant medical issues
You will need to research end of life medical issues for a cancer patient. Consider which might
be better for Ella: staying in the hospital or dying at home.
Psychological and social issues
Ella’s family all have different health concerns. This section asks you to consider how each
individual’s health concerns are more pronounced during a stressful experience. How does
Ella’s situation affect the entire family?
Diversity: perspectives and influences
How does Ella’s cultural heritage influence the care she may receive either in the hospital or at
home? How might her family members’ behaviors influence the care and services she receives?
Lifespan development of the family
Section 2.2 of our textbook covers the different phases of development across the lifespan. You
may want to review this segment in order to consider the age of the family members and how
their age influences the way they view Ella’s illness based on the listed perspectives.
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Need help with the layout of references in APA format? Be sure to look at the APA Made Easy
document from the Ashford University Writing Center. This will assist you in identifying
verbatim (word-for-word) material with quotation marks, a citation, and a corresponding
reference. Summarized and paraphrased material gets a citation and a corresponding reference.
The layout of your Annotated Bibliography should look like this:
Reference in APA style:
Chow, E., Foster, H., Gonzalez, V., and McIver, L. (2012). The disparate impact of diabetes on
racial/ethnic minority populations. Retrieved from:
In your own words, provide a summary of the material. This will be approximately five
sentences/one paragraph long.
Discuss how the information will add to your final project. Is it in support of your thoughts and
research? Does it give an opposing view that will give you room to argue against? What
purpose does it have in relation to your work? This segment is also in your own words.
Final Paper directions
Grandmother Ella has had cancer for years now and has followed alternative remedies from
the time she was first diagnosed. Ella had a period of remission; however, the cancer
returned and has metastasized to her bones, liver, and lungs. She is in the hospital after
collapsing from weakness. She is being released from the hospital as she wishes to spend her
last days and months at home. Ella has her preferences for care, though she is now so weak
that she has given up in many ways. The family members are each experiencing their own
fears and are grieving as they face the loss that will occur when Ella’s life ends. Ella feels
stressed by the discord and discomfort of family members.
For this final assignment, you are the social worker for this case. You meet this family in the
hospital setting. You learn that Ella wants to return home with care from the Hospice nurse
and health aide. Ella’s husband also wants her to return home; however, several of her
children and their spouses want Ella to remain in the hospital or move to a nursing home so
she gets professional care.
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For this assignment, you will:
1. Synthesize the current research that is relevant to this scenario. Discuss the current
practices for end-of-life care from the perspectives of Western Medicine Model as
well as the Complementary and Alternative Model.
2. Comprehensively discuss the cultural and/or traditional issues that could arise at this
time. Consider how the integration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine and
beliefs, mainstream medical practices, and cultural/traditional rituals and practices
might create issues and what they might include.
o Describe how the family might react to each of the following possible
▪ Ella wishes to continue the Complementary and Alternative practices.
▪ Ella is coerced into following mainstream medical advice.
▪ Ella’s husband, Joe, insists that, as father and husband, his family
traditions should be followed.
o Examine the biological basis for care and describe how the choices for care
might affect the other family members with respect to their individual
problems, if at all.
▪ Son Sam, the alcoholic
▪ Daughter Lila, with Type II diabetes
▪ Grandson Josh, starting to have drug problems
▪ Granddaughter Lucy, bipolar with more entrenched drug problems
▪ Daughter-in-law, Sarah’s stress related to her family’s medical issues
(son with leukemia and brother with HIV)
3. Discuss the micro, meso, and macro influences affecting both the patient and the
diverse family members in this scenario as impacted by Ella’s medical condition and
o What are the pertinent and likely family (micro) conflicts and differences, and
concerns that could be encountered?
o How is the neighborhood and extended family (meso) reacting to the
o Using your local area, research and discuss two community resources (macro)
that support Ella’s needs for care and/or improve her quality of life. Evaluate
the ability of these community resources to meet the needs of this diverse
family’s circumstances adequately.
