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PSY 375 Week 2 DQ 1

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Week 2 DQ 1
What are the similarities and differences between Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of
cognitive development? Which one do you believe is more accurate? Explain why.
Cognitive development is defined as the development of the ability to think and reason - This
being said, the theory behind cognition can have alternatives views, as the ways each individual
develops can differ. Piaget and Vygotsky both were regarded as constructivists. This ideals
assumes that people learn based on the information which is provided to them paired with the
information they already know as well as their personal belief and attitude toward the
information. Piaget and Vygotsky shared the believe that societal influences played a role in the
boundaries in cognitive growth. This is primarily the only area in which they agreed on.
Piaget believed that intelligence was developed through action. Further he suggested that
learning took place through interacting with their surroundings, and development came before
the learning process. Vygotcky alternatively believed that learning came before development, and
it was only through history and symbolism that information was stored and therefore developed.
Vygotsky added that children, or people in general value input from their surroundings and from
those around them. Piaget inferred that there were essentially four key developmental stages,
while Vygotsky stated there were no set stages at all.
I am partial to Vygotsky's concept of cognitive development as I believe that one cannot develop
if first they do not learn. Even from infancy a baby learns social structure, and learns to behave
in the effort to reach something it desires. For instance, an infant learns to cry when if they want
something because a parent or caregiver constantly reacts when an infant cries. Essentially, how
we react to children teaches them positive and negative aspects, the same can be held true for
information. If we are always teaching a child that the letter P makes a "pa" sound, then they will
learn to pronounce it as such. If we are teaching a child that the letter P makes a "see" sounds,
then a child will develop to understand P as "see".

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