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Administration Of Correctional Organizations 2

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Bethel University
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Running header: ADMINISTRATION OF CORRECTIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Administration of Correctional Organizations
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ADMINISTRATION OF CORRECTIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2
Question 1
In the United States of America, inmates in both federal and state prisons are entitled
to certain civil and constitutional rights. These rights include the right of access to the courts,
freedom from racial discrimination, the right to adequate medical care, freedom of religion,
freedom of speech, the right to due process, and freedom from unusual and cruel punishment.
The existence of constitutional rights for any person depends on mechanisms to uphold those
rights and protect them from denial or violation. Consequently, prisoners' access to courts is a
vital right upon which the vindication of inmates' other constitutional protections depends. It
is essential to note that, except the United States constitution, state and federal statutes do not
guarantee any significant rights for the convicted prisoners. Today, the majority of the rights
guaranteed to prisoners, including the civil rights of then other United States citizens, are a
result of court rulings rather than administrative or legislative action.
The quote, "The fundamental constitutional right of access to the courts requires prison
authorities to assist inmates in the preparation and filing of meaningful legal papers by
providing prisoners with adequate law libraries or adequate assistance from persons trained in
the law" came from obtained from Bounds vs. Smith. In this case, the United States Supreme
court made a landmark ruling, which culminated in the establishment of law libraries in most
major prisons in the United States.
The right of access to the courts can be said to be the most crucial of all prisoner
rights. This is because it is upon this right that all the other rights turn. Without the right of
access to the courts, most of the prisoners in the United States would not be able to appeal
their sentences or convictions in a meaningful way. Also, the prisoners would find it
significantly impossible to file a lawsuit challenging prison conditions or policies that violate

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Running header: ADMINISTRATION OF CORRECTIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Administration of Correctional Organizations Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Course ADMINISTRATION OF CORRECTIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 2 Question 1 In the United States of America, inmates in both federal and state prisons are entitled to certain civil and constitutional rights. These rights include the right of access to the courts, freedom from racial discrimination, the right to adequate medical care, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, the right to due process, and freedom from unusual and cruel punishment. The existence of constitutional rights for any person depends on mechanisms to uphold those rights and protect them from denial or violation. Consequently, prisoners' access to courts is a vital right upon which the vindication of inmates' other constitutional protections depends. It is essential to note that, except the United States constitution, state and federal statutes do not guarantee any significant rights for the convicted prisoners. Today, the majority of the rights guaranteed to prisoners, including the civil rights of then other United States citizens, are a result of court rulings rather than administrative or legislative action. The quote, "The fundamental constitutional right of access to the courts requires prison authorities to assist inmates in the preparation and filing of meaningful legal papers by providing prisoners with adequate law libraries or adequate assistance from pe ...
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