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Theoretical Perspectives On Psychosocial Development

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Psychology
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America public university
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Running Head: PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES 1
Psychosocial Development Theories
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Running Head: PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES 2
Freud and Eriksen Theoretical Perspectives on Psychosocial Development
Human psychosocial development can only be explained by the use of theories.
Freud and Eriksen developed two of these theories, different but sometimes appearing to
be similar through the way both explain the various stages of development of human lives
during their entire lifespan carried by the presence of unconsciousness (Sigelman, 2014).
They are all perspectives with different evolutions in this life deciding most of the
developments passed throughout human life.
Freud's theory draws a certain perspective that development into adulthood is
precedent by the development of certain body parts. The theory covers the importance of
basic needs and biological forces that influence behavioral change in the passage from
childhood to adulthood. This is the aspect of psychosexual development based on oral,
phallic, latency, and genital change (Stambler, 2017). According to this theory, lack of
development of any of these aspects would have lasting effects even during the later stages
of the human lifespan. Again, lack of provision of some basic needs while a person is in
their childhood might lead them to develop a negative perspective of provision when they
grow up. This theory only covers the childhood stage.
Eriksen's theoretical explanation of the perspective of psychosocial development is
regarded as the most significant. However much that this theory was engineered by Freud's
theory, it's very different. This is because of the way it describes, explains, and draws both
social and economic factors contributing to human development not only in childhood but
also in adulthood, unlike Freud's theory (Timm, 2020). With the development of aspects
like trust, this theory explains that psychosocial development starts with this stage of trust
and mistrust. Then, there is knowledge of good and bad, which creates a sense of guilt.
These are all accompanied by adulthood behavior. Thus, this theory by Eriksen carries
more importance than Freud's Theory.

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Running Head: PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES Psychosocial Development Theories Name Institutional Affiliation Date 1 Running Head: PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORIES 2 Freud and Eriksen Theoretical Perspectives on Psychosocial Development Human psychosocial development can only be explained by the use of theories. Freud and Eriksen developed two of these theories, different but sometimes appearing to be similar through the way both explain the various stages of development of human lives during their entire lifespan carried by the presence of unconsciousness (Sigelman, 2014). They are all perspectives with different evolutions in this life deciding most of the developments passed throughout human life. Freud's theory draws a certain perspective that development into adulthood is precedent by the development of certain body parts. The theory covers the importance of basic needs an ...
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