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Psy 410 Week 2 - Matrix Individual.

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Anxiety, Mood/Aect, and Somatoform/Dissociative Disorders Matrix
Deniti
ons
Anxiety Mood/Aect
Disorders disorders
Somatoform Dissociative
Disorders Disorders
DSM-IV
TR
Disorders/
Statistical
Generalized anxiety
disorder: Chronic,
debilitating
nervousness (lifetime
prevalence estimate:
between 5% of the
population.
-Panic Disorder:
Episodes of acute
terror in the absence of
real danger (lifetime
prevalence estimate:
between 1%-2%.
-Phobias: 3 subtypes
of phobias including
social, agoraphobia,
and specific:
Persistent, irrational
fear and a voidance of
particular objects or
situations (lifetime
prevalence estimated:
between 9% and 24%.
-Obsessive-
Compulsive
Disorder: Anxiety-
producing, unwanted
thoughts, usually
Major Depressive Disorder:
The occurrence of one or
more major depressive
episodes (lifetime prevalence:
approximately 17% of the
U.S. population).
-Dysthymic Disorder:
Depression that is less sever
but more chronic than a major
depressive episode, lasting at
least two years in adults or
one year in children and
adolescents (lifetime
prevalence: approximately
6%).
-Bipolar I Disorder-
Combination of manic and
major depressive episodes
(lifetime prevalence:
approximately 1%).
-Bipolar II Disorder-
Combination of hypomanic
and major depressive episodes
(lifetime prevalence:
approximately 0.5%).
Cyclothymic Disorder-
Conversion
Disorder- 










 
-Somatization
Disorder- !
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


$
$
$
-Pain Disorder-
%


&"'
Depersonalization disorder
-Persistent and distressing
feelings of being detached
from one’s mind or body
(lifetime prevalence estimate:
up to 2.8% of U.S.
population).
Dissociative amnesia
-Inability to recall important
personal information, usually
of a traumatic or stressful
nature (lifetime prevalence
estimate: up to 6% in some
highly traumatized
population.
Dissociative fugue
-Sudden and unexpected
travel away from home
accompanied by forgetting of
one’s past and personal
identity (lifetime prevalence
estimate: 0.2%).
Dissociative identity
disorder
-(formerly multiple
personality disorder).
Presence of two or more
distinct personalities or
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leading to compulsive
rituals (lifetime
prevalence estimate:
1%-2.5%).
Posttraumatic Stress
Disorder: Various,
specific symptoms
occurring in the wake
of a traumatic
experience (lifetime
prevalence estimate:
over 8%.
Acute Stress
Disorder:
It is estimated as many
as 90% of rape
victims, prisoners of
war, and concentration
camp survivors
developed a stress
disorder.
-5 to 10 % of the
people in automobile
accidents develop a
stress disorder.
-20% of the residents
in lower Manhattan
experienced a stress
disorder post 9/11.
Combination of hypomanic
and depressive mood swings
that are less severe than in
Bipolar I and II disorders but
occur chronically for at least
two years (lifetime
prevalence: up to 1%).
(

)
 
Hypochondriasis
-%*
"
&
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


+


$,-
. 
-Body dysmorphic
Disorder-
%

#


& 
identity state that recurrently
control an individual’s
behavior (lifetime prevalence
estimate: highly controversial,
but generally believed to
occur at far less than 1%).
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Diagnostic
Criteria
Generalized Anxiety
Disorders (GAD)
Persuasive anxiety for
at least six months
-difficulty controlling
the anxiety
-The anxiety includes
three or more of the
following symptoms:
restlessness, fatigue,
difficulty
concentrating,
irritability, muscle
tension, sleep
disturbance.
-The anxiety, worry, or
physical symptoms
cause significant
distress or impairment
in normal functioning
and are not due to the
effects of a
medication, drug, or
medical condition.
Panic Disorder (PD)
-episodes of intense
panic including at
least four of the
following symptoms:
pounding heart,
sweating , shaking ,
shortness of breath,
Major Depressive Disorders
- Depressed mood most of the
day, nearly every day
-Diminished interest or
pleasure in all or almost all
activities nearly every day
-Significant weight loss or
weight gain
-Insomnia or hypersomnia
(excessive sleeping) nearly
every day.
-Restlessness or lethargy
nearly every day.
-Frequent fatigue or loss of
energy.
-Feelings of worthlessness or
inappropriate guilt
-Difficulty thinking,
concentrating, or making
decisions.
-Recurrent thoughts of death
or suicide, planning for
suicide, or suicide attempt.
Dysthymic Disorder: Two
years or more of consistently
depressed mood and other
symptoms that are not severe
enough to meet criteria for
major depressive episode
-Bipolar I Disorder- A
Conversion Disorders
-One or more symptoms or
deficits affecting voluntary
motor or sensory function
that suggests a neurological
or other general medical
condition.
-Psychological factors are
judged to be associated with
the symptoms or deficit
because the initiation or
exacerbation of the
symptoms or deficit is
preceded by conflicts or
stressors.
-The symptoms or deficit is
not intentionally produced or
feigned.
-The symptom or deficit
cannot be fully explained by
a general medical condition,
or b the direct effects of a
substance, or as a culturally
sanctioned behavior or
experience.
-The symptoms or deficit
causes clinically significant
distress or impairment in
social, occupational, or other
important areas of
functioning or warrants
medical evaluation.
Dissociative Disorders
Depersonalization disorder
-persistent or recurrent
experiences of feeling
detached from one’s body or
mental processes, as if
watching one’s self from the
outside.
-During the period of
depersonalization, the person
is not psychotic; that is he/she
continues to know what is real
and not real.
-The experience of
depersonalization causes
significant distress or
difficulty in social,
occupational, or other
important areas of
functioning.
Dissociative Amnesia
-One or more episodes of
being unable to recall
important personal
information, usually of a
traumatic or stressful nature.
-The forgotten information is
too extensive to be accounted
for by ordinary forgetting.
-The forgetting causes
clinically significant distress
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Anonymous
Great study resource, helped me a lot.

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