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Sources of the Law and the Court System Quiz

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Test Ch. 1: Sources of the Law and the Court System
Date: 8/9/2019
Total Score: 5 out of 5
Percentage: 100%
1. The common law emphasizes rule making through courts deciding individual cases, while the civil law
emphasizes codified law in the form of statutes.
a. FALSE
b. TRUE
Explanation: This is the basic distinction between the two different types of legal systems. In civil law systems, the
laws are set down by lawmakers in written codes while in common law systems, the laws are derived from judges
decisions in individual court cases.
2. One of the disadvantages of a civil law system is that the outcome of disputes is less predictable.
a. FALSE
Explanation: The disadvantage of civil law is that because the rules are strict, there is less room for adjusting the
outcome of the case to the particular set of facts.
b. TRUE
3. A plaintiff from Montana sues a defendant from Illinois for damages of $100,000 resulting from
defendant's alleged negligence under Illinois state law. The case is filed in federal court. This is an example of
federal subject matter jurisdiction.
a. TRUE
Explanation: This an example of diversity jurisdiction, which is one type of federal subject matter jurisdiction.
Diversity jurisdiction means that the plaintiff and the defendant are from different states.
b. FALSE
4. The Second Circuit Federal Court is an example of a court which hears witnesses and views evidence.
a. TRUE
b. FALSE
Explanation: The Circuit Courts in the federal system are appellate courts which only review legal arguments
and the trial record from the lower level court.
5. The Constitution can be amended by the Supreme Court.
a. TRUE
b. FALSE
Explanation: While the Supreme Court can interpret the Constitution, the only way to amend it is through
Congress and ratification by state legislatures.

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Test Ch. 1: Sources of the Law and the Court System • Date: 8/9/2019 • Total Score: 5 out of 5 • Percentage: 100% 1. The common law emphasizes rule making through courts deciding individual cases, while the civil law emphasizes codified law in the form of statutes. • a. FALSE • b. TR ...
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