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PSY -300 -week 2- DQ 1




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1 | P a g e p s y - 3 0 0 o r i g - w o r k
Wk. 2 DQ 1: How do classical conditioning procedures differ from operant conditioning
procedures? How are they similar? In your opinion, which learning process is more
effective? Why?
Conditioning happens with the interaction people receive from their surroundings.
According to behaviorism, behavior can be calculation of a methodical and visible
method with no thought of the inner mind state. The two key types of conditioning are
classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is a method used
in behavioral teaching that logically happens from motivation that is balances by
reaction. Operant conditioning known as instrumental conditioning is a way of learning
that happens from rewarding and punishing for actions. I believe that the effectiveness
depends on a person’s childhood, so both can be very effective
Response 2
Classical conditioning is a behavior modication that teaches to respond in a
"wanting" or desiring manner. For example, if a child knows that if he/she uses the
bathroom in the potty then he/she will get a cookie. I nd this method sort of like
bribing in a sense, because the subject gets excited and the mouth starts watering
for the treat at the end which therefore will make the subject crave for it later.
Therefore while craving for it, the child will always be using the potty. Operant
conditioning is the method that is used for punishing or rewarding for a behavior.
This method seems to be more e$ective to me, because it doesn't seem like
bribery. The two are similar in a sense because they can both be used as a form of
discipline for the subject. Hope this makes sense. Thanks.
Response 3
In classical conditioning the "environmental stimulus initiates a response" whereas in operant
conditioning "a behavior initiates a response". The main examples in our textbook include
Pavlov's dog experiment as classical conditioning because the ringing of the bell (environmental
stimulus) initiated the dogs to salivate because they were expecting food. In Thorndike's cat
experiment the cat "learned" that hitting the latch would open the door that would get them to
the food, so the behavior produced a response that they liked and they continue to produce that
behavior so they could get to the food.
In both classical and operant conditioning extinction and spontaneous recovery are both
possible. For example, in Pavlov's dog experiment extinction can occur in classical
conditioning if the bell keeps ringing and the food is no longer present on a continual basis and
in Thorndike's cat experiment, if hitting the latch no longer opens the door to allow them to get

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2 | P a g e p s y - 3 0 0 o r i g - w o r k
to the food, they will stop attempting to open the latch. In both cases spontaneous recovery can
occur by reemergence of a response.
I believe that operant conditioning is more effective because the person has control over their
actions and can make a choice of what behavior to choose based on the effect of that behavior.
For instance, a child can choose to study hard for a test knowing that they may be rewarded and
knowing that if they do not study and get a bad grade, they may be punished by being put on
restrictions. In operant conditioning, the person does not have control over the environment.
Response 4
Classical and operant condioning dier mostly in that the classicaon as such depends solely
on which comes rst: behavior produced or environmental catalyst? I like to think of classical
condioning as a catalyst producing a behavior associated from a prior experience, where the
operant condioning produces behaviors that occur before the environmental catalyst ever
comes into play (the behavior is more psychological at this point). The two types of condioning
are similar in that the condioning revolves around an environmental factor, and the end result
is sll base on that factor or catalyst. The behavioral reacons a'er the condioning are what
splits these two apart. I believe that both types of condioning are eecve. Choosing which
way to condion the parcipant of the study would depend on what the desired end result may
be. If the experimenter desired to create a phobia, using the operant condioning would be
more eecve in creang a psychological fear of an environmental factor because the
behavioral response would occur innately. If the experimenter desired to create a more learned
behavior (Law of Eect) experience, classical condioning would seem to me to be the be*er
choice because the behavioral response would not be based on anything innate.

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Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.