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Thomas Jefferson S Administration

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Question 1:
(1) What are Bayards objections to Jefferson and Burr?
James Bayard doubted the sincerity of Thomas Jefferson and Bayard believed that the
government would not survive in his hands because of the cause of moral and political
experiments. On the other hand, if Aaron Burr were to become president, Bayard thought
that there would be a division in the party which would rise into open opposition.
(2) Does this document offer evidence that the Federalists had become a well-organized
political party by 1801?
No, I dont think the Federalists was a well-organized party by then. Bayard said "If the
federal party should take up Mr. Burr, I ought certainly to be impressed with the most
undoubting conviction before I separated from them yet his vote decided the election in
favor of Jefferson.
Question 2:
(1) How did the transition from a Federalist administration to a Democratic-Republican
administration go?
Thomas Jefferson was a Democratic- Republican, and his election in 1800 marked a shift
in power from the previous Federalist administrations. He focused on undoing Federalist
policies at home and maintaining American neutrality abroad.
Jeffersons presidency was marked by foreign and domestic successes. Domestically,
he implemented limitations of government, supported yeoman
1
farmers and the
growth of agriculture, and reduced military expenditures.
His greatest foreign policy success was the purchase of Louisiana from France in
1803.
After his successful reelection in 1804, Jeffersons term became increasingly
preoccupied with questions of foreign policy arising from the global war between
Great Britain and Napoleonic France.

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Jefferson was preoccupied with maintaining American neutrality amidst the turmoil
of the Napoleonic Wars. The administrations overriding goal was the promotion of
political and social democracy in a largely agrarian United States.
1
yeoman: A non-slaveholding, family farmer who owned a small amount of land in the United States in
the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
(2) What was Marbury v. Madison and why was it important? What did it establish about
the Supreme Court and its relation with the other branches of government?
The U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison (1803) established the principle of
judicial reviewthe power of the federal courts to declare legislative and executive acts
unconstitutional. The unanimous opinion was written by Chief Justice John Marshall.
The court ruled that the new president, Thomas Jefferson, via his secretary of state,
James Madison, was wrong to prevent William Marbury from taking office as justice of the
peace for Washington County in the District of Columbia.
The significance of Marbury v. Madison was that it was the first U.S. Supreme
Court case to apply "Judicial Review", and it allowed the Supreme Court to rule laws
unconstitutional.
(3) How did the Louisiana Purchase challenge Jefferson's constitutional philosophy?
Jefferson had concerns that a U.S. president did not have the constitutional authority
to make such a deal. He also thought that to do so would erode states' rights by increasing
federal executive power. Though, because land purchase treaties were permitted by
the Constitution, and because the Louisiana Purchase was a land treaty that received the
consent of the Senate, it seems evident that
the Louisiana acquisition was wholly constitutional.
(4) Jefferson faces the same problem Washington and Adams did trying to maintain their
neutrality during the ongoing war between Great Britain and France. At the end of his
second term it will culminate with the Embargo Act. What was it and what affect did it
have on the nation?

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Question 1: (1) What are Bayard’s objections to Jefferson and Burr? James Bayard doubted the sincerity of Thomas Jefferson and Bayard believed that the government would not survive in his hands because of the cause of moral and political experiments. On the other hand, if Aaron Burr were to become president, Bayard thought that there would be a division in the party which would rise into open opposition. (2) Does this document offer evidence that the Federalists had become a well-organized political party by 1801? No, I don’t think the Federalists was a well-organized party by then. Bayard said "If the federal party should take up Mr. Burr, I ought certainly to be impressed with the most undoubting conviction before I separated from them” yet his vote decided the election in favor of Jefferson. Question 2: (1) How did the transition from a Federalist administration to a Democrati ...
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