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HS 380 Midterm Exam Study Guide

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HS 380: Midterm Exam Study Guide
This is merely a guide of topics and information covered in the first half of the
semester, and does not provide the depth of the content knowledge that you will need to
be responsible for.
**Exam questions may contain information from assigned Online Lectures, Power
Points, Quizzes, In-Class Discussions and Readings.
Health Care and Lifestyle Behaviors
What trends are evident in chronic and infectious diseases?
1. Chronic diseases are increasing while infectious diseases are lowering.
How is “health” defined?
1. The state of being free from illness or injury.
What are considered the 7 key healthy lifestyle behaviors by NHANES?
1. Physically Active
2. Nonsmoking
3. Maintain healthy bodyweight
4. Maintain normal BP levels
5. 5. Maintain normal blood glucose levels
6. 6. Maintain a normal total cholesterol level
7. 7. Eat a healthy diet -- low in cholesterol and (sat & trans) fat; with low-fat protein;
whole grain and little sodium
What “lifestyle” factors are responsible for most illness and death in our society?
1. Tobacco, sedentary lifestyle
What are the primary modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular
disease?
1. Non-modifiable: sex, age, heredity
2. Modifiable: Smoking, hypertension, cholesterol, physical inactivity, obesity
Describe how some risk factors may be related to each other.
1. Often, many risk factors have the same or similar outcomes.
Describe how some health outcomes can be related to each other.
1. Many health outcomes have the same or similar risk factors.
Describe the wellness continuum in your own words.
1. Continuum from illness to wellness, middle is no illness or wellness, always move
towards wellness.
The Case for WHP and Best Practices
What does “benchmarking” mean and how does it relate to health promotion?
1. Evaluating something by comparison with a standard. Use best practices to
compare one’s business processes and performance metrics to industry bests
and practices from other companies.
What are the four different types of benchmarking and how do they differ?
1. Internal: using data from within a company to compare one section to another
2. Competitive: examines practices of a direct competitor.
3. Functional: Compares against other organizations with similar functions
4. General: Observation of a wide variety of companies regardless of industry.
What are the optimal characteristics or ‘Best Practices’ for health promotion programs?
1. High Impact and High Control
Which Best Practices do worksite health professionals have the highest control over?

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1. Communication of evaluation results, linkage of program to business goal,
effective communication.
Needs Assessments
Why are needs assessments important for health promotion?
o Establishes a baseline for the company and is a means for a follow up
study to evaluate the program.
o Determine needs, identify high risk people, identify readiness to change,
individual feedback, and marketing of program.
What do health interest surveys provide that is useful for health promotion purposes?
o Provide information about what employees want.
What different types of beneficial program data can a Needs Assessment or Health Risk
Analysis collect from employees?
o Demographic information, health status, health history, health behaviors,
readiness for change, and preferences and interests.
Health Screening
Understand the basic concepts of health screenings discussed in class:
o BIA, Blood Pressure, HRA
“Silent killer,” take it seated with feet uncrossed. Wait a few minutes
to sit and rest.
o Equipment terminology
Sphygmomanometer: BP cuff
Stethoscope: listens to heart.
BIA: bioelectrical impedance device
o Proper Techniques
o Paperwork
Program Planning
How can goals and objectives be differentiated?
1. Goals are broad health goals but objectives are specific.
What are the two categories of goals/motives within an organization?
1. Organizational Goals and Health Goals
What are the six steps involved in the planning and implementation process?
1. Organizational Mission
2. Set Goals
3. Set objectives
4. Program development
5. Program Implementation
6. Program evaluation
What are the characteristics of a correctly worded objective?
1. Who, what, by when, and how much
What are the four main types of objectives?
1. Process: awareness, participation, attendance
2. Learning: Knowledge, attitude, understanding
3. Behavioral: Physical activity, changes a behavior
4. Outcome: Health outcome, risk reduction, cost savings
Be able to correctly write and label all types of objectives.
Outline the steps in the “professional process” and how they relate to each other in a
cyclical manner.

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HS 380: Midterm Exam Study Guide This is merely a guide of topics and information covered in the first half of the semester, and does not provide the depth of the content knowledge that you will need to be responsible for. **Exam questions may contain information from assigned Online Lectures, Power Points, Quizzes, In-Class Discussions and Readings. Health Care and Lifestyle Behaviors • • • • • • • • What trends are evident in chronic and infectious diseases? 1. Chronic diseases are increasing while infectious diseases are lowering. How is “health” defined? 1. The state of being free from illness or injury. What are considered the 7 key healthy lifestyle behaviors by NHANES? 1. Physically Active 2. Nonsmoking 3. Maintain healthy bodyweight 4. Maintain normal BP levels 5. 5. Maintain normal blood glucose levels 6. 6. Maintain a normal total cholesterol level 7. 7. Eat a healthy diet -- low in cholesterol and (sat & trans) fat; with low-fat protein; whole grain and little sodium What “lifestyle” factors are responsible for most illness and death in our society? 1. Tobacco, sedentary lifestyle What are the primary modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease? 1. Non-modifiable: sex, age, heredity 2. Modifiable: Smoking, hypertension, cholesterol, physical inactivity, obesity Describe how some risk factors may be related to each other. 1. Often, many risk factors have the same or similar outcomes. Describe how some health outco ...
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