4. Discuss the relevant medical issues and the advantages and disadvantages of hospital
versus home. In this case, when discussing medical issues use appropriate medical
5. Discuss the psychological and social issues that are present and will possibly be more
pronounced at this stressful time. How has the fact that this illness has been ongoing
(chronic) affected the family?
6. Analyze the current scenario as it pertains to diversity, as well as to cultural,
psychological, and social perspectives and influences, taking into account the stories
that you have been discussing throughout the course.
7. Discuss the impact of lifespan development on the perspectives of the various
members of the family (i.e., their intellect, cognitive abilities, insight, and judgment)
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as well as their sociocultural perspectives, preferences, understandings, and positions
on the situation.
The Final Paper
• Must be 8 to 10 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference
pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing
• Must include a separate title page with the following:
o Title of paper
o Student’s name
o Course name and number
o Instructor’s name
o Date submitted
• Must use five scholarly sources in addition to the course text (six total)
• Must document all sourced material in APA style as outlined in the Ashford
• Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style
as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center
SOC313 Family Document
Throughout this class, we will meet two families, the Maldonado’s and the Olson’s. The two families are
considered extended family via Sarah and Joe Miller. We will learn about their relationships, work
environments, and the psychosocial effects related to health challenges faced by each family. You will
use this document for the discussions and written assignments. We begin with the Maldonado family.
Manny and Donna Maldonado have been married for 42 years. Manny is age 65 and Donna is 63. Sarah,
Mike and Becky are the children of Manny and Donna Maldonado. Sarah is the eldest daughter,
followed by her brother, Mike, and her sister, Becky.
Manny is Hispanic American and owns a 20,000-acre produce farm that has been in his family for
three generations. Although Manny speaks and understands English, he prefers to speak Spanish.
This creates a language barrier between Manny and other family members who do not speak
Spanish. Donna is fluent in Spanish, having learned the language from Manny and his family.
Donna works on the farm with her husband. She has long suffered from mood swings, which is
mostly frustrating to Manny. He says it is “brujeria,” meaning her moods are caused by witchcraft
and “mal d ojo” or “evil eye.” He believes someone put a spell on Donna. When this is believed to
be the case, the person will visit a Curandero (healer) who will perform a healing ritual.
o Sarah works as a nurse, and recently took Family Leave of Medical Absence (FMLA) due to
her children’s recent issues.
o Joe is the President of Illusion Technologies. Joe’s parents are John and Ella Miller. More
details about Joe are shared in the Olson family section below.
Lucy, age 20, has a history of severe substance use disorder, along with having been
diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In the past two years, Lucy has had four different jobs.
She is unable to hold a job long-term. She now works on her grandparent’s produce
Josh, age 17, has been sneaking away with friends, smoking marijuana and skipping
Evan, age 10, was recently diagnosed with leukemia; however, he has not yet started
treatments. Evan’s doctors have recommended chemotherapy, radiation, and a bone
marrow transplant. Sarah and Joe intend to follow this treatment plan.
Mike Maldonado is age 36. He currently works for a state University as a tenured faculty of
the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Mike was recently diagnosed with HIV.
Dan was Mike’s husband. He recently passed away at the age of 38 due to an AIDS-related
illness. They were married for 10 years. Mike and Dan did not have any children.
Becky is age 33. She is divorced and working on the family produce farm as well as
attending a local college at night to complete her bachelor’s degree in Child Psychology. She
has one child, Abe.
Abe is age 12. He is a good student, but his behavior has changed recently, showing
anger and defiance towards both of his parents and several teachers at school. His
mother, Becky, has been treating Abe’s behavioral changes with diet and alternative
Next, we will meet the Olson family.
Frederic Olson was married to Mary Olson. Mary passed away 10 years ago at the age of 77. Frederic is
age 87. Ella is the only child of Frederic and Mary Olson.
Fredric has pronounced symptoms from Parkinson’s disease. He has tremors and balance problems,
along with muscle stiffness and gait (manor of walking) changes. He struggles to begin any
movement. However, once he is moving, he cannot stop easily. His gait has changed to smaller
steps and shuffling.
