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Investigating Islam Essay

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Philosophy
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Grand Canyon University
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Running head: INVESTIGATING ISLAM
1
Investigating Islam
Name
Institutional Affiliation

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INVESTIGATING ISLAM
2
Islam is a major world religion which was promulgated in Arabia in the 17
th
century CE
by Prophet Muhammad. The word Islam literally translates into surrender, and reflects the
fundamental religious idea of Islam. The religious idea of Islam is that a believer, also called a
Muslim, should accept and surrender to the will of God, which in Arabic is Allah. The Muslims
view Allah as their sole God, and as such is considered the creator, sustainer and restorer of the
world. His will, to which all humans must submit, is revealed through the sacred scriptures
known as the Koran, which Allah availed to his messenger Muhammad. According to the Qur’an,
there are five pillars of Islam, which are basically five official acts considered a must for all
Muslim faithful. They include the Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Saum, and Hajj. In this article, we
discuss the five pillars of Islam, and how ancient Christian communities have similar practices
and rituals as the five pillars of Islam.
The first pillar of Islam is the Shahadah. It is the profession of faith and consists of two
declarations. The first stipulates that there is no other god but God, which affirms the belief in a
single divine entity. The second asserts that Muhammad is the messenger of God. The second
phrase affirms the submission to god through the acceptance of Muhammad’s messages (Edgar,
2002). The first pillar therefore signifies the broader belief of Islam and is the first step towards
Islam.
The second pillar is the Salat, which are the five daily prayers, signifies a believer’s
complete submission to Allah and as physical and testimonial evidence of the believer’s
adherence to the Islamic religion. Muslims are expected to pray five times a day, and does not
necessarily require the believer to attend a mosque. The prayers are performed just before dawn,
at noon, midafternoon, just after sunset, and in the evening, between an hour after sunset and

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Running head: INVESTIGATING ISLAM 1 Investigating Islam Name Institutional Affiliation INVESTIGATING ISLAM 2 Islam is a major world religion which was promulgated in Arabia in the 17th century CE by Prophet Muhammad. The word Islam literally translates into surrender, and reflects the fundamental religious idea of Islam. The religious idea of Islam is that a believer, also called a Muslim, should accept and surrender to the will of God, which in Arabic is Allah. The Muslims view Allah as their sole God, and as such is considered the creator, sustainer and restorer of the world. His will, to which all humans must submit, is revealed through the sacred scriptures known as the Koran, which Allah availed to his messenger Muhammad. According to the Qur’an, there are five pillars of Islam, which are basically five official acts considered a must for all Muslim faithful. They include the Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Saum, and Hajj. In this article, we discuss the five pillars of Islam, and how ancient Christian communities have similar practices and rituals as the five pillars of Islam. The first pillar of Islam is the Shahadah. It is the profession of faith and consists of two declarations. The first stipulates that there is no other god but God, which affirms the belief in a single divine entity. The second asserts that Muhammad is the messenger of God. The second phrase affirms the submission to god through the acceptance of Muhammad’s messages (Edgar, 2002). The first pilla ...
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