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Psy 270 capstone

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PSY270 Complete DQ’s Week 1 to 9 (including Capstone)
Week 1/1
In defining psychological abnormality the four “D’s” are often examined first in the
attempt to assess behavior. An individuals’ behavior will be examined for deviance or behavior
which differs from the social norm. The particular culture in which the behavior is occurring
will aid in defining behavior as deviant as each culture has its own definition of normal and
acceptable behavior based upon the specific factors relating to the culture (history, values,
etc.). With regard to assessing behavior as deviant one must be careful to examine the specific
circumstances which may surround the onset of the behavior. For example: To take the life of
another human being would most likely commonly be deemed deviant behavior in our society.
However, the opinion may change if the individual were reacting in self-defense to a violent
attack (rape).
Behavior will also be assessed for level of distress. Here there is often a challenge as
many individual’s experience little, or no, distress accompanying mental illness. As our text
suggests Brad, who would seem to be suffering a psychotic episode (Schizophrenia), is
showing signs of distress. Brad feels anxiety and dread, he feels assaulted by the voices when
refusing orders from “them”, he is withdrawn and his ability to maintain his health is being
effected through dieting in preparation for the invasion. Here we see obvious signs of distress
yet some individual’s with the same diagnosis may not feel distress themselves while still
having severely abnormal behaviors, thoughts and ideas.
Dysfunction is the third “D”. Here the individual’s behavior is assessed to determine
the level at which his or her signs and symptoms are hindering normal functioning. If the
individual is unable to properly care for themselves or participate in social interactions, has
suffered a decline in work performance or lost employment, or suffered a family breakup
(divorce) the obviously the abnormal behavior has created a high level of dysfunction in his or
her life. When assessing dysfunction one is essentially asking “to what extent has this person’s
life been disrupted?”.
The final “D” is that of danger. Dangerous behavior would include the individual
experiencing thoughts of suicide or engaging in other harmful behaviors such as refusal to
eat, promiscuous behavior, drug or alcohol abuse. Obviously dangerous behavior easily
defines any individual who exhibits behavior which poses a threat to themselves or other
people.
Week1/2
The use of psychotropic medications has many positive benefits. For those suffering
from severe psychological disturbances these drugs aid in reducing many troublesome
symptoms thus enhancing the individual’s ability to function with more normality. For those
diagnosed with disorders such as schizophrenia or severe depressive disorders these
medications can often seem to be a lifesaver. The problem though is over prescribing of these
medications (often by a doctor who does not really understand what they are doing) to where it
has become “normal” to be on some sort of medication.

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For example: I went through a divorce years ago and it was rough… I was a bit
of a mess and having a tough time sleeping and eating and was having more frequent anxiety
attacks. I was sick and went to my general practitioner who then sent me off with a
prescription for Ativan which he prescribed to be taken 1 pill 3x day and 2 at bed time. Pardon
me?! If I took those as prescribed I would be unable to function at all. He also prescribed an
anti-depressant on top of this.
My thought is this… we all have good days and bad days, when crisis happens (death,
divorce) these things often result in feelings of sadness which is normal human response.
Does this require heavy sedation and anti-depressant medication to effectively avoid feeling?
Isn’t it more beneficial to work through these things as they come along (enter positive
psychology) unless the symptoms become extreme or unmanageable? I guess my point is that
psychotropic drugs have a plethora of positives when carefully and properly prescribed yet it
seems like anyone who isn’t having “the best day ever...every day” is given a pill to “fix” that.
I would also argue that general practitioners should not be prescribing these medications.
Week3/1
The psychodynamic perspective on anxiety disorders is that some anxiety during
childhood is normal; children will experience realistic anxiety in the face of real danger,
neurotic anxiety when impulses of the id become hindered, and moral anxiety as a result of
punishment or threat of punishment for expressions of id impulses. The psychodynamic view,
according to Freud, is that children with unresolved neurotic or moral anxieties are highly
likely to develop anxiety disorders as adults. Other theorists would disagree with Freud on
aspects of his theory yet continue to believe that strained relationships of early childhood may
factor in to later life anxiety disorders.
The humanistic theorists would suggest anxiety disorders to be the result of self-denial.
The inability to be self-accepting and honest about ones' self create anxious feelings and
hinder the individual’s ability to achieve a state of self-actualization. When children fail to
receive unconditional positive regard during childhood develop issues with conditions of
worth causing anxiety issues.
The cognitive perspective is that distorted thinking leads to anxiety. Maladaptive
assumptions lead to actions and reactions that are not appropriate which are the result of the
flawed thought processes. Second generation cognitive theorists suggest that individuals
positive and negative beliefs about worrying and that the individual focused on the negatives
will be more likely to suffer from anxiety disorders.
Biological theories of anxiety suggest anxiety is caused by biological factors. For
instance, this perspective would imply that if the individual has family members who suffer
from anxiety disorders the individual has a predisposition for developing the disorder
themselves. In addition, anxiety disorders may be caused by problems related to the neural
activity of the brain.
Honestly, there is no one perspective that I feel I agree with more so than the others as
each makes valid suggestions as to the root causes related to anxiety. I have an anxiety
disorder and can see how each perspective could be possible in explaining my anxiety. I can

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PSY270 Complete DQ's Week 1 to 9 (including Capstone)Week 1/1In defining psychological abnormality the four "D's" are often examined first in the attempt to assess behavior. An individuals' behavior will be examined for deviance or behavior which differs from the social norm. The particular culture in which the behavior is occurring will aid in defining behavior as deviant as each culture has its own definition of normal and acceptable behavior based upon the specific factors relating to the culture (history, values, etc.). With regard to assessing behavior as deviant one must be careful to examine the specific circumstances which may surround the onset of the behavior. For example: To take the life of another human being would most likely commonly be deemed deviant behavior in our society. However, the opinion may change if the individual were reacting in self-defense to a violent attack (rape).Behavior will also be assessed for level of distress. Here there is often a challenge as many individual's experience little, or no, distress accompanying mental illness. As our text suggests Brad, who would seem to be suffering a psychotic episode (Schizophrenia), is showing signs of distress. Brad feels anxiety and dread, he feels assaulted by the voices when refusing orders from "them", he is withdrawn and his ability to maintain his health is being effected through dieting in preparation for the invasion. Here we see obvious signs of distress yet some individual's with the sa ...
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