As he progresses through the stages of the disease, Frederic needs increasing assistance with his
activities of daily living (ADLs), which entails bathing, dressing, food preparation, eating, taking
medications, et cetera. He recently moved to an Assisted Living community and only leaves the
facility for medical appointments. The family visits Grandpa Frederic on an alternating schedule at
his new home every week. The Assisted Living community has regularly scheduled social events in
which Grandpa Frederic actively participates.
o Ella is married to John Miller. Ella and John are both 70 years old. John and Manny
Maldonado are best friends. Ella and Manny grew up together on their neighboring farms.
Ella and John recently sold their 10,000-acre farm to the Maldonado family since the two
farms were adjacent to each other.
o Ella has been trying to heal herself from breast cancer using a variety of natural means. She
grew up on a farm and was accustomed to using home remedies. Therefore, Ella is not
willing to utilize Western medicine practices.
o While the alternative health care methods kept Ella in remission for a few years, recently
she learned the cancer has returned. In addition, the cancer has metastasized to her lungs
and bones. Ella has chosen to forego Western medical treatment options such as
chemotherapy, radiation, and pharmacological breast cancer treatment medications. She
has requested to live out her last days at home. Ella has agreed to be admitted to Hospice
home care, with John as her primary caregiver. Ella and John are seeking quality palliative
end of life care.
o John, Ella’s husband, is of Native American origin. He is well educated and uses Western
medicine, but relies heavily on Native American methods, such as meditation and banishing
bad spirits from their home. John speaks fluent Spanish, having learned the language as a
o John is an attorney for the Maldonado produce farm and his son’s company, Illusion
o John and Ella’s children are Sam, age 50, Lila, age 45, and Joe, age 43.
Sam is divorced and has no children. He works as a foreman on the Maldonado produce
farm. He is an alcoholic and has been diagnosed with severe substance use disorder due
to his alcohol addiction. His alcohol use is affecting his position as the foreman. Over
the past few months, he has experienced emotional outbursts, missed work, and started
arguments with the workers, third-party wholesalers, and Al Goldberg (Olson family).
Sam has been upset that his parents sold the family farm to the Maldonado family
instead of passing it down to him.
Lila, age 47, is married to Al Goldberg. She is a Social Worker for the state. Her job is
very stressful as her caseload includes at-risk children. There is a great deal of
documentation required; therefore, she works many 10 to 12 hour days. Lila is
overweight and has Type II diabetes. She has not controlled her weight or diabetes well.
Recently, her doctor changed her medication. She is now taking daily insulin injections
to help manage her diabetes.
Al, age 47, Lila’s husband, is the general manager of the Maldonado family produce
farm. Al had first option for buying the Olson family farm. He opted out of purchasing
the farm and agreed with the sale to the Maldonado family. He has no known health
issues; however, due to an early childhood trauma, he is afraid of hospitals and funeral
Alisha is Lila and Al’s only child. She is 20 years old and is currently attending college
full time on a nursing scholarship. The college campus is an hour away from her
parent’s home. She lives on campus in the dorms, does not work at this time, and
has no known health problems.
Joe, who is Sarah (from the Maldonado family) Miller’s husband, is the President of
Illusion Technologies, a rapidly growing company with 50 employees. He has a patent
pending on two security-based software programs that could be worth millions. He and
his father are in negotiations to purchase land to build a state-of-the-art office building.
Sarah, Joe’s wife, is a nurse and recently took a Family Medical Leave of Absence (FMLA)
due to the health and behavioral problems with her children. Details about Joe and
Sara’s children are shared in the Maldonado family section.
The family members share a long history of friendship and love of farming. They have shared many life
events, such as holidays, births, and deaths. Their families have been intertwined for generations
through the raising of the children and grandchildren. For the most part, the families get along well.
However, even though they share some of the same cultural traditions and backgrounds, they do clash
from time to time. For instance, some of the Olson family members are not in full agreement with Ella’s
use of home remedies and alternative treatments for her breast cancer. However, the Maldonado
family understands and supports her choices. Further, Ella is encouraging Sarah Miller and Mike
Maldonado to pursue Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) to treat Evan’s leukemia and
Mike’s HIV. The members of both families are dealing with very busy schedules and major health
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