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HIS 144 Industrial Revolution Essay

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Sadia Mahmood
HIS-144
03/02/2020
Jonathan Davis
With the beginning of 18
th
century a major revolution took place that changed the life of
citizen of United States, this revolution was called Industrial Revolution. Industrial revolution
changed the way business was conducted entirely; from production to transportation everything
became more fast and reliable. This revolution helped United States to increase its dominion by
adding more territories and becoming a huge industrial empire that could fulfill the needs of a
modern state. Technology allowed factories to mass produce goods on assembly lines and
provided digital communications for businesses to transmit information between each other.
(Niiler,2020). With the introduction of railway system, delivery and transportation of goods
became fast and easy. The lives of Americans were changed drastically as it reinforced the pace
of people’s daily lives and changed the way businesses and middle-class performed. (Engelman,
2020).
Andrew Carnegie a Scottish-born American industrialist, helped expand the steel industry
in early 19
th
century that helped shape the face of steel industry still utilized today in United
States. He used to work in telegraph office under his superintendent Thomas Scott who worked
in Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Thomas Scott helped him understand and learn the work
ethics of an industry which helped him to become a superintendent himself of Pittsburg division.
His first investment was in Woodruff sleeping car company which was a success and later on
became the first American railroad car in United States. This made him a fortune and he setup
his own steel company by the name Carnegie Steel Company in 1870 which was also one of the

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first steel manufacturing company in the United States. His company flourished even more by
purchasing the coke fields and iron-ore deposits that provide the raw materials for steelmaking.
(Encyclopedia Britannica Inc, 2019).
John D. Rockefeller was the founder of the largest oil company in Cleveland, Standard
Oil Company. Although the petroleum industry was being discovered by eager entrepreneurs,
their business strategies were not yet mastered. Rockefeller implemented vertical and horizontal
integration. His goal was to eliminate other companies to limit competition in the petroleum
industry. He made his own barrels, owned warehouses and tank cars, produced the raw
materials and transportation the company needed to operate and by used kerosene by-products to
fight waste. As Standard Oil Company continued to prosper, new oil fields were purchased,
new refineries were built, and new refining methods were introduced. He was a very wealthy
man who had several wealthy business partners. Rockefeller forced owners of the remaining
Cleveland oil refineries to sell their businesses by accepting cash, Standard Oil stock or simply
be driven out of business. By 1875, his company was refining half of the oil products being
produced in the United States. (Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2019).
Both the companies run by Andrew Carnage and Rockefeller were utilizing unethical and
improper ways to get the work done by their workers. Workers were not provided proper
working conditions and were mostly underpaid. This caused the workers to raise their voice by
forming Worker Unions and gain power to make sure the Industrialist and government hear their
voice and earn a little better wage. Government also wasn’t serious about labor safety and proper
wages until the Labor Unions were formed which caused the government to implement some
legislation to help workers. The Knight of Labor was one such Labor Union that was the first

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1 Sadia Mahmood HIS-144 03/02/2020 Jonathan Davis With the beginning of 18th century a major revolution took place that changed the life of citizen of United States, this revolution was called Industrial Revolution. Industrial revolution changed the way business was conducted entirely; from production to transportation everything became more fast and reliable. This revolution helped United States to increase its dominion by adding more territories and becoming a huge industrial empire that could fulfill the needs of a modern state. “Technology allowed factories to mass produce goods on assembly lines and provided digital communications for businesses to transmit information between each other”. (Niiler,2020). With the introduction of railway system, delivery and transportation of goods became fast and easy. “The lives of Americans were changed drastically as it reinforced the pace of people’s daily lives and changed the way businesses and middle-class performed.” (Engelman, 2020). Andrew Carnegie a Scottish-born American industrialist, helped expand the steel industry in early 19th century that helped shape the face of steel industry still utilized today in United States. ...
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