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Running Head: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 1
Questions and Answers
Institutional Affiliation
Name
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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2
Questions and Answers
SECRETS OF HAITI'S LIVING DEAD
Question One
Clarvius Narcisse was a Haitian man who was said to have returned from the dead and
was turned into a zombie through a Vodou preparation. Narcisse came home to his village after
eighteen years of being assumed dead. He convinced a few villagers that he was who he said he
was. This confused many doctors because his death had been documented and verified. This was
then considered as an example of a transformation of a person into a zombie. People believed
that Narcisse had broken one of the traditional codes of behavior and was made into a zombie as
punishment. He told the investigators of his case that the sorcerer had taken his soul and made
him into a zombie (Del Guercio et al, 1989).
Question Two
The psychoactive component of the zombie poison was tetrodotoxin. After many
investigations that shared a similar case with that of Narcisse, it was established that these people
received a mixture of tetrodotoxin and bufotoxin.
Question Three
The cultural element of zombification was punishment. This worked because the bokors
or traditional leaders used a mixture of this poison to preserve a body and turn a person into a
zombie. According to Haitian folklore, zombies came into existence when bokors reanimated
someone who suddenly died from an illness or was purposely poisoned.

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Running Head: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Questions and Answers Institutional Affiliation Name Date 1 2 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Questions and Answers SECRETS OF HAITI'S LIVING DEAD Question One Clarvius Narcisse was a Haitian man who was said to have returned from the dead and was turned into a zombie through a Vodou preparation. Narcisse came home to his village after eighteen years of being assumed dead. He convinced a few villagers that he was who he said he was. This confused many doctors because his death had been documented and verified. This was then considered as an example of a transformation of a person into a zombie. People believed that Narcisse had broken one of the traditional codes of behavior and was made into a zombie as punishment. He told the investigators of his case that the sorcerer had taken his soul and made him into a zombie (Del Guercio et al, 1989). Question Two The psychoactive component of the zombie poison was tetrodotoxin. After many investigations that shared a similar case with that of Narcisse, it was established that these people received a mixture of tetrodotoxin and bufotoxin. Question Three The cultural element of zombification was punishment. Th ...
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