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Assignment 2 Case of Anna O

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Assignment 2 Case of Anna O
The case of Anna O. that Breuer conducted, and to which Freud was
privy through innumerable conversations with Breuer, was the
beginning of what Breuer called “the talking cure,” a conversational
style of interaction that seemed capable of unlocking material in the
unconscious.
As Freud began to develop his system of psychoanalysis, theoretical
considerations, as well as the difficulty he encountered in hypnotizing
some patients, led him to eventually discard hypnosis in favor of what
he would later call free association. Free association was
characterized by spontaneous disclosure of thoughts and emotion as it
would arise without censorship.

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It was this new technique of talking through the patient’s hidden
memories that would become the center of Freud’s technique. Freud
believed that the hidden, or “repressed,” memories that lay behind
hysterical symptoms were always of a sexual nature. Breuer did not
hold with this belief, which led to a split between the two men soon
after the publication of the studies. Despite Freud’s influential
adoption and then rejection of hypnosis, some use was made of the
technique in the psychoanalytic treatment of soldiers with combat
neuroses during World Wars I and II. Hypnosis subsequently acquired
various other limited uses in medicine. Various researchers have put
forth differing theories of what hypnosis is and how it could be
understood, but there is currently still no generally accepted
explanatory theory for the phenomenon. The first, the case of Anna
O., was conducted by Dr. Joseph Breuer, Freud’s mentor. The
remaining two, the “Rat Man” and “Dora,” were conducted and
recorded by Freud. Anna O.: free association Joseph Breuer was a
famous physician that had befriended the young Freud as he was just
beginning his practice. The two men frequently discussed Breuers
patients at length. One in particular, a 21-year-old Anna O., would
become a pivotal case in the development of psychoanalysis. An
intelligent and attractive woman, Anna O. suffered from severe
hysterical complaints including paralysis, memory loss, mental
deterioration, nausea, and disturbances of vision and speech. The
symptoms first appeared when she was nursing her dying father, who
had always pampered her. Breuer began Anna’s treatment by using

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