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Music

Answers For Indonesia

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Cuyamaca College

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1. What does the term “gamelan” mean?
Answer: A traditional instrumental ensemble of Indonesia, typically including many bronze percussion
instruments.
2. The term laras refers to the tuning system in Javanese gamelan. What are the names of the two
systems and how many pitches do they have?
Answer: Slendro pentatonic, 5 pitches, equidistant Pelog heptatonic, 7 pitches.
3. What is colotomic structure and how is this utilized in gamelan music?
Answer: Colotomic structure marks a specific fixed beat within a metric structure by a particular
instrument. In gamelan music, it is utilized by marking off a music into temporary units according to an
entrance of a specific instrument in a specific order at specific times.
4. Discuss the history and/or layering of religions that exist in Indonesia. What makes Bali unique
concerning religious development?
Answer: The layering of religion comes from separation due to powers. Due to the amount of tourists
that also visit the country, Bali’s development has also changed. It can also be considered that the
different courts in Indonesia have different powers and ideas, causing this layering in Indonesia’s
Religions and History.
5. What role do gamelan ensembles play in establishing and legitimizing royalty and power? How does
the Javanese bedhaya song and dance reflect this assertion of status?
Answer: The role gamelan ensembles play in establishing and legitimizing royalty and power revolves
around idolatry. The Javanese bedhayasong and dance reflect this assertion of status because the
spiritual power in the gamelan translates into power of their owners.
6. What is wayang kulit? How long do these performances last? Who is the dalang and what important
role does he play in maintaining history and culture?
Answer: A shadow puppet theatre accompanied by a gamelan. Performances generally lasts over the
course of a whole night. Dalang is a master puppeteer who performs in a karawitan (learned music in
the Javanese tradition. The dalang connects the community with its cultural history and values. The
dalang also has the power to contact the spirit world during ancestral ceremonies

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1. What does the term gamelan mean?Answer: A traditional instrumental ensemble of Indonesia, typically including many bronze percussioninstruments.2. The term laras refers to the tuning system in Javanese gamelan. What are the names of the twosystems and how many pitches do they have?Answer: Slendro pentatonic, 5 pitches, equidistant Pelog heptatonic, 7 pitches.3. What is colotomic structure and how is this utilized in gamelan music?Answer: Colotomic structure marks a specific fixed beat within a metric structure by a particularinstrument. In gamelan music, it is utilized by marking off a music into temporary units according to anentrance of a specific instrument in a specific order at specific times.4. Discuss the history and/or layering of religions that exist in Indonesia. What makes Bali uniqueconcerning religious development?Answer: The layering of relig ...
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