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PSYCH 101 CU Chicago Models of Development Analysis

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Psychology

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Concordia University Chicago

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Analytical Review

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Analyzing models of development: Psych 101 Concordia Chicago
Within psychology, there are many theories of development that people have analyzed
and discussed over time. However, two examples that have stood out the most are from
Erikson's psychosocial model of development, and Freud's psychosexual model. Both men were
psychologists that took very interesting and in depth looks at the human psyche. However, while
there were some similarities in the way each psychologist presented their works, there were also
differences as well. Both psychologists explored how people think; however, a major difference
is that while one focused on the largest part of the human mind, the other focused on the ego.
The biggest similarity that Erikson and Freud shared, was that they were fascinated with
the human mind and how they can be explored. This was demonstrated through both of their
models of development. As stated in “Erik Erikson”, While Freud was not on to discuss
psychosexual stages, he discusses psychosocial stages. Furthermore, his ideas were greatly
influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s (1923) theory regarding the structure and
topography of personality
1
. This is an example of how both Erikson and Freud had something
in common. Furthermore, it also shows that sometimes, the work of an individual can be
inspired by another if they share the same interests. Now, while this is a similarity that both
psychologists shared, the differences outweighed the similarities, and this was demonstrated
through their mindsets.
1
McLeod, S. ‘Erik Erikson’ http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html, 2013, (accessed 21 September
2016

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Erikson targeted the ego in his psychology research, while Freud looked at the human
mind. As stated in “Erik Erikson”, Whereas Freud was an id psychologist, Erikson was an ego
psychologist. He emphasized the role of society and the conflicts that can take place within the
ego, whereas Freud emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego
2
. In other words,
Erikson’s focus was on culture and how life experiences affect the ego, while Freud dissected the
human mindset starting at the beginning stages of children. More importantly, this is
demonstrated no better than in the models of development that Erikson and Freud implemented
into their studies.
As “Erikson's psychosocial development theory” says, the concepts of the ego being
challenged through conflict are seen through stages such as trust, vs. mistrust, autonomy vs.
shame and doubt, and initiative vs. guilt
3
. While these are only three examples out of the eight
stages of the Erikson’s model of development, we see that life lessons such as whether or not to
trust an individual, embarrassment, and guilt all challenge an individual’s ego.
Now, while Freud’s model of development also challenges the human perspective, he
does so by starting with an individual’s childhood experience. In other words, he believed that
this was a mandatory step. As “Freud’s psychosexual theory of development” states, ‘He
believed that each of us must pass through a series of stages during childhood, and that if we lack
proper nurturing and parenting during a stage, we may become stuck in, or fixated on, that
stage
4
’. Moreover, unlike Erikson’s model which challenges the ego, Freud looks at the
childhood through sexual viewpoints such as oral (babies thumb sucking), anal (experimenting
2
McLeod, S. Erik Eriksonhttp://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html, 2013, (accessed 21 September
2016)
3
Erikson's psychosocial development theory http://www.businessball.com, 2015, (accessed 21 September 2016)
4
‘Freud’s Psychosexual theory of development. http://www.boundless.com, 2015, (accessed 21 September 2016)

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Name Professor Class Due Date Analyzing models of development: Psych 101 – Concordia Chicago Within psychology, there are many theories of development that people have analyzed and discussed over time. However, two examples that have stood out the most are from Erikson's psychosocial model of development, and Freud's psychosexual model. Both men were psychologists that took very interesting and in depth looks at the human psyche. However, while there were some similarities in the way each psychologist presented their works, there were also differences as well. Both psychologists explored how people think; however, a major difference is that while one focused on the largest part of the human mind, the other focused on the ego. The biggest similarity that Erikson and Freud shared, was that they were fascinated with the human mind and how they can be explored. This was demonstrated through both of their models of development. As stated in “Erik Erikson”, ‘While Freud was not on to discuss psychosexual stages, he discusses psychosocial stages. Furthermore, his ideas were greatly influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s (1923) theory regarding the structure and topography ...
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