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Psy 450 What is human development




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Traditional and Nontraditional Culture

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Traditional and Nontraditional Culture
Traditional and nontraditional cultures provide a wealth of examples surrounding one’s
beliefs, values, and behaviors. Both types of culture demonstrate the varying degrees to which
one bases his or her own beliefs and values. Individuals in a traditional culture generally have an
established set of deeply rooted beliefs while individuals in a nontraditional culture are open to
other cultures and a more modern approach to his or her beliefs. In this paper, the team will
examine the comparisons shared by both traditional and nontraditional cultures and the
contrasting points that represent the differences between the two.
Chinese Traditional Culture
The Chinese culture, mostly dominated today by the Han ethnicity (composes 94% of the
people of China), does not value individualism but rather prefers collectivism. This country
values its historical traditions more than modernization, which may be not as viable as they were
many years before. The Chinese culture supports nationalism and is home to various religions
such as Buddhism, Daoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam. The Chinese culture differs
in various ways from many other cultures. Chinese culture is a traditional culture with many old
and unspoken laws and is one of the oldest cultures, dating back about one million years (Scupin,
2006). China is a land of values, strong beliefs, and strict rules making this country a traditional
one. It is a conservative country because its views are concerned with one’s social status, with
the care for family, and self- discipline (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). China is a communist country,
ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which provides the government with a significant
amount of power over its people and makes the country one that values hierarchy instead of
egalitarianism. Understanding the Chinese culture means first comprehending their language in
written and spoken form. Many languages are spoken in this country and how many was

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acknowledged in 1955, when China officially declared there are eight major dialects. The
Chinese culture is a very family oriented culture but completely different from the Western
tradition. The Chinese family is paternally based and generation and age make other distinctions
on the order in a family. This clearly helps everyone to understand the rank and importance of
family members, which is segregated by one’s age, relation to whom, and gender. This
separation is very significant because it indicates the rights and obligations one possesses. The
order in a family provides security and tells one what his or her place is in society. For instance,
there is the difference between genders, which shows that if a male commits a crime he will be
punished not only differently but also less harshly when compared to a female. Traditionally, a
marriage only occurred if it were arranged between two families. This changed, as very often
individuals can marry if they have strong feelings for each other. How intertwined and important
the government was and is can be seen in how much it regulates a family. What mattered for the
government was always one’s loyalty and commitment to it; therefore, the expectation of being
sent anywhere, at any time, was possible. Another way in which the government controlled and
still controls the family is through one-child family policy. Even though more modernization
influences this country through the use of technology, including the internet, there are still many
unspoken laws. These laws and rules have longstanding tradition and are one of the reasons for
its effectiveness and strengths (Scupin, 2006).
American Nontraditional Culture
A culture based on new practices, ideas, and principles is a nontraditional culture. With a
nontraditional culture it is technology and knowledge-driven, dynamic and absorbing. The
United States is large in technology and has many industries such as the service industry, which
is the largest. Children enter pre-school then kindergarten before entering grade school. Then

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