North Africa and Southwest Asia.

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Lnterl

Humanities

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Most questions are about the Middle East and such. Most answers require no more than one or three words. look at the files for more details.

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9:16 PM Fri Nov 2 29% 0 instructure-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com 2 of 4 PART 2 - critical content from the assigned reading 1. The Peninsula contains world's greatest reserves of petroleum. The state with the largest territory, holds the most. Five of the remaining six smaller states have major deposits, but the state with the largest population, has very little. This poorest state has also been also plagued by intense warfare since the 2014 collapse of a 32-year-old dictatorship. It is now widely considered a failed state. 2. is the only state in Southwest Asia that is a member of NATO and a poten- tial member of the EU. It had made substantial improvement in its human rights record by early in the 21st Century, but there have been significant reversals during the last few years. CG This has halted the optimistic talk about the Model” being attractive to reformers in authoritarian states who are trying to address the aftermath of the Arab Spring. Moreover, the county is still plagued by its 20th Century legacy of violent ethnic conflicts: (a) The are the ethnic minority who were mostly expelled or killed the during World War I. They form the large majority of the population in the former Soviet republic and present sovereign state of (b) The are the largest ethnic minority, pose the major devolutionary prob- lem, and have long been targets of repression. Their homeland is located in the ern third of the state, although many now live in Istanbul. 3. has the second largest reserves of conventional liquid petroleum in the realm. As shown in Figure 6-6, these deposits are concentrated in the southwestern part of the coun- try near the border with Iraq and just north of the Gulf. For many years the country's growth has been held back by sanctions established in response to its development - 2 - 9:16 PM Fri Nov 2 29% 0 instructure-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com 3 of 4 of capabilities, but in a 2015 agreement Iran scaled back its program in exchange for removal of sanctions by the US, China, Russia, Britain, France, and Germany. 4. The shortened version of the Arabic name for three countries of northwestern Africa is the The dominant feature of its physical landscape is the Mountains. This affects the northern areas of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia by forcing air masses to rise, which generates This, in turn, supports a much higher density of human than in surrounding areas, as shown strikingly in Figure 6-2. Hence the region is sometimes called “The Gift of the 5. is the oil-rich neighbor of Algeria and Tunisia where the Arab Spring protest, ensuing popular rebellion, government military crackdown, and eventual NATO intervention caused the collapse of the Qadhafi dictatorship and created a chaotic failed state. The conse- quences (not just there but for other countries as well) include the following: (i) “a foothold” gained by (i.e. another territory coming under its control), (ii) the trans-Saharan dispersal of Qadhafi's arsenal, with experiencing the greatest destabilization among several affected states, and (iii) the lack of government control over one of the largest Mediterranean launch sites for refugee smuggling. (See the wide arrow pointing toward Italy on Figure 6-9.) 6. The is the name for the zone of semi-arid or climate that is loca- ted along the southern margin of the Desert. Herding and farming are preca- ious livelihoods because is such a common occurrence in this climate. The southern edge of this zone is also the northern edge of the realm (the focus of Ch 7). In cultural terms this line also marks the Front. - 3 - 9:16 PM Fri Nov 2 29% 0 instructure-uploads.s3.amazonaws.com 4 of 4 So in this region, which your textbook calls the Zone, the metaphorical political climate is at least as dangerous as the literal atmospheric climate. The most conflict-prone sector lies in the east, where decades of civil war finally broke into two states in 2011 and where the of Africa's two largest states – Ethiopia and Somalia – have undergone violent devolution: (1) In 1993, Muslim finally won its independence from Christian which became landlocked as it lost its northern Red Sea coast. (2) Although Somalia is shown on the map as a single sovereign state and is recog- nized as such by “the international community,” it has actually been breaking into pieces for decades. The northern and eastern regions are now controlled by separatist groups. Control of the southern region is contested by an al-Qaeda affi- liate called and a US-backed group of secular warlords. The textbook characterizes Somalia as “the world's poster-child 6. The smallest state in the African Transitions Zone is which “is increasingly significant because it lies directly across from and overlooks the narrow entry to the the Bab-al-Mandeb Strait.” Note: Considering the textbook's specific geographic comments about this country's location, it seems worth mentioning certain closely related points that are ignored. Examples include the facts that (1) this country hosts the largest US military base in Africa and (2) the US targeted-killing program operates here using one of the world's largest drone bases. The failure to mention such facts is consistent the textbook's omission of commentary regarding any of the 700-1000 US military bases foreign soil. When one looks at the world through the prism of the textbook, it is as if these bases do not exist. Competing introductory world geography textbooks appear to take the same approach. How does this kind of framing influence the way American students understand the US use of force? When it is obvious to people all over the world that the US is an empire, does the textbook's omission of military geography contribute to the common American notion that the US is not an empire? 4-
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Running Head: NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA

North Africa & Southwest Asia
Name
Institution Affiliation
September 16, 2019

1

NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA

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Answers
1. The Arabian Peninsula contains the world's greatest reserves of petroleum. The state with the
largest territory of Saudi Arabia holds the most. Five of remaining six smaller states have major
deposits, but the state with the largest population, Yemen, has very little. This poorest state has
also been also plagued by intense warfare since the 2014 collapse of a 32-year-old dictatorship. It
is now widely considered a failed state.
2. Turkey is the only state in Southwest Asia that is a member of NATO and a potential member
of EU. It had made a substantial improvement in its human rights record by early in the 21st
Century, but there have been significant reversals during the last few years. This has halted the
optimistic talk about the ‘Turkish Model’’ being attractive to reformers in authoritarians states
who are trying to address the aftermath of the Arabs Spring. Moreover, the county is still plagued
by its 20th Century legacy of violent ethnic conflicts:
(a) The Brno are the ethnic minority who were mostly expelled or killed during
the Worlds War 1. They form the large majority of the population in the former
Soviet republic and present sovereign state of Czechoslovakia.
(b) The Vietnamese are the largest ethnic minority, pose the major devolutionary
problem, and have long been targets of repression. Their homeland is located in
the southern third of the state, although many now live in Istanbul.
3. U.A.E has the second largest reserves of conventional liquid petroleum in the realm. As ...


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