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PSY 405 Week 4 Individual Assignment Personality Analysis




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Personality Analysis
May 30, 2011

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Personality Analysis
Disposition refers to a tendency or habit adapted by individuals depicting an added
inclination towards various dimensions of life. Natural and are inborn causes have been
attributed to being the critical predisposing factors for disposition hence rarely affected by
environmental factors. The ability for an individual to alter his or her stored knowledge through
the means of acquisition and expansion requires the process of learning. Learning encompasses
some many different areas and so many types. There are three types of learning, visual, auditory
and kinetic. You can get more knowledge by reading a book, performing an experiment or
listening to speech. Learning can also be associated with a person's emotions, their individual
thought processes and their learning environments.
According to research a genetic component is absent from those individuals presenting
with situational behavior, depicting flexible personalities. The environment plays an important
role in the behavior of situational individuals. Making a sound assessment between personality
and situational behavior is difficult. Interpersonal relations aspects portrayed by the theories are
dependent on the personality presented exclusively by the individual (Feist & Feist, 2009). For
example the behavior of children can be considered situational. A child may be well mannered,
polite and obedient in the presence of his or her parents. However, in the presence of the
babysitter the child may become unruly and act out. The main change in the environment is the
babysitter verses the parents. The same goes for other individuals in society.
Think about the last time you were driving down the road and you noticed a speeding
motorist. Then you suddenly notice the same motorist has slowed down in front of you. Then
you notice the police car that is two cars ahead of the speeding motorist. In this situation bad
behavior is shifted to good behavior in the presence of an authority figure. Situational and

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behavioral changes like this one are very common. One more example involves family members
which we can all relate to. During family outings with distance relatives or in-laws the family
may seem perfectly happy and excited to be there. After the families have separated there may
be talk about how terrible the event was and how they wish they didn't have to see those relatives
again for a long time.
Learning is not simply a process it's also a theory. The learning theory simply focuses on
the way that people learn. We've already addressed the three types of learning but human beings
are more complex than those three areas. Two such theories that warrant examination are
classical conditioning and operant theories. Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan
Pavlov (1849-1936), it is a reflexive or automatic type of learning that involves a stimulus with
the ability to cause a response that was caused by another stimulus originally. The most popular
example of this type of learning came from his experiment with dogs. He noticed that dogs
salivate in the presence of food. He wanted to know what would happen if a bell was rung
before the introduction of the food (
During the experiment he noticed that the dogs would salivate from the ringing of the bell
in expectation of getting food. The dogs would even salivate when no food was ever given
( Humans experience classical conditioning through our everyday lives.
Think about it, how many times have you gotten up early on a Saturday or Sunday and couldn't
go back to sleep because during the week you always get up early for work. Your body has been
conditioned to get up early in the morning no matter what day it is. It also stands to reason that
you would wake up in the morning without an alarm clock, once again because your body has
learned to get up at a certain time. You can also linked classical conditioning to habits that we

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Just what I was looking for! Super helpful.