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PSY -300 week 2 DQ 3.docx orig-work.

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Week 2
DQ 3: What are the Gestalt principles? What do these principles reference?
This is also known as the law of pragnanz.
1. Figure ground- this principle shows our perceptual tendency to separate whole
figures from their backgrounds based on one or more of a number of possible variables,
such as contrast, color, size, etc. As our attention shifts, the ground also shifts so that
an object can go from figure to ground and then back. Ground is sometimes thought of
as background or negative space.
2. Tips-Clearly differentiate between figure and ground in order to focus attention and
minimize perceptual confusion.
3. Camouflage-Camouflage is the deliberate alteration of figure-ground so that the
figure blends into the ground.
4 Similarity-Gestalt theory states that things which share visual characteristics such as
shape, size, color, texture, or value will be seen as belonging together in the viewer’s
mind.
5 Proximity- The Gestalt law of proximity states that "objects or shapes that are close to
one another appear to form groups". Even if the shapes, sizes, and objects are radically
different, they will appear as a group if they are close together.
6 Closure-The satisfaction of a pattern encoded, as it were, into the brain, thus
triggering recognition of the stimulus. This can involve the brain's provision of missing
details thought to be a part of a potential pattern, or, once closure is achieved, the
elimination of details unnecessary to establish a pattern match.
Continuity-The edge of one shape will continue into the space and meet up with other
shapes or the edge of the picture plane.
Order-Order has connotations of stability, consistency and structure
Response 2
Gestalt also known as the "Law of Simplicity" states that every stimulus is perceived in
its most simple form. It is a psychology term which means 'unified whole". Gestalt have
several principles, which consists of the following:
1. Similarity- which occurs when objects look similar to one another. They are often
perceived as a group or pattern.
2. Continuation- Occurs when the eye is compelled to move through one object and

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