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Nonrenewable Energy Worksheet

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Science
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Free Response Question
Nonrenewable Energy
Total score: ____ of 20 points
(Score for Question 1: ___ of 20 points)
1. The graphs below depict the price of crude oil from 19702010 and the top consuming countries
of petroleum for 19602008.
a. If the five countries continue on the same trend shown for the past 40 years, calculate
how much oil will be needed in the year 2020.
b. Calculate the total expenditure on petroleum for the five countries in the years 1975 and
2008. Calculate the percent increase this represents.
c. Explain why there was very little interest in identifying and developing the technology for
renewable resources during the 1970s.
d. Explain why the United States showed a sharp decline in the amount of petroleum
consumed from 19801985 and discuss how this was achieved.
Petroleum Consumption of Top Consuming Countries
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
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(a)
1. For the US, it will rise to around 22 million barrels a day considering that on average,
the number went up 2 million barrels every decade since starting in 1960 at around 10
million barrels a day.
2. For Russia, it seems as if the number will be static and it will not increase by the year
2020. However, it could follow the trend of the Former USSR and potentially
increase by around 5 million barrels per day.
3. For Japan, it seems as this country will also stay static and not increase or decrease
their use of oil by the year 2020. It may move up by 1 or 2 million barrels per day, but
an increase for them would not be drastic.
4. For China, they will probably increase their use of oil to around 10 to 11 million
barrels per day by 2020. Though they started off slow with their oil usage, they
eventually started to skyrocket in the 1990s, showing that they will most likely
continue that trend and increase the daily million barrels by 3 each decade.
5. For India, they will most likely increase their oil usage to around 5 million barrels per
day by 2020. The rate they have been for the past 40 years appears to be an increase
of around 1 million barrels per day each decade.
(b) Formula: Dollars per barrel x Million Barrels per day = Total Daily Oil Price. Total Daily Oil
Price x 365 = Yearly Oil Expenditure. Each number is an approximate and may be subject to
rounding errors.
1. The US in 1975: $105 billion. The US in 2008: $219 billion. This represents a
108.5% increase.
2. Russia in 1975: $52.5 billion. Russia in 2008: $32.8 billion. This represents a 37.5%
increase.
3. Japan in 1975: $32.8 billion. Japan in 2008: $43.8 billion. This represents a 33.5%
increase.
4. China in 1975: $13.1 billion. China in 2008: $76.6 billion. This represents a 484%
increase