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Psy 240 week 4 assignment To Eat or Not to Eat




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To Eat or Not to Eat
Axia College of the University of Phoenix
By Jennifer Johnson

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Hello and welcome to this group session for those who suffer from eating disorders.
My name is Jennifer Johnson and I am your counselor for today’s session. I would like to start
out by telling the group a little about myself and will then give everyone the opportunity to do
the same. I have been a counselor for only a short time but enjoy helping others in their quest
towards being healthy and happy. My mission is to provide the class with the tools and
information necessary in order to fight their disease. As you can see we have combined two
groups today to gain a better understanding of the physiological factors of what causes people to
eat or not to eat. We will also discuss some of the physiological myths about hunger and satiety
and those physiological factors that contribute to hunger and satiety. After I present the
information I will open the floor for questions and answers.
As children, we associate certain eating habits with certain behaviors. Holidays are usually
always one of the main focal points around food in every family. We involve a variety of
different foods as a means of togetherness, and socialization. We grow up on our mothers home
cooking and tend to cook and eat in the same manner as we did when we were children. At
mealtime in my younger days consisted of three homemade meals with dessert every day. Even if
I was not hungry or full it was considered an insult to turn down any kind of food.
The physiological factors that contribute to hunger and satiety are believed to be contractions
of the stomach and blood glucose levels. Hunger is having the feeling of contractions caused by
an empty stomach whereas satiety is having the feeling of distention or stretching of the stomach.
Hunger pangs are caused by large stomach contractions. Many become hungry due to the
routines and behaviors that have been practiced over a period of time. One way to demonstrate
this behavior is how some may feel just because it is approaching mealtime. Many do not eat

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because they feel hungry but because certain behaviors or times are associated with a mealtime.
One’s senses play a part in the trigger of hunger. Sight, smell, and taste are the biggest triggers of
Satiety signals are responsible for how much we eat. How much food we have in our stomach
and the levels of glucose in our blood will trigger satiety signals and taper off eating. There are
many satiety mechanisms that contribute to how much we eat. Sham eating for example is
influenced mainly by our previous experience with the foods post ingestive effect. The appetizer
effect and satiety occurs when the same amounts of food eaten before a meal will in fact increase
hunger rather than suppress it whereas social influences play a part in how much one consumes.
If a person eats around others, it often results a person to eat less than eating alone. Sensory-
specific satiety can determine if a person consumes more during a meal. Having a variety of
different foods available can often trigger a person to eat again even if they are not hungry. One’s
chances of overeating increase if there are different tastes available such as a buffet style
The regulation of one’s body weight is said to be controlled by a person’s set points, and
settling points. The set points theory revolves around when fat deposits drop below a person’s set
point that they become hungry. When the body fat levels exceeds the set point, hunger subsides,
which will return the level back below the set point. The settling point theory is referred to as the
body fluctuates around a settling point in which various factors influence the body’s weight. An
example would be if a person starts to not eat, diet, exercise, or have weight reduction surgery, a
temporary drop in the settling point occurs unless these changes become permanent. If a person

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Very useful material for studying!