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HIS 204 WEEK 1 DQ 6

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During a remarkable period of change from roughly 1865 to the early 20th century, the great cities that we know and
love today expanded at an incredibly rapid pace and went through a fundamental transformation in composition and
construction. Select one of the ways that the American city was changing and analyze its historical significance
(explain why this topic is important to the study of the history of the nation). What short and long term effects did the
transformation of American cities have on the nation?
Your initial post should be at least 150 words in length. Support your claims with examples from required material(s)
and/or other scholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts
by Day 7. In your response to your classmates, comment on their selection for a way that the American city was
changing. Also, compare and contrast to your own selection.
During a remarkable period of change from roughly 1865 to the early 20
th
century, the
great cities that we know and love today expanded at an incredibly rapid pace and
went through a fundamental transformation in composition and construction. Select
one of the ways that the American city was changing and analyze its historical
significance (explain why this topic is important to the study of the history of the
nation). The Railroad was a very big change for every American city. Not only did
the railroad make way for new jobs it also made it easier for people to get from one
city to the other. By 1850, almost 9,000 miles of railroad track covered the United
States, and in that year the government began to encourage railroad development by
giving land grants in the Midwest to railroad companies. By 1857, the government
had given 18 million acres of land to railroad companies; three years later there were
30,000 miles of railroad track in America. This eventually led to the greatest
achievement of all: the transcontinental railroad. At that time, the United States did
not have the coordinated network of roads that it has now. Traveling was an arduous
process, and the efforts required to move families and their belongings across the
nation were daunting (Bowles, 2011).
What short and long term effects did the transformation of American cities have on
the nation? The short term effects just connected cities through the track, the long
term effect that the railroad is still very important to American cities to this day as it
transports materials to each city but also passengers.
Reference:
Bowles, M. D. (2011). American History: 1865-Present, End of Isolation (p. 23). San Diego,
CA: Bridgeport Education. Retrieved May 7, 2011

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