​Unit 2 Readings

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Unit 2 Readings: Is a Leader Virtuous?

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Unit 2 Readings: Is a Leader Virtuous?

Machiavelli's The Prince [Epistle Dedicatory & Chapters 14 (XIV)- 26 (XXVI)]

https://www.victoria.ac.nz/lals/about/staff/public... (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Hobbes Leviathan [Part II: Chapters 17 (XVII)-19 (XIX), 21 (XXI), 25 (XXV), 30 (XXX)]

https://www.ttu.ee/public/m/mart-murdvee/EconPsy/6... (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

DeWaal's Chimpanzee Politics

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Chimpanzee Politics Part 2.pdf Preview the document

Chimpanzee Politics Part 3.pdf Preview the document

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POSC 220: Political Leadership Directed Essay #2 General Directions: Respond to the following prompt. Please read all aspects of the prompt before crafting your response outline. The response MUST incorporate all three thinkers from this unit in order to receive a passing evaluation. So, for clarification, a passing essay must incorporate Machiavelli, Hobbes, and De Waal. Individual responses may weight the thinkers in any way they desire, but all three must make an appearance. Be sure to respond in essay form and stay focused on the prompt. This is an essay response, not a summary of the readings. Be certain to “frame” your essay with a solid introduction and conclusion. Extended quotations are to be avoided and any quotations extending beyond three lines of text will not be counted in the page-length requirement, so please be conscious of the length of quotes when assessing page length. Textual quotations are absolutely necessary for adequate support, but use of paraphrasing and personal interpretation also shows a deeper grasp of the material. A complete essay must be a full 3-6 pages (if you “stumble onto” the third page it will work against you). If the essay is underdeveloped (less than three full pages) or unfocussed (more than six pages), please feel free to ask the professor for assistance. The responses must be typed, double-spaced, and in 10-12 font. The best responses have two main characteristics: Identification: Display clear understanding of the concept identified or the thought of the thinker referred to in the essay. This is establishing your completion and understanding of the assigned reading and related class discussion. Application: Provide an example or examples that shows how the theory of the thinker or concept applies to a real event, person, action or a hypothetical one that displays the student’s ability to apply the knowledge beyond mere memorization – displays critical thinking. Machiavelli states in The Prince that “since it is my intention to write a useful thing for him who understands, it seemed to me more profitable to go behind to the effectual truth of the thing, than to the imagination thereof.” Is the leadership “taught” by Machiavelli, Hobbes, and De Waal a more realistic representation of what leadership is in the world? If so, what makes you think so; if not, what makes you disagree? In addition, be sure to state in your response whether you accept the position of these thinkers, which could be the heart of your paper if you wish. (you could agree it is more realistic and not accept it or you could disagree on its realism and still accept it – so your personal position need not be consistent with your original answer to the direct question). Some suggested sub-questions to consider, but are absolutely not required in your response may include: Does Machiavelli replace the imagined leader of Plato with a more realistic and truthful representation? Is Hobbes objective for the leader more realistic in terms of what people really want compared to the Greeks? Is De Waal really describing chimpanzees or is there a larger lesson – is leadership as much a biological question as a social one and we are biologically closer to apes than Plato’s philosopher-king?
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Is a Leader Virtuous?

The question about leadership might seem simple but has a lot of complexity to
determining who is a leader, what makes a person a leader, and what do leaders need to do.
There has been an endless discussion for a very long time on disunion about leadership, but there
has been no specific conclusion that any person has ever been able to prove. Some great scholars
and philosophers have tried to explain the meaning of leadership in society and its aspects like
Plato and the Greeks. However, their explanations lack important aspects of leadership according
to Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbies, and Frans De Wall texts. I believe that three scholars
provide concrete evidence that leadership is only achievable through the free will of a leader to
act unjustly or justly depending and also focus on self-interest fulfillments.

The most compelling and realistic argument about leadership that Machiavelli presents is
the issue about justice and the welfare of the state. Regarding the issue of how a prince should
conduct themselves regarding justice, Machiavelli argument is in line with the way every leader
in a real situation should behave, unlike Plato. Machiavelli says that a leader has the rights to be
unjust in the ruling when it comes to protecting the welfare of their state. The responsibility of
any ruler is to ensure that their kingdom is always safe from things like external attacks and

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hunger. If a situation arises where a leader should choose between the safety of the kingdom and
justice of the people, then it is only logical to choose the unfair means of protecting the city
(Machiavelli 24). If one asks any person of reason if they would choose one act of injustice that
will ensure their safety in future and being treated justly but end up losing their homes and living
in exile w...


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