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Psy 435 Industrial Organizational Psychology

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Running head: INDUSTRIAL/ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 1
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
PSY 435
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University of Phoenix

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INDUSTRIAL/ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY 2
Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Industrial/Organizational psychology (I/O) is a fascinating and engrossing branch in the
field of psychology. Once a discipline that did not provoke much interest, it is today rapidly
growing and receiving much attention. This attention is caused by two major factors. The first
one is because of the focus of I/O psychology. I/O psychology is mostly concerned with the
work environment and therefore, everyone who has held, holds, or will hold a job, is very
interested in the research and outcomes provided by I/O psychology. The other reason is coming
from the investigations done by I/O psychology. These specific investigations produced tested
and proven methods, which are of greatest value to many organizations. It took many years for
I/O psychology to become what it is today and to understand how long and what it took; the
author of this paper will examine the evolution of I/O psychology. In addition, it will be
explained how I/O psychology differs from other branches of psychology, how I/O psychology
can be applied to different organizations and what role research and statistics play in I/O
psychology.
Evolution of I/O Psychology
The field of psychology has a long history leading as far back as to the ancient Greeks.
The same applies to another branch of psychology, I/O psychology. The work of Plato in the
Republic, the early taxonomy and the suggested methods for picking and training individuals,
can be considered as one of the first steps in the direction of the development of I/O psychology.
Interestingly, another one appeared over 3000 years ago when the Chinese created a “system for
bureaucrats that started with local examinations, continued through provincial assessments, and
finished with final evaluations in the capital; this system was used until 1905” (Katzell & Austin,
n.d, p. 803). Even though these first attempts exhibited similarities to the work of what I/ O

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