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Offshore Drilling

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English
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Northern Virginia Community College
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‘Offshore Drilling
Introduction
Offshore drilling is the process of drilling holes in the ocean sea bed to explore and
extract petroleum. The process involves drilling thousands of meters into the sea bed by oil
companies. Even though offshore drilling can also be applied in lakes and inland seas, it is most
popular on the continental shelf. The process leads to environmental conservation challenges
(Cordes et al. 58). Moreover, the productions of materials used when performing offshore
drilling operations are hazardous. The Offshore drilling process takes place using different
facilities. For instance, bottom found drilling rigs and production facilities that are too complex
and dangerous. Although drilling of oil has taken place for hundreds of years, offshore drilling
was first executed a few decades ago. With its historical background, offshore oil drilling is a
crucial aspect of the economy, although it has many consequences. Offshore drilling has many
benefits to the economy, like helping in reaching the ongoing demand for gasoline, but also leads
to harsh climatic situations like hurricanes and earthquakes through the burning of fossil fuels.
The first offshore drilling to occur dates back to 1947 in the USA. The process took place
several miles off the coast of Louisiana. The subsequent years after the initial offshore drill in the
United States were characterized by the expansion of automobile use in America, thus leading to

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an increase in demand for oil. The increased demand for gasoline has led to the innovation and
design of advanced strategies to extract oil from the sea bed. Many companies are now involved
in offshore oil drilling, but they are regulated by government entities to ensure that they adhere
to certain standards. Offshore rigs contribute to approximately 25% of the oil produced in the US
A. In the recent past, the US has amplified its expenditure of energy to nearly 25% of the world's
oil. In addition, the US produces about 10% of the world's oil. This can be attributed to the fact
that America’s coastline has been out of commission for oil for almost four decades. The process
of offshore drilling gas enabled the US to wean itself from dependence on foreign oil. Offshore
drilling has thus many benefits to the economy of the US in spite of its bad effects on the
environment.
Offshore drilling consists of lesser pollution than people have always assumed. In the US,
pollution flows throughout the air as a result of many factors. The Transport industry emits more
pollution than the process of offshore drilling. Despite the fact that they both pollute the
environment, offshore oil drilling is less contaminated. The United States Minerals Management
Service states, "Since 1975, 101,997 barrels spilled from among the 11.855 billion barrels of
American oil extracted offshore. This shows that only a negligible percentage of oil has spilled
for the last five decades. In addition, the number of gallons of oils that have spilled in the last
five decades remains less than one percent of the overall oil contamination rate (Harris et al. 24).
Based on the information from the US minerals management service, pollution comes from
various sources.
On the other hand, oil spills, as a result of offshore drilling, leads to the death of many
sea creatures. The complicated equipment used in the process endangers the life of many animals
in the sea (Zulqarnain and Rivers 7). For instance, in 1969, offshore drilling miles off the

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Surname 1 Student’s Name Tutor’s Name Course Date ‘Offshore Drilling’ Introduction Offshore drilling is the process of drilling holes in the ocean sea bed to explore and extract petroleum. The process involves drilling thousands of meters into the sea bed by oil companies. Even though offshore drilling can also be applied in lakes and inland seas, it is most popular on the continental shelf. The process leads to environmental conservation challenges (Cordes et al. 58). Moreover, the productions of materials used when performing offshore drilling operations are hazardous. The Offshore drilling process takes place using different facilities. For instance, bottom found drilling rigs and production facilities that are too complex and dangerous. Although drilling of oil has taken place for hundreds of years, offshore drilling was first executed a few decades ago. With its historical background, offshore oil drilling is a crucial aspect of the economy, although it has many consequences. Offshore drilling has many benefits to the economy, like helping in reaching the ongoing demand for gasoline, but also leads to harsh climatic situations like hurricanes and earthquakes through th ...
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