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Art Nouveau & Art Deco Movements Discussion

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ART NOUVEAU
The Art Nouveau was an art movement which began around 1890 in Europe and the
United States. The term art Nouveau was founded in Belgium, by a periodical known as L’Art
Moderne, to describe Les Vingt, an artist group, and in Paris to describe S.Bing’s gallery called
L’Art Nouveau. The Art Nouveau was targeted at modernizing art, revitalizing design from the
imitative historic styles that were popular before. Art Nouveau was identified by the use of an
organic, long and twisting line. Art nouveau was mainly used in interior design, jewelry, glass
design, and architecture. The first houses that used the Art Nouveau were in Brussels. Some of
the artists who used the Art Nouveau style include the Scottish designer and architect, Charles
Rennie Mackintosh, Belgian designers and architects, Henry van de Velde, and Victor Horta,
Spanish sculptor and architect Antonio Gaudi, Louis Henry Sullivan, an American architect
among several others. Emphasis was made on linear contours rather than color, during this time
of Art Nouveau. Most of the new technologies in publishing and printing helped Art Nouveau to
quickly get a global audience. Most Studios in England and France helped the new style to reach
new heights and all corners of Europe. Art Nouveau was influenced by some of the greatest
illustrators such as Aubrey Beardsley of England, Félix Vallotton, and the likes of Eugene
Grasset. The new style was exhibited during major gallery exhibitions and this changed the
status of the Art Nouveau movement, which had been known by critics as a passing trend. My

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opinion about the Art Nouveau is that it was a great style since it was mainly inspired by natural
forms such as the sinuous shapes of flowers and plants, which is very pleasing to the eye.
Art Deco
Art Deco was also called the style moderne. This movement of decorative design began
in the 1920s and later came to develop into a major style in the 1930s. The Art Deco style was
first displayed in Paris in 1925 just before the First World War. Art Deco developed as
Modernism changed into fashion. The new style included products that were crafted individually,
and also mass produced items. The intention of Art Deco was to come up with elegant and sleek
art which symbolized sophistication and wealth. This new style was distinguished by clean
simple shapes, often made with expensive materials to symbolize wealth. Art Deco was
influenced by Art Nouveau, Cubism, and Bauhaus. Most decorative ideas during this originated
from nature, Egyptians, classical sources, and American Indians. Characteristic motifs of this
new style included animals, nude female figures, and sun rays, all in standardized forms. The
main artists involved during the new style of Art Deco included jewel designer Rene Lalique,
metalsmith Jean Puiforcat, architect Eliel Saarinen, furniture designers Maurice Dufrene and
Jacques Ruhlmann among a few others. One of the most monumental buildings of the Art Deco
was the Empire State Building, by Lamb, Harmon and Shreve. Although Art Deco varnished
during Second World War, the late1960s witnessed a renewed interest in Art Deco designs and
architecture. My opinion about Art Deco is that it was one of the major styles of design and has
still remained evident even in the present day designs. Some of the buildings in the United

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Surname 1 Name Instructor Course Date ART NOUVEAU The Art Nouveau was an art movement which began around 1890 in Europe and the United States. The term art Nouveau was founded in Belgium, by a periodical known as L’Art Moderne, to describe Les Vingt, an artist group, and in Paris to describe S.Bing’s gallery called L’Art Nouveau. The Art Nouveau was targeted at modernizing art, revitalizing design from the imitative historic styles that were popular before. Art Nouveau was identified by the use of an organic, long and twisting line. Art nouveau was mainly used in interior design, jewelry, glass design, and architecture. The first houses that used the Art Nouveau were in Brussels. Some of the artists who used the Art Nouveau style include the Scottish designer and architect, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Belgian designers and architects, Henry van de Velde, and Victor Horta, Spanish sculptor and architect Antonio Gaudi, Louis Henry Sullivan, an American architect among several others. Emphasis was made on linear contours rather than color, during this time of Art Nouveau. Most of the new technologies in publishing and printing helped Art Nouveau to quickly get a global audience. ...
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