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Assignment 2 Organizational Structure Paper




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Assignment 2 The Statutes
Research, review, and analyze Anti-Miscegenation Statutes in the United States and chose two (2) relevant cases. Then, write a 4-5
page paper in which you:
1.Analyze and evaluate each case independently by providing the following (about two paragraphs per case):
•Facts of the case
2.Compare and contrast both cases in regards to the Anti-Miscegenation Statutes.
3.Analyze how this statute could have influenced Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) and the Fourteenth
4.Explain the significance of this statute to the Defense of Marriage Act (DOM).
Your assignment must:
•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA
or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date.
The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.
Additional Requirements
Min Pages: 2
Max Pages: 4
Level of Detail: Show all work
Other Requirements: The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
•Apply and rule on moral and ethical analysis to issues relevant to the public administration decision-making process.
•Interpret the language of the U.S. Constitution and the U.S. legal system in order to explain the principles and process of
constitutional, regulatory, and administrative laws at the federal and state levels.
•Use the “case” approach to the U.S. legal system for researching cases, laws, and other legal communications using technology
and information resources.
•Use technology and information resources to research issues in constitution and administrative law.
•Write clearly and concisely about issues in constitution and administrative law using proper writing mechanics.
1910 Anti-Miscegenation Statutes:
Before the civil war majority of the sates in the USA prohibited marriages between races. This
was termed as "intermarriage or forms of illicit intercourse between the races." During the
Reconstruction that happened in the southern states, none of the statutes against miscegenation
appear to have been repealed." In 1910 as many as 28 states statutes in effect and six of them
still prohibited racial intermarriage by means of a provision in the constitution. Marriage
between whites and blacks were prohibited in any form.

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Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967),was a landmark civil rights decision of the United States
Supreme Court which invalidated laws prohibiting interracial marriage.
Facts : Mildred Loving, a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, were sentenced to
one year imprisonment in Virginia for marrying each other .
Issues:. Their marriage violated the state's anti-miscegenation statute, the Racial Integrity Act of
1924, which prohibited marriage between people classified as "white" and people classified as
Rule : The Supreme Court's unanimous decision held this prohibition was unconstitutional,
overturning The decision was followed by an increase in interracial marriages in the U.S., and is
remembered annually on Loving Day, June 12. It has been the subject of two movies as well as
songs. In the 2010s, it again became relevant in the context of the debate about same-sex
marriage in the United States.
Case 2
Pace v. Alabama, 106 U.S. 583 (1883), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court
affirmed that Alabama's anti-miscegenation statute was constitutional.
Facts: The plaintiff, Tony Pace, an African-American man, and Mary Cox, a white woman, were
residents of the state of Alabama, who had been arrested in 1881 because their sexual
relationship violated the state's anti-miscegenation statute. They were charged with living

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together "in a state of adultery or fornication" and both sentenced to two years imprisonment in
the state penitentiary in 1882.
Rule: "miscegenation," were prohibited by Alabama's anti-miscegenation statute (Ala. code
4189). It means that marriage, cohabitation and sexual relations between whites and "negroes,"
was prohibited by, it would have been illegal for the couple to marry in Alabama. Because of the
criminalization of interracial relationships, they were penalized more severely for their
extramarital relationship than a white or a black couple would have been.
Comparison of both the cases:
In Loving v. Virginia there was an invalidation of the anti Miscegenation Statutes while in
Pace Vs. Alabama the miscegenation was considered to be valid one .
In the Brown v. Board of Education, it was held that the Negro children of elementary school
residing in Topeka. Need to have segregated schools for Negros and whites . Kan.Gen.Stat. § 72-
1724 (1949). That this segregation had a detrimental effect on students in the domain of public
education the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are
inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom
the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the
equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA enacted on September 21, 1996, 1 U.S.C. § 7 and 28
U.S.C. § 1738C) is a United States federal law that allows states to refuse to recognize same-sex
marriages granted under the laws of other states. Hence marriages of opposite sexes have to be

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