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RS 210 Core Features of Native American Religions Study Guide Exam 1

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RS 210: Study Guide Exam 1
Core features of Native American religions
Crisis cult movements- desperate attempts to reclaim autonomy from colonial powers:
usually results in massacre and continued oppression
Four predominant categories of Native American religions:
Tribal Traditions: Wholistic, non-compartmentalized approach to life, the world is
sacred, oral traditions
Native American Christianity: Blend of native American traditions and Christianity
New Religious Forms: Desperate attempts to reclaim autonomy from colonial powers
Indian Spirituality: very vague, non-western way of spirituality
Mircea Eliade- famous religious scholar
Ghost Dance movement- massacre where Indians died
Kachinas- perform rituals in the village, weird spirit creatures. These are actually your
relatives dressed up.
Kinaalda Ceremony- celebrates women’s first period, transition into womanhood
Kiva-room used for religious rituals
Myth- Sacred story used frequently in religion
Matrilineal/Patrilineal-based off mother’s or father’s kinship
Oral traditions- basis for Native American tribal religions
Orientation- orientation to life based on Mircea Eliade theories
Paha Sapa- native name for The Black Hills: sacred area for some tribes who have to pay
to go pray there because the land was taken from them
Peyote-small cactus, ingested to achieve trance state (hallucinations)
Peyote Road Chief-leader of the peyote meetings in charge of overseeing the meeting and
leading others on the Peyote Road
Qasgiq-men’s house of discussion
Rites of passage- affect changes in social status, death, birth, marriage
Ritual- really makes a change
Sacred center or axis mundi- the center of prayer
Shaman- medicine men or women: religious specialist who travels to the religious world
to answer questions for the tribe.
Sun Dance- people hanging by cords pushed through their pec muscles and they hang and
pray until the cords rip out. Done for an important reason!
Sweat lodges- purification ceremony, done before any other major ceremony. Get’s
negativity out.
Trust Doctrine- the principle that the government has a duty to keep its word and fulfil its
treaty.
Vision quest- boy becomes a man. Time in life when you need guidance! Wait for a
vision.
Core features of African American spirituality
African Baptist Church- had a rough start because these were in the south
African Episcopal Church- split from a white church in the north, they were from the
south 1794

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African Methodist Episcopal Church- split from regular Methodist church, founded 1816
Church of God in Christ- fastest growing African-American denomination, only one not
originally white
Anti-slavery codes in gospels- Hid their meaning in gospel music. Goin’ over Jordan
meaning escape.
Exodus- story from the bible that inspired the slaves because Moses saved the slaves
Four types of African American churches:
Pastoral-oldest, believe most white Americans don’t like racism, primary focus
was spiritual, moral comfort. Communal ministry was intact.
Prophetic-more political. Primary focus is social ministry and protest activity.
Political-active in politics. Organize voter registration, serve as community
centers.
Nationalistic- believe America is incurably racist. Separatist, follow black
theology, foreground racial identity over all else.
Hispanic Religions
Bembe-central public ceremony of Santeria with singing, dancing, and drumming.
Botanicas- old healing practices shops
Camino de orula- path of knowledge, only for men
Camino de santo- path of spirit
Candomble- brazil based religion
Santeria- African based religion
Voodoo-Haiti based religion
Encomiendas- system of servitude or forced labor to the conquistadores
Ile- “family” relationships, the Diego household
Juan Diego- discovered the virgin, first indigenous saint
Lucumi- Way of the Saints religion based in Cuba
Kariocha- Initiation or seating of Orishas, very private
Madrina-Godmother
Padrino-Godfather
Orishas- spirits
Posadas- pilgrimages performed Dec 16 for nine evenings until Christmas eve
Requerimiento - demand given to native to acknowledge and submit to God,
conquistadores free to take action against them if they don’t understand
Revolutionaries:
Macandal- tortured burned at stake
Boukman- led ceremony that sparked Haiti slave revolution
Santeras- priestess
Santeros- priest
Syncretism-blending of two or more religious belief systems
Virgin of Guadelupe- Aztec mother earth, revealed four times on the hill Tepeyac

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RS 210: Study Guide Exam 1 Core features of Native American religions Crisis cult movements- desperate attempts to reclaim autonomy from colonial powers: usually results in massacre and continued oppression Four predominant categories of Native American religions: Tribal Traditions: Wholistic, non-compartmentalized approach to life, the world is sacred, oral traditions Native American Christianity: Blend of native American traditions and Christianity New Religious Forms: Desperate attempts to reclaim autonomy from colonial powers Indian Spirituality: very vague, non-western way of spirituality Mircea Eliade- famous religious scholar Ghost Dance movement- massacre where Indians died Kachinas- perform rituals in the village, weird spirit creatures. These are actually your relatives dressed up. Kinaalda Ceremony- celebrates women’s first period, transition into womanhood Kiva-room used ...
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