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Resolving Human Security in Southeast Asia Essay

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Running Head: RESOLVING HUMAN SECURITY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA 1
Resolving Human Security in Southeast Asia
This article aims at capturing the dynamics of security in Southeast Asia as well as
how the state and the non-government actors have responded to the changes. Moreover,
examine whether the human security concepts are applicable in solving internal conflicts in
the region. Human security is the idea that contains the concerns of society’s security. The
Human rights have been used by civil organizations to enhance the farming of human
security. Three different schools of thought have defined human security as security concerns
are developing due to the rapid changes such as the globalization. Some civil-organizations
are now actively involved in redefining security in the Southeast Asia.
The first school of thought elaborates security beyond military security and
incorporates the economic, political and ecological aspects of security. This school
challenges the idea that the states ensure safety through competing for their survival. The
second school aims at limiting the concept of security to maintain the status quo. They argue
that widening the definition of security would expand the study of security and destroy
intellectual coherence. The third school broadens the ideas security much further from
military threats and the state to aims of achieving the goals of human emancipation.

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RESOLVING HUMAN SECURITY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA 2
Southeast Asia is a region with many developing countries where state and non-state
actors have severally responded to the dynamic nature of security. Civil-society organizations
in collaboration of the Southeast Asia nations are playing a significant role in supporting and
promoting human rights and development. Different Asian countries have developed their
version of comprehensive security. Indonesia developed the Ketahanan Nasional (national
resilience) as its security doctrine which incorporated the social-cultural, economic and the
political as well as the military aspects that involve their domestic and international security
environments. This conceptualization of security gives attention to the economic growth and
emphasized on the non-military and multidimensional measures to maintain both the national
and the regional security. For Malaysia, national security has to be monitored from threats
like the conflicts form the diverse racial society as well as the economic recessions. Besides,
national resilience is dependent on regional stability. Other countries such as Singapore have
the Total Defence approach to security where they evaluate the elements such as economic,
civil and military, social and psychological defines. Several other countries have adopted the
same themes. For instance, Thailand, Brunei, and the Philippines.
ASEAN emphasizes on the economic development and regime stability. Member
states of the ASEAN focuses on the trust building, norm-building, and confidence as well as
creating a cooperative approach non-like and like-minded nations to address their security
issues. This has resulted in collective and comprehensive security in their discourse among
the ASEAN regional FORUM. Non-governmental actors such as the council for security
cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) have reinforced the ideas. CSCAP advocated for the
interdependence, cooperative and sharing security as a way to build comprehensive
protection. Besides the memorandum led to the proposal for multinational security forum.
ASEAN disregard the demonstration made by the NGOs against the governments.

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Running Head: RESOLVING HUMAN SECURITY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA 1 Resolving Human Security in Southeast Asia This article aims at capturing the dynamics of security in Southeast Asia as well as how the state and the non-government actors have responded to the changes. Moreover, examine whether the human security concepts are applicable in solving internal conflicts in the region. Human security is the idea that contains the concerns of society’s security. The Human rights have been used by civil organizations to enhance the farming of human security. Three different schools of thought have defined human security as security concerns are developing due to the rapid changes such as the globalization. Some civil-organizations are now actively involved in redefining security in the Southeast Asia. The first school of thought elaborates security beyond military security and incorporates the econ ...
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