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Psy 450 What is the fundamental attribution error

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What is critical thinking? What characteristics do critical thinkers demonstrate?
Why is critical thinking important to the field of cross cultural psychology?
Critical thinking is an essential tool if applied properly and benefits one
tremendously. When I try to understand more clearly, what critical thinking is or means,
I try to look at my own life. Life itself is very complex just as humans are and to be able
to navigate through life with the most purpose and sense, one needs to apply critical
thinking. Being able to think critically means being able to deal with and resolve
dilemmas in our lives. Critical thinking is not something everyone can just apply or do.
Instead, critical thinking actually has to be learned and trained, just as our bodies need to
be, so that one is capable of thinking abstractly, is able to resolve problems, can arrange
thoughts correctly and more deliberately, and is able to express him or herself more
appropriately and justifiably. Critical thinking helps one to voyage through life, ask
questions if needed, and resolve problems when required. If one is incompetent in asking
the right questions or working out the problems in his or her life, then he or she is not
growing to their fullest (Hunter, 2009). Just as stated in our textbook, being able to think
critically is necessary for learning. One of the characteristics critical thinkers show, for
instance, is the proper use of language. Speaking five languages, I know how tricky
words can be. Trying to translate something into a different language does not always
mean it will be understood correctly or in the way one wants be acknowledged.
Language can be applied in various ways and can be harmful, convincing, or even
uplifting. Another way critical thinking can be demonstrated is through how one

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categorizing anything in life. Everyone possesses schemas, which are helpful because
they allow one to process information faster by organizing what one already knows.
Unfortunately, at same time, they allow for bias. Therefore, assimilation biases prevent
one from thinking critically. Another characteristic of a critical thinker is not to make
snap decisions but instead to take time in making the decisions. However, one does not
always have the time; being able to apply the correct mental shortcuts can become very
valuable (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Clearly, various characteristics demonstrate critical
thinking and help one to function better. One of the reasons why critical thinking is so
valuable to cross cultural psychology is because it helps to evaluate research more
thoroughly. When it comes, for instance, to cross cultural research, it is very important to
apply critical thinking. This will help one to read the research done by others error free
and will enable one to estimate its validity (Segal, Dasen, Berry & Poortinga, 1999).
References
Hunter, D., A. (2009). A particle guide to critical thinking: Deciding what to do and
believe.
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Segal, M., H., Dasen, P., R., Berry, J., W. & Poortinga, Y., H. (1999). Human behavior in
global
perspective: An introduction to cross-cultural psychology.(2
nd
.ed.). Needham
Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon
Shiraev, E. B., & Levy, D. A. (2010). Cross-cultural psychology: Critical thinking and
contemporary applications (4
th
. ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

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Anonymous
Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.

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