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John Stuart Mill, Immanuel Kant and Aristotle Discussion

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Psychology

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1. To what was Mill referring when he said, “It is better to be a human being
dissatisfied than a pig satisfied”? Do you agree with this statement? Why or why
not? Please give reasons to support your claim.
Mill is saying that it is better to be the Higher being, in this case the human, than it is to the lower being,
the Pig, because of the knowledge that comes with being Human. He uses this analogy to demonstrate
that know person with higher knowledge would choose a life with less knowledge in it. He also explains
that people with less knowledge may think they are satisfied in life, but if they knew better, they would
no longer that they were actually satisfied at all. This is where the phrase “Ignorance is Bliss” comes
from, because often times, yes it is blissful to know less, but in the end a “Higher” person is often left
unsatisfied because they don’t want the blissfulness of ignorance, they want the knowledge of knowing
more. I do agree with his statements, because I like to claim that Ignorance is Bliss, but my brain will not
drop things. If someone is talking and they will not include me or explain to me what they are talking
about, I get upset. I am a person that always listens, and is always trying to understand everything that is
going on around me. So I may say, ignorance is bliss, but I will always end up asking questions to try to
further my understanding of what is being talked about.
2. Why does Kant say that the good will is good without qualification? Do you agree
with Kant? Why or why not? Please give reasons to support your claim.
Kant explains that to have good will without qualification, is to be a person who’s motivation is to do
good things, and to act upon those good things. It is not good will if you just think about doing good
things, unless you then carry them out. For an example, you can think, I want to go down to the
homeless shelter and serve food on Thanksgiving. It is not good will unless you act upon that
thought and then carry it out. This means that good will is always good, because it is the act of doing
good. I do agree with Kant’s explanation of good will. It is not enough for someone to simple think
about doing good deeds, because what good is just thinking about it. You have to act out your good
deeds in order to truly be good. It is good to think about good things as well, because the more you
think about doing good things, the better your chances are that you will actually act upon those
good thoughts, and vice versa. If someone thinks bad thought or ill will thoughts all the time, the
likelihood that that person will do good things is slim. But in the end, its our actions that are judged
not out thoughts.
3. According to Aristotle, what is happiness and how does it relate to virtue? Do you
agree with Aristotle? Why or why not? Please give reasons to support your claim.
For Aristotle, happiness is our highest goal in life. He states that we should not aim at happiness, but
do happiness. I think that goes along with what Kant was explaining about good will, only Aristotle
relates it to happiness. Don’t just “think” about being happy, go and “do happy”. Aristotle goes on to
explain that happiness, is not about the physical things in life but the good things we do in life that
will bring us happiness. He then explains that people who are virtuous, are the most happy because
they have behave in the right manner. Courage is a sign of virtue, people who are courageous will be
confident in the face of fear, and will see their courageousness as virtue, and be happy. On the other

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1. To what was Mill referring when he said, “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied”? Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not? Please give reasons to support your claim. Mill is saying that it is better to be the Higher being, in this case the human, than it is to the lower being, the Pig, because of the knowledge that comes with being Human. He uses this analogy to demonstrate that know person with higher knowledge would choose a life with less knowledge in it. He also explains that people with less knowledge may think they are satisfied in life, but ...
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