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PSY -300 -week 1 DQs-orig-work

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1 | P a g e p s y - 3 0 0 o r i g - w o r k
Week 1
DQ 1: How does psychology as a scientific discipline differ from the casual
observations we make about the world in everyday life? What are the similarities?
Psychology as a scientific discipline is used to answer questions about human nature
through scientific investigation. Casual observations means to pay attention to a person
or something more like a first impression. We have our own interruption of how people
should act or react in situations; but should we as human judge imperfect behavior. In
my everyday life I am focused to see youth in an imperfect way because they have
been sent to a Juvenile Center for discipline problems. Until reading a case file I should
see that child as a human being that has made a mistake and needs a new type of
outlook on life. I have been trained to just see the youth as any other youth not as an
offender that has been sentenced to the correctional system. The world has turned their
backs on children and should take the time out and find the root of the real problem. By
completing a scientific investigation we may be able to see if the child has been
affected by their environment or culture. In an everyday life everyone uses the casual
observation which will only pass judgment with no answers but scientific discipline will
provide answers to why that child is there.
Response 2
In psychology scientific discipline, would be the study of a certain behavior , and with
this kind of study it is in a controlled environment. In this controlled environment there
are many factors that contribute to help find what they are looking for. a controlled
environment is where the they are in a neutral condition where the researcher are able
to control the evironment. They have an idea of what they want, they have hypothesis
that helps them conduct thesis. for example when a psychologist wants to see if
children are more violent when they watch violent. they would have two groups one
that would watch violent movies and one that would not and they were able to see the
difference.
In a casual observation that we make are in uncontrolled environment. The environment
that is being observed is an open one, which means it could be in a play ground where
children are playing. in a play ground someone could observe the way children play
with other or the reactions from the adult with other adults.
The similarities between these two could be that they both observe behavior and both
could have a non bias thought. but one has a control group and the other has a
noncontrol group.
Response 3

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2 | P a g e p s y - 3 0 0 o r i g - w o r k
This can mean so many differant things to so many differant people. In my opinion, I
believe that psychology as a scientific discipline means what we were born to be. I
come from the understanding that we are all on this earth for a reason and we are born
who we are. If a person is born black they are going to be black, if a person is born gay
then they are going to be gay. I do think that science can help determine how a person
is going to be as in the way they look and how smart a person is. The casual
observations that we make about the world in everyday life is just what it says, its
observation. When we observe a person its like we are standing from a far and looking
at how a person acts and what a person does to impress people. I think that the
similarities of these two definitions can be that we a child that comes from a differant
culture can be pulled out of that culture and into a differant one lets say an American
family and now that person looks Japanese but acts as if that child is an American. The
child is Japanese because of what science or mother nature has made them but they
are now of the American culture.
Wk. 1 DQ 2: What do you think the term “paradigm” means in science? What do you
think the term “paradigm means in the field of psychology? To what do you attribute the
similarities/differences?
In science, paradigm’s can be used to show some type of model, metaphors and
method to find out if and how something works. Different types of steps can be taken in
order to find a scientific answer. Psychology has a lack of paradigm but it’s a
perspective or thought that can be used to understand psychological events. In
psychology it’s not that easy because all of your theory’s about someone’s behavior is
found out by talking to that person you can only have a point of view of the person’s
behavior by using psychological events. Researching a person’s environment or culture
can help when finding answers to way a behavior is different from another person with a
similar job or age. The both are similar because of a theory or observation that has
been made. Science paradigm has the ability to show the cause of why or how
something works by the researcher’s theory and paradigm in the field of psychology will
allow you to find the reason but by using the researchers theory only without a model.
Using or giving your own perspective on a person’s behavior will only be based on
theory not on fact, a good way would be to use the cause and effect theory to answer
questions about a environment changes.
Response 2
I believe paradigm means in science the ability to see patterns. In psychology,
paradigms mean the patterns in behavior. I believe that in science, the patterns are

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3 | P a g e p s y - 3 0 0 o r i g - w o r k
important to the way we interact in our environment. For instance, the weather can
directly impact the way we behave in our environment; raining outside, makes one
sleepy or moody. The differences can be the way we can psychological manipulate
another's thoughts or behavior with simple suggestions or assumptions from
some other view point. An example of psychological manipulation in the Wayco
cult. One, suggestion lead to a mass following and ultimately death. In science, we can
factually manipulate the way the public feels about a subject. For instance, the way the
sun is producing solar flares and the solar flares disrupt climate changes. These facts
have been proven by patterns of weather, and studies of climate.
Response 3
Paradigm is a word that basically means a set that contains one element. In a scientific
manner to me that means taking different elements whether they are chemical or non-
chemical that don't clash and making one single element. In the field of psychology I
believe that it means to take all the resources you have and figure out what's best for a
particular individual. The difference of the two is that one is based on mind and the
other based on chemical. As far as the similarities the two are coming up with a single
resolution. I hope all this makes sense. Thanks.
Response 4
Paradigm in science is a hypothesis, where the fact is trying to be proven, true or false.
In the field of psychology, paradigm means the perceptions of how things are viewed on
an individual bases. Here are a few funny Paradigms that I found and were made many
years ago by experts in their fields. During that time they were said to sound intelligent,
and now they sound idiotic.
1. “There is no reason for any individual to have a computer in their home.” This
statement was made in 1977 by Kenneth Olsen, president and founder of Digital
equipment.
2. “Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value.” This statement was
made in 1911 by a French Military Strategist and a future World War 1
Commander, Marshal F. Foch.
3. “Television won’t be able to hold on to any market it captures after the first six
months. People will soon get tired of staring at a plywood box every night.”
These statements were perceptions, theories that science have made true. Science
does not deal in perception but truth, “what you see is what you get”, being realty.
Psychology deals with perceptions and attempts to make it true.

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