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Memory Distortion Presentation

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Long-term Memory - 2 Chapter 5 Memory Distortion: Schacter’s “Seven Sins of Memory” ⚫ Transience – ⚫ Absent-Mindedness – ⚫ Problems with interference between attention and LTM Blocking – ⚫ Loss of memory with passage of time Temporary failure in retrieval from LTM (Tip-of-theTongue) Misattribution – Memory that is ascribed to the wrong source Memory Distortion: Schacter’s “Seven Sins of Memory” ⚫ Suggestibility – ⚫ Someone is led to a false recollection Bias – – Retrospective distortions influenced by who we are (our beliefs, expectations, desires) (top-down processing) Research indicates that people currently displeased with a romantic relationship tend to have a disproportionately negative take on past states of the relationship Memory Distortion: Schacter’s “Seven Sins of Memory” ⚫ Persistence – Continued (but unwanted automatic retrieval of memories we’d just as soon forget) Eyewitness Recall and Identification ⚫ ~77,000 suspects are arrested each year after being identified by eyewitnesses ⚫ Studies of >1,000 known wrongful convictions have pointed to errors in eyewitness identification as “the single largest factor leading to those false convictions” (Well, 1993) Eyewitness Recall and Identification Encoding and Storage Factors in Eyewitness Recall and Identification ⚫ Perceptual factors – ⚫ Emotion and Stress – ⚫ “Weapon focus” – the presence of a weapon ca ...
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Anonymous
Awesome! Perfect study aid.

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