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How Stress Affects Athletes Mentally and Physically Paper

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How Stress Affects Athletes Mentally and Physically
Stress is basically a response to a stimulus that disrupts the mental or physical stability of
a person. Several studies have confirmed that most athletes struggle with stress every day.
Generally, there are several ways athletes respond to stress. For instance, many times they do
not handle stress well and do not know how to handle it. In this case, the term "stress" usually
has a negative connotation. As a result, trainers should be concerned with how stress affects their
athletes. Fortunately, stress is not always such a bad thing; it sometimes results in a positive
impact. Generally, stress can affect an athlete both mentally and physically. In other words, it
affects their bodies, mood, performance, hormones, and energy. Physically, stress has a
negative impact, while it has both a negative and positive effect on the mental health of an
athlete. Thus, different athletes react to stress differently.
Stress negatively affects athletes' physical well-being. Such stress is usually
accompanied by some physical indicators. One significant effect of stress on athletes is increased
muscle tension, which affects motor functions. In such a case, an athlete is unable to perform
some motor skills such as running, walking, swinging, and so on. Furthermore, stress interferes
with both sleep quantity and quality. The inability to sleep well can make an athlete to
underperform. Also, the impact of troubled sleep and muscle tension can cause fatigue.
According to McGoogan, the athlete seems to lacks energy to participate in sporting activities

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(45). For example, an athlete may develop maladaptive fatigue if he/she does not get help to
manage and control stress. Such a symptom does not quickly go away, and the athlete regularly
suffers from it. Once an athlete shows such a symptom, he/she need to be admitted to a mental
health facility. In the worst-case scenario, the athlete should consider quitting his career in sport.
Moreover, stress impacts an athlete's immune function. The immune system is
essentially supposed to protect the body from harmful substances when it recognizes and
responds to antigens. As a result, a stressed athlete can become more susceptible to illness from
bacteria and viruses. Also, it harms tissue repair. Regarding this, stress slows down the healing
process of injuries as well as minor muscle tears. Thus, an athlete takes longer to heal, which can
affect his or her performance and sporting career. Additionally, stress has some effect on the
brain. "Usually, a stressful event can activate the abnormal motivations, causing hormones such
as adrenaline and cortisol to flow through the body" (Mehrad 19). Precisely, cortisol can cross
the blood-brain barrier, thus impairing essential cognitive processes. In this case, athletes are
harnessed by the stress-energy. Other physical effects of stress include headaches, indigestion,
stomach spasms, among many others.
Mentally, stress can have both a positive and negative impact on athletes. Concerning the
positive impact, some stressors positively affect the physical and psychological health of
athletes. For example, stressor factors that are manageable such as demands and pressure, can
facilitate better stress reactions (Singh 279). In this case, an athlete is bound to perform even
better. The athlete responds well, both mentally and physically. For example, a basketball player
acquires a positive response when the crowd is cheering him. The athlete feels motivated to keep
fighting, thus allowing him to engage well in the competition. Therefore, athletes tend to perform
even better under manageable stress.

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Surname 1 Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Code Date How Stress Affects Athletes Mentally and Physically Stress is basically a response to a stimulus that disrupts the mental or physical stability of a person. Several studies have confirmed that most athletes struggle with stress every day. Generally, there are several ways athletes respond to stress. For instance, many times they do not handle stress well and do not know how to handle it. In this case, the term "stress" usually has a negative connotation. As a result, trainers should be concerned with how stress affects their athletes. Fortunately, stress is not always such a bad thing; it sometimes results in a positive impact. Generally, stress can affect an athlete both mentally and physically. In other words, it affects their bodies, mood, performance, hormones, and energy. Physically, stress has a negative impact, while it has both a negative and positive effect on the mental health of an athlete. Thus, different athletes react to stress differently. Stress negatively affects athletes' physical well-being. Such stress is usually accompanied by some physical indicators. One significant effect of stress on athletes is increased muscle tension, which affects motor functions. In such a case, an athlete is unable to perform some motor skills such as running, walking, swinging, and so on. Furthermore, stress interferes with both sleep quantity and quality. The inability to sleep well can make an athlete to underper ...
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