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HUMN 100 6383 Renaissance Review Notes

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Chapter 7: The Renaissance (1400-1600 AD)
By the year 1400 AD, a new period has emerged in Europe. This new period will begin in Florence, Italy and will
quickly spread throughout Europe.
This new period of “rebirth” is known as the Renaissance. The Renaissance will emphasize the importance of
knowledge and a well-rounded education. This period will stress the beauty, power, and potential of the
individual, and will look to the magnificent artistic and philosophical achievements of the ancient Greco-Roman
world for inspiration. The renewed humanism of the Renaissance will produce another Golden Age.
Chapter 7: Renaissance Review
Introduction: Define “Renaissance”. REBIRTH //// Cite approximate dates for the Renaissance. 1400-1600
Where did the Renaissance begin? FLORENCE, ITALY(Cite country and city)
What famous Florentine family became a powerful force in art patronage during the Renaissance? MEDICI
What two ancient civilizations most strongly influenced Renaissance philosophy/art/architecture? GREECE & ROME
A - Philosophy: Define/Discuss: Humanism = HUMANS ARE GREAT . Neoplatonism PLATO+CHRISTIAN
Know quotes by Marsilio Ficino and Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the Dignity of Man.
Discuss Humanism as reflected in Renaissance art, philosophy, and literature. (Cite specific works)
B Painting: Know these paintings/drawings:
Birth of Venus (Artist= BOTTICELLI / Patron= MEDICI / Subject=BIRTH OF VENUS)
Primavera (Artist= BOTTICELLI / Patron= MEDICI / Subject=DIFFERENT TYPES of LOVE)
Vitruvian Man (Artist= LEONARDO /Who was Vitruvius?= A ROMAN ARCHITECT)
Cecilia Gallerani (Artist, Patron, Subject)
Mona Lisa (Artist, Patron, Subject)
Madonna of the Rocks (Artist = LEONARDO / Subject = MARY & BABY JESUS)
Last Supper (Artist= LEONARDO / Patron = SFORZA / Subject= JESUS’s LAST SUPPER)
School of Athens (Artist=RAPHAEL / Patron=POPE JULIUS II / Location=VATICAN
Technique=FRESCO )
C Michelangelo: Who “adopted” the young Michelangelo and took care of his education? MEDICI
Discuss how Plato’s Theory of Ideas affected Michelangelo’s concept of sculpture.
Pieta ( “Pieta” means=COMPASSION / In art, a Pieta =MARY HOLDING DEAD JESUS)
David (Artist=MICHELANGELO /Patron=CITY OF FLORENCE /
Who was David?=A CHARACTER FROM THE BIBLE)
Moses (Know the Artist, Patron, and Intended use. Who was Moses?)
Sistine Chapel ceiling (Artist= MICHELANGELO / Patron= POPE JULIUS II
Location=VATICAN / Technique=FRESCO /Subject=GENESIS/BIBLE.)
Medici Chapel (Know the Architect, Patron, and Intended use.)
St. Peter’s Cathedral (Patron= POPE JULIUS II / Architect of the dome= MICHELANGELO)
D Architecture: Villa Rotunda (Architect=PALLADIO
What 2 ancient buildings that influenced it?=PARTHENON & PANTHEON)
What does “Palladian” mean?=GRECO-ROMAN
“Palladian” is synonymous w/ = GRECO-ROMAN
Cite Greco-Roman architectural elements seen in Renaissance buildings. (YOU KNOW THIS!)
E - Music: What is a Mass?=THE SERVICE OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
What is a Madrigal?=POP (SECULAR) SONG
Who is Palestrina? COMPOSER of the POPE MARCELLUS MASS
Define: Monophony=ONE MELODY / Polyphony=MANY MELODIES
A Cappella=VOICE ONLY (it literally means IN THE CHAPEL)

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Listen on YOUTUBE: COPY AND PASTE LINK INTO YOUTUBE
Pope Marcellus Mass - Kyrie by Palestrina (Composer=PALESTRINA/ Genre=MASS)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIcrgNtyX0U
Matona Mia Cara by Orlando de Lassus (Genre= MADRIGAL)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWdrIktHCGM
Terms/Define/Know: Renaissance, Humanism, Aesthetics
Fresco =PAINTING ON WET PLASTER
The Vatican= HEADQUARTERS OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. It’s in ROME
Greco-Roman, Palladian, Judeo-Christian, Patron, Commission, Sacred, Secular, Neo-Platonism,
Chiaroscuro=LIGHT & DARK / Sfumato=SHADING / Perspective=ILLUSION OF DISTANCE
Mass, Madrigal, Polyphony, A Cappella
People: Pico, Ficino, Botticelli, Leonardo, Raphael, Michelangelo, Lorenzo de Medici,
The Medici family, Ludovico Sforza, Pope Julius II, Palestrina, Palladio,
_________________________________________________________________
Philosophy Literature [Know the BOLDED / BULLETED / RED quotes]
FICINO: Marsilio Ficino (1433 - 1499)
To contemplate beauty is to contemplate God.
__________________________________________
PICO: Pico dela Mirandola (1463 - 1494) From: Oration on the Dignity of Man (Ca. 1486)
Upon man, at the moment of his creation, God bestowed seeds
pregnant with all possibilities.
We have made you neither of heaven nor of earth, so that with freedom of choice, and with
honor, as the free and proud shaper of your own being, you may fashion yourself in whatever
shape you shall prefer. … You will have the power to descend into the lower forms which are
brutish. You will have the power, out of thy soul’s judgment, to be born into the higher forms
which are divine.
Individuals possess the power to make of themselves what they wish.
Oh unsurpassed generosity of God the Father, Oh wondrous and unsurpassed
happiness of man, to whom it is granted to have all that he chooses, to be all that
which he wills to be!
The acuteness of his senses, the inquiry of his reason, and the light of his
intelligence…justify man’s unique right to unbounded admiration.
Man is, with complete justice, to be called a great miracle.
There is nothing more wonderful to be seen than man.

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Chapter 7: The Renaissance (1400-1600 AD) By the year 1400 AD, a new period has emerged in Europe. This new period will begin in Florence, Italy and will quickly spread throughout Europe. This new period of “rebirth” is known as the Renaissance. The Renaissance will emphasize the importance of knowledge and a well-rounded education. This period will stress the beauty, power, and potential of the individual, and will look to the magnificent artistic and philosophical achievements of the ancient Greco-Roman world for inspiration. The renewed humanism of the Renaissance will produce another Golden Age. Chapter 7: Renaissance Review Introduction: Define “Renaissance”. REBIRTH //// Cite approximate dates for the Renaissance. 1400-1600 Where did the Renaissance begin? FLORENCE, ITALY(Cite country and city) What famous Florentine family became a powerful force in art patronage during the Renaissance? MEDICI What two ancient civilizations most strongly influenced Renaissance philosophy/art/architecture? GREECE & ROME A - Philosophy: Define/Discuss: Humanism = HUMANS ARE GREAT . Neoplatonism PLATO+CHRISTIAN Know quotes by Marsilio Ficino and Pico della Mirandola’s Oration on the ...
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