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PSY 320 Using Health Services Study Notes Exam II

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Psychology 320: Health Psychology, Spring 2017 (Instructor: Leong)
Exam 2 Study Guide
Chapter 5
1. Define obesity and its risks.
Characteristics of health compromising behaviors
o Habitual and addictive
o Window of vulnerability in adolescence
o Influenced by peer pressure
o Pleasurable and helps to cope with stress
o Develop gradually
o Have similar causative factors
o Common in lower social classes (highly correlated with education)
Obesity
o Excessive accumulation of body fat
o Risks
Contributes to
Death rates for all cancers and cardiovascular disease
Atherosclerosis, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and heart failure
increases risks in surgery, anesthesia administration, and childbearing
o major cause of disability
o lowers the drive to exercise
o difficulty performing basic tasks
o poor cognitive functioning
o associated with early mortality
o can cause psychological, social, and economic stress
SES, culture, and Obesity
o Factors that influence obesity
Social status and culture
Depression
High neuroticism, extraversion, and impulsivity
Social networks
Siblings and friends who are obese
African American women have a higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (and
are dying at a higher rate than any other group)
o Latino Health Paradox
2. Describe the prevalence of obesity in childhood.
Causes
o Genetics

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o Forceful feeding style
o Sedentary life
Depends on the number and size of an individual’s fat cells
3. Describe dieting as a risk factor for obesity.
Yo-yo dieting: successive cycles of dieting and weight gain
o Enhances the efficiency of food use
o Lowers metabolic rate
Set point theory of weight: each individual has an ideal biological weight, which cannot be
greatly modified
Stress
o Affects eating habits of different people in different ways
o Can disinhibit food consumption
o Stress eating: practice of eating in response to stress
Tied to anxiety and depression
4. Define the set point theory of weight.
Set point theory of weight: each individual has an ideal biological weight, which cannot be
greatly modified
5. Summarize the different interventions used in obesity.
Ways to treat obesity
o Dieting
o Surgery
o Cognitive behavioral therapy
Screening
Self monitoring
Stimulus control
Controlling eating
o Self reinforcement
o Controlling self-talk
o Adding exercise
o Stress management
o Social support
o Relapse prevention
6. Describe the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy.
o Cognitive behavioral therapy
Screening
Self monitoring
Stimulus control
Controlling eating

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Psychology 320: Health Psychology, Spring 2017 (Instructor: Leong) Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 5 1. Define obesity and its risks. • Characteristics of health –compromising behaviors o Habitual and addictive o Window of vulnerability in adolescence o Influenced by peer pressure o Pleasurable and helps to cope with stress o Develop gradually o Have similar causative factors o Common in lower social classes (highly correlated with education) • Obesity o Excessive accumulation of body fat o Risks ▪ Contributes to • Death rates for all cancers and cardiovascular disease • Atherosclerosis, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and heart failure ▪ increases risks in surgery, anesthesia administration, and childbearing o major cause of disability o lowers the drive to exercise o difficulty performing basic tasks o poor cognitive functioning o associated with early mortality o can cause psychological, social, and economic stress • SES, culture, and Obesity o Factors that influence obesity ▪ Social status and culture ▪ Depression ▪ High neuroticism, extraversion, and impulsivity ▪ Social networks ▪ Siblings and friends who are obese ▪ African American women have a higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (and are dying at a higher rate than any other group) o Latino Health Paradox 2. Describe the prevalence of obesity in childhood. • Causes o Genetics • o Forceful feeding style o Sedentary life Depends on the number and size of an individual’s fat cell ...
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