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PSYC 220 USC Human Development Lifespan Practice Exam

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Psychology
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university of the southern caribbean
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University of the Southern Caribbean
Human Development Lifespan: PSYC220-01
FINAL QUIZ 2020
TRUE/FALSE
The continuity theory says that development occurs in a series of abrupt shifts. False
Nurture is influenced by genetic inheritance and biological factors. False
In the biopsychosocial model, emotional behavior fits into the social component. False
Epigenetics is the study of genetics and environmental factor in shaping behaviour. True
The biopsychosocial model includes four components of human development: the
biological, social, physical and psychological. False.
Our genetic makeup is determined at conception, but our genes are influenced by
environmental factors. True.
In human development, the discontinuity view states that change is gradual and
cumulative. False.
Human development is the study of how people change and how they remain the same
over time. True.
Nature and nurture are not mutually interactive influences in human development. False.
The social component is solely impacted by our interactions with others, our culture, and
our economic status. True.
According to Piaget children learn to reason abstractly around the age of 11. True
Meta-cognitive knowledge is awareness of someone else’s cognitive processes. False
Reading disability is the most common type of learning disabilities in children. True
Adolescents thinking is never egocentric or irrational. False
Psychometric are specialists trained in psychological measurement in areas such as
intelligence and personality. True.

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Mental retardation is defined as substantially above average intelligence and adaptive
behaviour. False.
Familial retardation includes the lower end of the normal range of intelligence. True.
Phonological awareness is knowing sounds by letter combinations. True.
Fitness activities do not provide practice for motor skills. False.
Children in sports use cognitive skills for playing strategies. True.
DEFINITIONS
Socialization is the process by which social norms, roles and expectations are learned.
Gender socialization is the process by which norms and expectations in relation to
gender are learned by women and men.
Socialization is learned through family, church and mass media.
Canalization means that people direct children’s attention to gender appropriate objects.
Verbal appellation is telling children what they are and what is expected of them.
Activity exposure is familiarizing children to the gender appropriate tasks.
Children make sense of the world through schemes
When new experiences fit into existing schemes it is called assimilation
When schemes have to be modified as a consequence of new experiences it is called
accommodation
A neutral stimulus becomes able to elicit a response that was previously caused by
another stimulus, this is called classical conditioning
Behaviours are affected by their consequences, this is called operant conditioning
According to Vygotsky scaffolding studies show that students do not learn as well when
told everything to do nor when left alone to discover on their own.
Effective communication requires paying attention while listening and making sure the
speaker knows if he or she is being understood

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University of the Southern Caribbean Human Development Lifespan: PSYC220-01 FINAL QUIZ 2020 TRUE/FALSE • The continuity theory says that development occurs in a series of abrupt shifts. False • Nurture is influenced by genetic inheritance and biological factors. False • In the biopsychosocial model, emotional behavior fits into the social component. False • Epigenetics is the study of genetics and environmental factor in shaping behaviour. True • The biopsychosocial model includes four components of human development: the biological, social, physical and psychological. False. • Our genetic makeup is determined at conception, but our genes are influenced by environmental factors. True. • In human development, the discontinuity view states that change is gradual and cumulative. False. • Human development is the study of how people change and how they remain t ...
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